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OCR for page 94
C H A P T E R 25 Index Abbreviations (Chapter 26), 26-1 Speeding Countermeasures: Communicating in Messages, 13-6, 13-7, 19-7, 19-8, 19-9 Appropriate Speed Limits, 17-12 in Pavement Markings, 20-5 Speeding Countermeasures: Setting Appropriate Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS), 11-8, 11-9 Speed Limits, 17-10 AMBER Alert, 19-2, 23-1 Speeding Countermeasures: Using Roadway Apparent Radius, 6-4, 6-5 Design and Traffic Control Elements to Address Approach Sight Triangles, 5-7 Speeding Problems, 17-14 Arrow Panels, 13-2 thru 13-5 Cross Section, 3-3, 3-5, 4-1, 5-12, 17-7 Cross Slope, 5-12, 6-5 Behavioral Framework for Speeding, 17-2 Crosswalks, 5-5, 10-11, 20-6, 20-7, 20-11 Bicycles/Bicycle Riders, 3-4, 4-1, 5-15, 16-6, 16-7, Curve Advisory Speed Limits, 6-6 17-6, 20-10, 20-11, 20-6 20-7, 22-13 Curves, 3-6, 5-5, 5-13, 5-16, 6-2 thru 6-7, 6-9, 6-12, Bilingual Information, 19-14, 19-15 13-2, 16-9, 17-5, 17-7, 17-14, 17-15, 20-3, 20-8, 20-9 Blank-out/Blanking, 11-4, 11-5, 19-3, 19-10, 19-11, Advisory Speed Limits, 6-6 19-13, 22-45, 22-46 Countermeasures for Improving Steering and Caution Mode Configuration for Arrow Panels, 13-4 Vehicle Control Through Curves, 6-8 Changeable/Variable Message Sign or CMS/VMS, Curves (Horizontal Alignment) (Chapter 6), 6-1 2-1, 3-4, 4-4, 11-5 Detailed Task Analysis of Curve Driving Changeable Message Signs (Chapter 19), 19-1 (Tutorial 3), 22-35 Changeable Message Signs, for Work Zones, 13-6 Delineators, 20-8, 20-9 Message Length, 13-6, 13-7, 19-3, 19-6, 19-7, Drop-off, 16-5 19-15, 19-9, 22-43 Entry/Approach, 6-2 thru 6-5, 6-9, 6-11, 6-12 Phases, 13-6 Horizontal, 16-9, 17-5, 17-7, 17-12, 20-3 thru 20-5, Speed Limits, 13-10, 13-11, 17-12, 17-13 20-9, 22-35, 22-45 Clearance Interval, 11-6, 17-14, 17-15, 22-38 Crest, 6-5, 20-5 Crosswalk, 11-8, 11-9 Sag, 6-3 thru 6-5 Clearing Distance, 11-7 Vertical, 3-6, 5-5, 5-12, 5-16, 13-2, 6-5, 6-7, 22-45 Closed-Loop Compensatory Component, 6-8, 6-9 Crest, 3-3, 3-6, 5-5, 6-5, 20-5, 22-15 Complexity of Sign Information, 18-10 Sag, 6-4, 6-5 Composing a Message to Maximize Comprehension, 19-8 Decibel (dB or dBA) Level, 16-6, 16-7 Conspicuity, 3-10, 18-6, 18-7 Departure Sight Triangles, 5-7 Conspicuity of Diamond Warning Signs under Design Consistency, 6-2, 6-3, 6-5 thru 6-9, 16-8, 16-9, Nighttime Conditions, 18-6 17-15 Construction and Work Zones (Chapter 13), 13-1 Design Consistency in Rural Driving, 16-8 Countermeasures, 2-1 Determining Appropriate Message Length, 19-6 Countermeasures for Improving Accessibility for Determining Intersection Sight Distance, 5-6 Vision-Impaired Pedestrians at Signalized Determining Passing Sight Distance, 5-10 Intersections, 11-8 Determining Stopping Sight Distance, 5-4 Countermeasures for Improving Accessibility of Determining When to Use Decision Sight Distance, Vision-Impaired Pedestrians at Roundabouts, 5-8 10-10 Determining Work Zone Speed Limits, 13-10 Countermeasures for Improving Steering and Dilemma Zone, 11-6, 11-7 Vehicle Control Through Curves, 6-8 Displaying Messages with Dynamic Characteristics, Countermeasures for Pavement/Shoulder 19-10 Drop-offs, 16-4 Distracted/Drowsy/Fatigued/Inattentive Driver, 6-11, Countermeasures to Improve Pavement 11-7, 16-6, 16-7, 17-3, 18-5, 20-3, 22-7 Delineation, 6-10 Driver Compliance Engineering Countermeasures to Reduce Red Posted Speed, 13-11, 17-6, 17-8, 17-9, 17-11, 19-3 Light Running, 11-2 Driving Restrictions, 11-5 25-1

