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98 Prioritize Efforts --The level of effort given to a par- Construct a State Highway Approach." After construction ticular review should be commensurate with the safety of the approach, ODOT inspects it and, if approved, issues and mobility impacts of the access. Access related to a "Permit to Maintain, Operate and Use a State Highway higher-volume development, and access to high-volume Approach." The CHAMPS database is used by ODOT per- arterials and interregional corridors, should be given mit specialists to assist in the daily organization and man- the greatest degree of analysis in search of the best agement of these activities. alternative. The greatest scrutiny should be given to access that has the greatest potential to affect highway The master CHAMPS database resides on ODOT's cen- safety and mobility. For this reason, low-volume access tral application server, and can be accessed locally by ODOT and access to lower-order roads generally receives a permit specialists (and other authorized ODOT staff) from more routine evaluation. their desktop workstations through the agency's intranet. Permit Conditions Must Be Legally Defensible and The CHAMPS system allows permit specialists to complete Enforceable --While the best access option will vary the following: with each specific situation, all decisions must be based in MnDOT's legal authority to regulate access, consti- Initiate, deny, or void new access permit applications tutional protections of property rights, and the consis- Open, view, update, and save existing "in-process" tent application of guidelines. All conditions imposed permit applications by regulatory permit must be enforceable. The LGU or Identify and update permit review and approval status applicant must have the reasonable ability to comply Record the results of field inspections with all conditions of a permit. Amend or cancel existing permits Generate formal letters for typical access-related actions using standardized templates Oregon Department Of Transportation's Issue new permits to applicants Automated Permit Database (Champs) Figure 57 shows the Application/Permit Window from The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) has the CHAMPS database. developed and implemented a statewide online access per- mit database called CHAMPS (Central Highway Approach/ CHAMPS allows users to search the database for indi- Maintenance Permit System) for use by ODOT permit spe- vidual access permits, or groups of permits, using specific cialists (85). The purpose of CHAMPS is to consistently screening criteria such as highway number, applicant name, manage the application and permit records and processes or permit specialist name. Summary reports can be prepared used by ODOT permit specialists located across the state. and printed. Through ongoing inventory and permitting activity, each approach road and driveway connecting to the state highway system--including those that existed before the permitting Louisiana Department Of Transportation And process was implemented, and those constructed as part of Development's Traffic Impact Study Policy a private development or an ODOT construction project-- And Process are recorded and tracked in CHAMPS. Through an exten- sive array of capabilities and features, the CHAMPS system The TIS policy (see Figure 58) developed by the Louisi- enhances uniformity in the permit application, review, and ana Department of Transportation and Land Development approval process. Figure 56 shows one of the main CHAMPS (LADOTD) was developed to ensure that requests for new windows. access are evaluated in a consistent manner by using objec- tive data to facilitate decision making (87 ). Individuals or entities desiring access to a state highway must submit an "Application for State Highway Approach" The policy applies to requests for access associated with to an ODOT District Office. The District Office reviews new businesses and subdivisions (and incremental additions, the application and notifies the applicant of any additional if the addition was not part of the full build-out) or any devel- documents required to continue the application process. opment that will generate more than 100 additional peak hour Once ODOT approves a completed application, including peak direction trips. The policy does not apply to requests construction drawings and plans, it issues a "Preliminary for access to interstates, freeways, expressways or any other Construction Specification," if construction is required. controlled access facilities, or to individuals requesting sin- The applicant reviews the specifications document, signs gle-family residential access. The TIS is intended to provide the document, and returns it to the District Office with developers and the department with the information needed proof of liability insurance and bond or cash deposit. Once to make sound traffic management decisions regarding opera- ODOT receives these documents, it issues the "Permit to tions and safety. The TIS process is as follows:

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99 FIGURE 56 Example of main CHAMPS window. Source: CHAMPS User Guide, Version 2.11 (86, p. 9). FIGURE 57 CHAMPS application/permit window. Source: CHAMPS User Guide, Version 2.11 (86, p. 58).

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100 2. Table of Contents (including List of Figures and List of Tables) 3. Introduction, including the following: Description of the proposed development Location of the project Site plan, including all direct or indirect access to state highways Circulation network, including all direct or indirect access to state highways Land use and zoning Sequence of construction including proposed dates of project (phase) completion Project sponsor and contact person References to other traffic impact studies Summaries of alternative site configurations that were evaluated 4. Traffic Information, including the following: Clearly stated assumptions. Existing morning and afternoon peak-period traffic volumes of the adjacent street. Some developments have peak traffic time periods that differ from the peak period of the adjacent street. In this case, in addi- tion to the morning and afternoon peak periods of the adjacent street, existing traffic counts taken during FIGURE 58 Cover of Louisiana DOTD traffic impact study the peak traffic time periods of the proposed devel- policy. Source: Louisiana Department of Transportation and opment must also be taken. All traffic counts will Development. include turning movements, existing roadway geom- etry, including storage lengths, and traffic controls. Preapplication meeting--During the preliminary site Existing plus generated morning and afternoon peak- layout stage (before the developer's request for an access period traffic volumes of the adjacent street and--if the permit), the applicant meets with the District Office (dis- development has a peak time period different than the trict traffic operations engineer and district permit special- adjacent street--the peak period of the traffic genera- ist) to discuss whether a TIS is needed, and if so, what are tor (including turning movements) without roadway the department's expectations and standards. The applicant improvements. Existing roadway geometry, including is requested to provide a projection of the site's trip genera- storage lengths and traffic controls are used. tion. A preapplication meeting is required for any proposed Existing plus generated morning and afternoon development that may require access onto a state highway, peak-period traffic volumes of the adjacent street and or is located within 0.25 mi of a state highway and may the peak period of the generator (including turning generate traffic on the state highway. If a TIS is determined movements) with proposed roadway improvements, to be needed, the district traffic operations engineer will and proposed roadway geometry, including storage inform the headquarters traffic impact engineer of the lengths, and traffic controls. requirement, and District Office staff will provide the Project trip generation, including references. applicant with the roadway classification and access clas- Project-generated trip distribution and assignment. sification. The applicant may be required to conduct traffic Level-of-service (LOS) and warrant analyses-- counts or use traffic counts provided by the department. existing conditions, cumulative conditions, and Preparation of a TIS --According to the policy, the full build of general plan conditions (for all peak TIS must be prepared by a currently licensed engineer periods). (or qualified person under the supervision of a licensed engineer) and must be sealed by the engineer. The TIS 5. Conclusions and recommendations, including the should include the following items, at a minimum: following: LOS and appropriate Measure of Effectiveness 1. Executive Summary (MOE) data, such as delay time, in accordance with the latest version of the Highway Capacity Manual,