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Establish a Department-level Protocol for Integrating TDM into Projects All respondents complete Section 1: Identifying the Role Regardless of whether or not state DOTs oper- of the State in TDM ate an overarching TDM program, they can still integrate TDM into planning phases. This can often be done through the development of traffic mitiga- tion or management plans, as well as construction If "yes," respondents complete If "no," respondents complete Section 2: Existing TDM Section 3: Absence of TDM mitigation, and consideration of bike/pedestrian fa- Programs Programs cilities for new highways or roads. States may want to develop a protocol based on input from a variety Figure 1 Illustration of survey logic. of divisions, so that TDM can be incorporated as a strategy into projects across multiple departments within the state DOT. States may want to consider If the response was no, the team then requested that adding a step into the project planning phase to ac- the contact recommend an alternate contact. In the count for TDM measures, including a TDM repre- few cases without any response, the team followed sentative on all major new projects to ensure that up via telephone. Through this outreach strategy, the TDM mitigation is at least considered in the plan- team was able to identify and confirm contacts for ning phase, as with Caltrans' example. As another 49 states and the District of Columbia.36 example, UDOT has a standing committee of inter- The survey was designed in three parts using nal TDM stakeholders across departments in order http://www.surveymonkey.com. Figure 1 shows the to help this integration process. relationship between the three parts described here. All respondents filled out Section 1 (Identifying the CHAPTER 4 SURVEY RESULTS Role of the State in TDM) and one additional sec- tion depending on their response to the following As part of the first step in surveying the state conditional question. DOTs, the research team conducted outreach to iden- Question #3. Does your state DOT:37 tify contacts to participate in the survey. The research team aimed to identify and confirm at least one con- Enforce/support the implementation of local- tact for each state DOT who could participate in the ities' plans to reduce SOV travel? survey. The team reviewed a variety of sources to Fund local organizations focused on TDM, identify contacts, including: professional contacts; such as local jurisdictions or TMAs/TMOs? membership directory for the Association for Com- Fund/manage a statewide TDM approach? muter Transportation (ACT); membership directory Provide technical assistance to local TDM for the AASHTO Standing Committee on Public organizations? Transportation; TDM Listserv, Center for Urban Use TDM as part of its own activities, such as Transportation Research at the University of South during construction projects? Florida; membership directory of the TRB TDM Those participants who responded affirmatively Subcommittee; Biking and Pedestrian Coordinator (e.g., that their agency did one/all of these roles) filled contact list at http://walkinginfo.org; contacts from out Section 2 (Existing TDM Programs). Those re- past research team projects and reports; staff list for spondents who did not identify a role in TDM filled FHWA Federal-aid Division Offices, Planning and out Section 3 instead (Absence of TDM Programs). Environment and Realty; and general review of state The survey allowed for several open-ended ques- DOT websites. tions in which respondents could provide additional Using these sources, the researchers identified information/detail. two to three potential contacts at each state DOT. The team emailed each potential contact inquiring if that person would be an appropriate contact to dis- 36 While the research team was unable to confirm a contact in cuss TDM at their agency. If the response was yes, Texas, the team did send the survey to potential contacts, but the team requested that the contact confirm that he did not receive a response. or she would be able to participate in a brief survey. 37 Paraphrased and edited from original survey question. 13