OCR for page 94
HFG INDEX Version 1.0 Driver Comprehension of Signs, 18-8 Lane/Pavement/Roadway, 5-8, 5-9, 6-2, 6-3, 6-10, 6- Drop-off 11, 11-4, 16-2, 16-3, 16-7, 16-8, 17-13, 17-4, 17-13, Lane, 16-3, 20-4, 20-5 20-2 thru 20-5, 20-7, 20-11, 22-12, 22-24, 22-36 Pavement/Shoulder, 16-4, 16-5 Markings for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety, 20-6 Dynamic Characteristics/Text, 19-4, 19-5, 19-10, Markings for Roundabouts, 20-10 19-11, 22-45 Post-Mounted Delineators, 20-8 Dynamic Message Sign or DMS, see Changeable Raised, 6-2, 6-3, 6-10, 6-11, 6-13 Message Signs Visibility of Lane Markings, 20-2 Mean Deceleration Level, 5-4 Edge Line, 6-8 thru 6-11, 6-13, 20-3 Mental Models, 16-9 Effectiveness of Symbolic Markings, 20-4 Most Meaningful Information or MMI, 3-5, 3-6, 3-9, Effects of Posted Speed Limits on Speed Decisions, 17-8 3-10, 4-2 Effects of Roadway Factors on Speed, 17-6 Engineering Countermeasures to Reduce Red Light Night Running, 11-2 Arrow Panel Specifications, 13-2, 13-3 Equations (Chapter 27), Forthcoming Perception-reaction Time or PRT, 5-3, 5-11 Legibility/Visibility, 18-4 thru 18-7, 19-4, 19-5, Factors Affecting Acceptable Gap, 10-4 20-3, 20-5, 20-7, 22-43, 22-44 Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS), 11-3, 6-7 Markings, 20-8, 20-9 Foveal Vision, 20-3, 20-5 Speed, 17-4, 17-5, 17-15, 20-5 Free-flow Speed, 17-6 thru 17-10 Vertical Crests, 3-3 Non-signalized Intersections (Chapter 10), 10-1 Gap, 3-2, 3-4, 5-6, 5-7, 5-11, 5-18, 6-6, 6-10, 6-11, 10-4, 10-5, 10-10, 10-11, 17-5, 17-15, 18-3, 22-4, Older Drivers, 1-2, 5-3 22-40, 22-42 Perception-reaction Time or PRT, 5-5 Acceptable Gap Distance, 10-2, 10-3 Sight Distance, 5-9, 5-11, 5-14, 5-15, 10-6 thru 10-9 Critical Gap, 10-3, 10-4 Gap Acceptance, 10-3 thru 10-5 Factors Affecting Acceptable Gap, 10-4 Signs, 13-8, 17-13, 18-4, 18-7, 19-5, 22-41 Rumble Strip Marking, 16-6, 16-7 Open-Loop Anticipatory Control Process, 6-8, 6-9 General Principles for Sign Legends, 18-2 Optic Flow, 17-4, 17-5 Glare, 3-3, 3-4, 5-3, 5-4, 10-4, 10-5, 18-5, 20-2, 20-3, 22-6 Passing Lanes, 16-2 Glossary (Chapter 24), 24-1 Pedestrians, 1-2, 3-1, 3-5, 4-2, 4-4, 5-14, 5-15, 10-4, Grades - Vertical Alignment (Chapter 7), Forthcoming 22-6, 22-13 Countermeasures for Improving Accessibility of Haptic or Tactile Alert/Cue, 6-11, 11-8, 11-9, Vision-Impaired Pedestrians at Roundabouts, 16-6, 16-7, 16-9, 17-4 10-10 Hazard/Hazardous Event or Object, 3-5, 3-6, 5-2 thru Driving Speed, 17-6, 17-7, 17-11, 17-13 5-5, 5-13, 5-16, 6-3, 10-4, 10-11, 16-7, 17-15, 18-3, Markings, 20-10, 20-11 18-8, 18-9, 19-12, 19-13, 22-3 thru 22-7, 22-9, Markings for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety, 20-6 22-11 thru 22-23, 22-25 thru 22-31, 22-35 Restricting Right Turns on Red to Address Heavy Truck(s), 1-2, 3-1, 6-13, 11-4, 16-6, 16-7, Pedestrian Safety, 11-4 17-10, 