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31 Table 3-3. Vehicle operator pay rates by type of entity and type of service (67 responses total). Public Transit Agencies Private Providers Paratransit Fixed Route Paratransit Fixed Route Operators Operators Operators Operators Training Wage Range $4.80-$14.19 $5.15-$16.79 $7-$15 $7-$13.69 Average $9.81 $10.77 $8.93 $9.13 Starting Wage Range $9.50-$15.77 $9-$19.51 $7-$14.06 $8.15-$15.14 Average $12.06 $12.65 $10.47 $11.39 Maximum Wage Range $11.81-$23.74 $12.27-$24.93 $7.90-$20 $9.15-$19.79 Average $16.88 $18.59 $14.14 $14.94 As shown in Table 3-3, ADA paratransit vehicle operator pay differentials for part-time work, split shifts, or evening training wages ranged from $4.80 to $15, while fixed-route and weekend work assignments. Sixty respondents provided vehicle operator training wages were slightly higher, ranging this requested information. This included 21 public transit from $5.15 to $16.79. Public entities reported slightly higher agencies that operate service directly and 39 private contractors. average training wages ($9.81 average for paratransit and Table 3-4 shows the responses. $10.77 average for fixed route) compared to private com- Only eight systems reported using pay differentials--two panies ($8.93 average for paratransit and $9.13 average for public transit agencies and six private contractors. The six pri- fixed route). vate contractors indicated that pay differentials were only used ADA paratransit vehicle operator starting wages ranged in ADA paratransit operations. One of the two public agencies from $7 to $15.77, and fixed-route vehicle operator starting also only used pay differentials for ADA paratransit. The other wages ranged from $8.15 to $19.51. Public entities reported public agency used pay differentials in both ADA paratransit higher average starting wages ($12.06 average for paratransit and fixed-route operations. Only one system used pay differ- and $12.65 average for fixed route) compared to private com- entials for part-time work. And only one system used pay dif- panies ($10.47 average for paratransit and $11.39 average for ferentials for split shifts. Seven systems used pay differentials fixed route). for evening and weekend work. One of these seven stated that ADA paratransit vehicle operator maximum wages ranged an extra $1.50 per hour is paid to vehicle operators who work from $7.90 to $23.74, and fixed-route vehicle operator max- Saturdays and double pay is provided for work on holidays. A imum wages ranged from $9.15 to $24.93. Public entities second respondent stated that an extra 15% is paid for night reported higher average maximum wages ($16.88 average for work. One respondent who indicated that pay differentials paratransit and $18.59 average for fixed route) compared to were not currently in use noted, "unions would agree to vari- private companies ($14.14 average for paratransit and $14.94 able pay rates." average for fixed route). Impact of Wages on Turnover Use of Pay Differentials To determine if there was a relationship between vehicle Survey respondents were also asked if they used hourly pay operator turnover and the amount of wages paid, these two differentials to compensate vehicle operators for "less desir- data elements were charted. Figure 3-8 shows the result of this able" work assignments. Respondents were asked if they used cross-tabulation. Starting wages for ADA paratransit vehicle Table 3-4. Use of pay differentials by public transit agencies and private contractors. Public Transit Private Total Agencies Contractors Total Responses 21 39 60 Use pay differentials for part-time 1 0 1 work Use pay differentials for split shifts 1 0 1 Use pay differentials for evening and 1 6 7 weekend work