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8 FUNDING SOURCES FOR PLANNING Airports large and small that have planned for energy effi- ciency most often have included funding for planning in the budget. Dedicated Sustainability Budget One major airport has broken out sustainability as a category within the budget, allowing critical review and accountabil- ity for energy efficiency and other environmentally focused projects. This reinforces direction from ACRP Research FIGURE 1 Existing energy Results Digest 2 to create an on-going energy conservation efficiency programs. U.S. program with annual investment (Turner et al. 2007, p. 10). Department of Energy, ENERGY STAR Program logo with linkage phrase. Box 3 MSP Metropolitan Airports Commission MEC Program program, provide an energy performance rating system and Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport (MSP) started energy management tools for achieving energy efficiency tar- focused planning for energy efficiency in 1998 with its MAC gets, whereas others such as LEED 2009 for Existing Build- Energy Conservation Program, when $1 million was allo- ings: O&M, include suggested strategies and technologies (for cated through the Capital Improvement Program (CIP) achieving points) related to energy efficiency (EPA and DOE for energy efficiency improvements. The budget for these n.d.a.; USGBC 2008) (see Figure 1). improvements has grown to $2 million annually, and addi- tional projects are continually identified for the program. WEBLINK--ENERGY STAR UPGRADE MANUAL Projects have ranged from chiller plant improvements and This manual outlines a process for developing a heat recovery from boiler stacks, to commissioning and comprehensive energy-management strategy and an building automation systems. The program continually looks integrated approach to upgrading existing buildings: at new technologies and new standards for potential future http://www.energystar.gov/ia/business/ projects. The first 10 years of improvements (19982008) EPA_BUM_Full.pdf are expected to have fully paid for themselves by 2012. An additional resource developed concurrent with this report by the Sustainable Aviation Guidance Alliance is Planning as a Part of Consultant Services the Airport Sustainability Database ("Sustainable Aviation Guidance Alliance" 2009). This database seeks to be a com- Other airports have innovated by requiring all mechanical and prehensive, searchable resource that identifies measures, engineering consultants to consider and plan for energy effi- including energy efficiency practices, to improve sustain- ciency as a part of basic services, thereby building in feasibil- ability at airports. ity studies and planning into every project. Also concurrent with this report and developed by the Chicago Department of Aviation is the Sustainable Airport Utility Programs, Rebates, and Incentives Manual. This update of a 2003 document was introduced in August 2009 and will include future chapters on planning Additional planning resources have been found through and O&M (Chicago Department of Aviation 2009). local utility grant and rebate programs as well as federal grants. By focusing on projects eligible for grants or rebates, WEBLINK--ADDITIONAL PLANNING some larger airports are able to reduce the vulnerability RESOURCES AIRPORT SUSTAINABILITY of planning resources and programs within the budgetary process. DATABASE (SAGA): http://www.airportsustainability.org/database Utility programs help building owners and operators make informed efficiency decisions, implement energy efficiency WEBLINK--ADDITIONAL PLANNING strategies, and aid in reducing peak loads on the utility. Typ- RESOURCES SUSTAINABLE AIRPORT MANUAL: ical utility-directed programs are an energy audit, rebates, http://www.airportsgoinggreen.org/SAM and capital incentives. Additional programs and rate arrange-