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34 operators with paid vacations. Part-time fixed-route opera- responded, paid holidays from 71% of the private contrac- tors received paid holidays from 14% of the public agencies, tors, did not receive individual or family health care benefits individual health care benefits from 29% of the public agen- from any of the private companies that responded, and long- cies, family health care benefits from 21% of the public agen- term disability benefits, paid sick leave, and retirement bene- cies, long-term disability benefits from 7% of the public fits from 14% of the private contractors. agencies, paid sick leave from 14% of the public agencies, and retirement benefits from 36% of the public agencies. Level of Fringe Benefits Provided In most cases, private companies provided these benefits with slightly less frequency--except for part-time paratransit Tables 3-8 and 3-9 provide more detailed information operators, who received certain benefits more often under about the level of benefits provided. Table 3-8 shows the private contractors. Full-time paratransit operators received number of paid vacation days and holidays provided to paid vacations from 68% of the private contractors that full-time and part-time paratransit and fixed-route vehicle responded, paid holidays from 93% of the private contrac- operators. Table 3-9 shows the percent contribution tors, individual health care benefits from 75% of the private required from employees for individual and family health contractors, family health care benefits from 68% of the pri- care coverage. vate contractors, long-term disability benefits from 34% of As shown in Table 3-8, few public transit agencies provided the private contractors, paid sick leave from 54% of the pri- paid vacation days to starting part-time paratransit opera- vate contractors, and retirement benefits from 57% of the pri- tors--on average, they received about 0.5 days per year. Full- vate contractors. Part-time operators received paid vacations time paratransit operators received, on average, about 5.5 days from 27% of the private contractors that responded, paid hol- per year of paid vacation. None of the responding public idays from 44% of the private contractors, individual health agencies indicated that starting part-time fixed-route oper- care benefits from 19% of the private contractors, family health ators receive paid vacations, and starting full-time fixed- care benefits from 19% of the private contractors, long-term route operators received about 5.3 paid vacation days per disability benefits from 8% of the private contractors, paid year. More private contractors provided paid vacation to sick leave from 27% of the private contractors, and retire- starting part-time paratransit operators--on average, they ment benefits from 35% of the private contractors. received about 1.2 days per year. Private contractors pro- Fixed-route operators working under private contractors vided an average of 4.0 days per year of paid vacation to did not fare as well in terms of benefits as their public employee starting full-time paratransit operators (slightly lower than counterparts. Full-time fixed-route operators received paid public agencies). These same private contractors indicated vacations from 67% of the private contractors that responded, that few starting part-time fixed-route operators receive paid holidays from 100% of the private companies, individ- paid vacation days--on average, they received only 0.1 paid ual health care benefits from 67% of the private contractors, vacation day per year. Starting full-time fixed-route opera- family health care benefits from 56%, long-term disability tors receive about 4.0 paid vacation days (the same as full- benefits from 22%, paid sick leave from 56%, and retirement time paratransit operators). benefits from 56%. Part-time fixed-route operators received It is important to note that several private contractors indi- paid vacations from 14% of the private contractors that cated that vacation time for vehicle operators does not begin Table 3-8. Days of paid vacation and holidays per year for ADA paratransit and fixed-route vehicle operators, public and private entities. Days of Vacation and Holidays per Year, by Provider, Service Type, and Employment Status Public Transit Agencies Private Providers Paratransit Operators Fixed Route Operators Paratransit Operators Fixed Route Operators 23 Responses Received 17 Responses Received 44 Responses Received 9 Responses Received Part-time Full-time Part-time Full-time Part-time Full-time Part-time Full-time Starting Vacation Range 0-7 1 - 12 n/a 1 - 12 1 - 12 1 - 12 0-1 1 -15 Average 0.5 5.5 0.0 5.3 1.2 4.0 0.1 4.0 Maximum Vacation Range 0-15 0-25 0-6 0-30 0-25 0-25 0-5 5 to 25 Average 1.4 15.8 0.5 18.4 3.1 15.2 0.7 14.4 Holidays Range 0-8 0-13 0-9 6 - 12 0-11 0-11 0-8 6-9 Average 0.9 9.2 0.9 9.8 3.2 6.9 4.0 7.0