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9 ments as well as other incentives for large energy users such audits and other planning, ESCO's will also install, moni- as airports are also available (U.S. Department of the Inte- tor, and finance retrofit projects with paybacks greater than rior 2006). five years. Rebate offerings vary greatly among utility companies An excellent initial resource for state, utility, and other and by location. Some improvements that may qualify include incentive programs is the Financial Incentives for Energy energy efficient chillers, lighting, lighting occupancy sen- Efficiency table compiled by the Database of State Incentives sors, air conditioners, duct inspections/repair, solar window for Renewable and Efficiencies (see Figure 2). film, ceiling and wall insulation upgrades, motors, refrigera- tion equipment, heat recovery systems, and heat pump water WEBLINK--FINANCIAL INCENTIVES heaters. DSIRE--Financial Incentives for Energy Efficiency: http://www.dsireusa.org/summarytables/finee.cfm. Interviewees stressed the importance of building a strong relationship with the local energy provider or utility as a key strategy for identifying energy efficiency programs. PLANNING STRATEGIES SUMMARY From data collected, the following strategies were discussed Box 4 Retroactive Utility Rebates for planning energy efficiency practices. Utility companies often require commercial customers to Consider energy efficiency in long-range plans. apply for rebates during the planning stages of larger pro- Consider energy efficiency every day in O&M. jects. MSP has worked closely with its local electrical utility, Create a separate sustainability plan. Xcel Energy, to develop a Joint Efficiency Agreement Pro- Include energy efficiency and feasibility studies in every gram that allows rebates to be applied for and received project. retroactively. The advantage of this program is that it allows Knowledge resources for planning energy efficiency proj- projects to be fully developed before starting these discus- ects include other airport managers, consultants, local sions, and the final installation can be evaluated for rebate ordinances, utility programs, and national standards. eligibility. It also allows smaller projects that may have been Primary funding resources for planning may be allo- passed over to be reconsidered and not eliminated as a result cated in budgets but also can be found in utility grants of a procedural timeline. and as a requirement of basic consultant services. Consider phased implementation or departmental prior- itization to focus limited budgets. Use utility audits, O&M data, and commissioning to ESCO Performance Contracts develop a list of energy efficiency projects. Search out utility programs for no-cost audits. Energy service companies provide a range of services related to Test improvement projects at a small scale to plan for improving energy efficiency and reducing maintenance costs larger scale implementation. for facilities. Services are performance-based, with compen- Enforce efficiency with tenant and airport design sation relating directly to energy saved. In addition to energy standards.

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10 FIGURE 2 DSIRE website heading.