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Survey Responses Table 3 Most common TDM activities reported being encouraged by state DOTs This section summarizes the major findings in the survey responses. Appendix B (not published herein) Response Response includes a complete overview of the survey responses. Activity Percent Count The research team secured a response from 42 con- Bicycling 95% 39 tacts, representing 42 states, equaling an 82 percent Carpooling 88% 36 response rate.38 The team also followed up with one Promotion of Transit Use 83% 34 reminder e-mail and one reminder phone call for those Walking 80% 33 participants that had not completed the survey within Vanpooling 80% 33 1 week of the deadline. The high response rate may be Ridematching 68% 28 due to the initial confirmation that the contact would Telecommuting 49% 20 indeed be willing to participate in the survey and TDM Marketing 49% 20 the follow-up reminders. Nine jurisdictions did not Employer-based 46% 19 respond to the survey request: Alaska, Washington, Outreach/Programs D.C., Montana, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Special Event Planning 41% 17 Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wyoming. Commuter Financial 44% 18 Incentives Based on the 42 states that did respond, the team HOV (High Occupant 44% 18 compiled responses and identified several common Vehicle) Lanes/Priority themes. Thirty-nine state DOTs (over 90 percent of Transit-Oriented Development 39% 16 respondents) identified one or more specific roles that Trip Chaining 22% 9 their agency plays in TDM. Three state DOTs did not Congestion/Road Pricing 12% 5 identify any role, implying an absence of the DOT's Parking Pricing/Management 7% 3 role in TDM. Of the 39 state DOTs that identified a Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance 2% 1 role, the most commonly identified role (43 percent) was the use of TDM on project-level activities, such as construction projects.39 The second and third most All respondents were asked to identify whether common TDM roles are: or not the state DOT encouraged each of seventeen Fund local organizations focused on TDM, TDM-oriented activities (e.g., bicycling, conges- such as local jurisdictions or TMAs/TMOs tion pricing). The most common activities reported (38 percent). were carpooling, bicycling, promotion of transit use, Provide technical assistance to local TDM or- vanpooling, and walking (all reported by at least ganizations (36 percent). 33 states). The least common activities reported were pay-as-you-drive insurance, parking pricing and man- It is also important to note that over one-half of agement, and congestion or road pricing (all reported the state DOTs that fund local organizations focused by five or fewer states). Table 3 lists the activities in on TDM provide technical assistance to them as well. order of prevalence at the states. Both of these roles are decentralized approaches to Of the state DOTs that responded, 17 indicated TDM, illustrating that the most common state DOT that TDM responsibilities are located in the planning role, outside of project-based TDM, is a guiding/ division or planning department at the DOT, ap- funding role to local organizations, rather than fol- proximately 45 percent.40 Seven other state DOTs lowing a larger programmatic or agency-wide vision. identified the public transportation division and seven Some respondents also mentioned other roles played indicated that TDM is spread across multiple divi- by their agency. Vermont and West Virginia DOTs sions, combined totaling 37 percent.41 The remain- integrate TDM into their business processes, and Ari- ing agencies reported that TDM is located in the op- zona and New Mexico DOTs provide TDM services/ erations division, project development department, benefits as employers, such as offering ridesharing. or at another state agency. 38 For the purposes of this survey, the total potential survey 40 response is 51 (50 states plus the District of Columbia). Only 38 states responded to this question. 39 Results for this question are based on 42 respondents. 41 Only 38 states responded to this question. 14