17-11 Sight Distance, 5-5, 5-12, 5-13 Heuristics for Selecting the Yellow Timing Interval, 11-6 Vision-Impaired, 10-10, 10-11, 11-4, 11-5, 11-8, 11-9 Highway Systems, 3-1 Yellow Timing Interval, 11-6 Perception-reaction Time or PRT, 3-5, 5-2 thru 5-5, Influence of Speed on Sight Distance, 5-12 5-8, 5-9, 5-11, 5-12, 5-14, 5-15, 11-6, 22-2 thru Information Units, 18-10, 18-11, 19-3, 19-6, 19-7, 22-4, 22-6, 22-7, 22-9, 22-11, 22-19, 22-23, 22-24, 19-9 thru 19-11, 22-43 thru 22-48 22-30 thru 22-34 Interchanges (Chapter 12), Forthcoming Point of Expansion Posted Speed, 17-3, 17-4, 17-6, 17-7, 17-10 thru 17-13, Key Components of Sight Distance, 5-2 18-8, 22-36 Key References for Sight Distance Information, 5-14 Driver Compliance, 13-11, 17-6, 17-8, 17-9, 17-11, 19-3 Legibility Distance, 13-7 thru 13-9, 18-3, 18-5, 19-3 Effects of Posted Speed Limits on Speed Decisions, thru 19-5, 19-7, 22-21, 22-23, 22-24, 22-26, 22-29 17-8 thru 22-34, 22-41 thru 22-44 Post-Mounted Delineators or PMDs, 6-11, 20-8 Legibility Index, 13-8, 18-3, 18-4, 22-31, 22-32. 22-41 Presentation of Bilingual Information, 19-14 Lighting (Chapter 21), Forthcoming Presentation to Maximize Visibility and Legibility, 19-4 Looming, 10-3, 19-10, 19-11 Procedures to Ensure Proper Arrow Panel Visibility, Luminous Intensity, 13-2, 20-2 13-2 Lux, 20-2, 20-3 Rail-Highway Grade Crossings (Chapter 14), Maneuver Time (MT), 5-2 thru 5-5, 5-8, 5-9, 5-11, Forthcoming 5-14 thru 5-16, 5-18, 22-2, 22-3, 22-6, 22-7, 22-9, Red Light Running, 11-6, 17-5 22-23, 22-24, 22-30, 22-31, 22-33 Engineering Countermeasures to Reduce Red Markings (Chapter 20), 20-1 Light Running, 11-2 Effectiveness of Symbolic Markings, 20-4 References (Chapter 23), 23-1 25-2

OCR for page 94
HFG INDEX Version 1.0 Restricting Right Turns on Red to Address Pedestrian Work Zone, 13-10, 13-11, 17-12, 17-13, 19-12, Safety, 11-4 19-13 Retroreflectivity, 6-10, 6-11, 6-13, 13-8, 13-9, 18-4, Speed Perception and Driving Speed, 17-4 18-6, 20-2, 20-3, 20-8, 20-11 Speed Perception, Speed Choice, and Speed Control Right Turn(s) on Red, 11-4 (Chapter 17), 17-1 Restricting Right Turns on Red to Address Speed Selection, 3-5, 5-3, 6-3 thru 6-7, 17-2, 22-4, Pedestrian Safety, 11-4 22-13, 22-36 Roundabout Intersections, 5-18 Speed Selection on Horizontal Curves, 6-6 Markings for Roundabouts, 20-10 Speeding Countermeasures: Communicating Countermeasures for Improving Accessibility of Appropriate Speed Limits, 17-12 Vision-Impaired Pedestrians at Roundabouts, Speeding Countermeasures: Setting Appropriate 10-10 Speed Limits, 17-10 Route Markers, 16-8, 20-5 Speeding Countermeasures: Using Roadway Design Rumble Strips, 6-10, 6-11, 16-6, 17-12, 17-13 and Traffic Control Elements to Address Speeding Problems, 17-14 Safety Edge, 16-5 Self-Explaining Roads, 3-4, 3-10 Tactile or Haptic Alert/Cue, 6-11, 11-8, 11-9, 16-6, Serial Processing, 22-5, 22-33 16-7, 16-9, 17-4 Shared-Use Lanes 20-6, 20-7, 20-11 Tangent Sections and Roadside - Cross Section Sharrows, 20-7 (Chapter 8), Forthcoming Shoulder/Roadway Shoulder, 6-9, 16-4, 16-6, 16-7, Task Analysis, 6-2, 6-3, 11-7, 22-35, 22-36 17-6, 17-13, 20-3, 20-6 Task Analysis on Curve Driving, 6-2 Sight Distance or SD, 16-8, 17-14, 17-15, 19-7, 20-7 The Influence of Perceptual Factors on Curve Horizontal Curves, 6-6 Driving, 6-4 Decision Sight Distance or DSD, 5-8, 5-9, 5-12, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 5-14, 5-16, 5-18, 22-2, 22-9, 22-11, 22-13, 22-15, of 1990, 10-10, 11-8 22-16, 22-22 thru 22-26, 22-27 thru 22-29 Trade-offs, 1-2, 2-3, 18-3, 19-5, 22-7, 22-44, 22-46 Intersection Sight Distance or ISD, 3-5, 5-6, 5-7, Traffic Control Devices, 1-2, 2-1, 3-5, 5-6, 5-15, 13-4, 5-12, 5-14, 5-18, 10-2, 10-3,10-7, 22-9, 22-11, 13-7, 13-9, 13-11, 17-7, 17-11, 17-12, 17-15, 20-7, 22-17, 22-22, 22-24, 22-30 22-7, 22-9, 22-11 thru 22-16, 22-18, 22-20, 22-21, Key Components of Sight Distance, 5-2 22-23 thru 22-31 Key References for Sight Distance Information, Transition Zones between Varying Road Designs 5-14 (Chapter 9), Forthcoming Passing Sight Distance or PSD, 5-10 thru 5-12, Transverse Stripes, 17-5 5-14, 5-16, 22-9, 22-11, 22-17, 22-22, 22-24 Trunk Rotation Range, 10-9 Sight Distance Guidelines (Chapter 5), 5-1 Tutorials (Chapter 22), 22-1 Sight Distance at Left-Skewed Intersections, 10-6 Tutorial 1: Real-World Driver Behavior Versus Sight Distance at Right-Skewed Intersections, 10-8 Design Models, 22-2 Stopping Sight Distance or SSD, 2-3, 2-4, 5-4 thru Tutorial 2: Diagnosing Sight Distance Problems 5-6, 5-8, 5-12, 5-14, 5-16, 5-18, 6-6, 22-9, 22-11, and Other Design Deficiencies, 22-9 22-13, 22-16, 22-17, 22-22, 22-24, 22-30, 22-31, Tutorial 3: Detailed Task Analysis of Curve 22-33 Driving, 22-35 Where to Find Sight Distance Information for Tutorial 4: Determining Appropriate Clearance Intersections, 5-18 Intervals, 22-38 Where to Find Sight Distance Information for Tutorial 5: Determining Appropriate Sign Specific Roadway Features, 5-16 Placement and Letter Height Requirements, Sign(s), 22-36 22-39 Comprehension, 18-8, 22-21, 22-23, 22-24, 22-29 Tutorial 6: Calculating Appropriate CMS Message thru 22-33 Length under Varying Conditions, 22-43 Complexity, 5-3, 11-9, 13-9, 22-23 Sign Design to Improve Legibility, 18-4 Variable Message Sign or VMS, see Changeable Presentation to Maximize Visibility and Legibility, Message Signs 19-4 Virtual Road Users, 3-1, 3-6, 3-10, 4-3 Sign Legibility, 13-8, 18-4, 18-5, 18-8, 18-9, 19-3, Visibility of Lane Markings, 20-2 19-4, 19-5, 19-7, 19-15 Visual Demands Index, 13-8, 18-3,22-31, 22-32 Curves, 6-2, 6-3 Distance, 13-7 thru 13-9, 18-3, 18-5, 19-3 thru Roundabouts, 20-11 19-5, 19-7, 22-21, 22-23, 22-24, 22-26, 22-29 Sign Comprehension, 18-7 thru 22-34, 22-41 thru 22-44 When to Use Changeable Message Signs, 19-2 Signalized Intersections (Chapter 11), 11-1 Where to Find Sight Distance Information for Signing (Chapter 18), 18-1 Intersections, 5-18 Signs on Horizontal Curves, 6-12 Where to Find Sight Distance Information for Special Considerations for Rural Environments Specific Roadway Features, 5-16 (Chapter 16), 16-1 Work Zone Speed Limits, 13-10, 13-11, 17-12, 17-13, Special Considerations for Urban Environments 19-12, 19-13 (Chapter 15), Forthcoming Speed Limits, 3-3, 3-6, 5-13, 6-6 Yellow Timing Interval, 11-2, 11-3, 11-6, 11-7, 17-14, Differential, 17-10, 17-11 17-15, 22-38 25-3