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90 Table 30. Airline passenger access mode applicability for the employee commute. Access Mode Applicability for Employee Commute Private Automobile: Drive and Park Preferred mode at many airports (typically as a single occupant) Private Automobile: Dropped Off and Picked Up Unlikely Rental Car Cost prohibitive (and requires a parking space) Taxicab Cost prohibitive Single-Party Limousine Cost prohibitive Shared-Ride Van Cost prohibitive Privately Operated Bus Cost prohibitive without employee discounts Public Transportation Use depends on schedules, geographic coverage, and relative cost compared to parking Source: DMR Consulting, November 2009. Increase Capacity parking facilities among employees to balance facility demand. For example, employees who use a constrained facility could An airport operator may increase the employee parking sup- be reassigned to an unconstrained facility. Alternatively, all ply to accommodate demand either through the addition of employees could be reassigned to balance parking facility use. permanent spaces or the temporary reallocation or reassign- In reassigning parking facilities, the airport operator may ment of another parking facility or available parcel of land to consider the proximity of employee parking to employee employee parking on an as-needed basis. work locations to ensure the efficiency of transportation (if shuttle bus service is required) between work locations and Consolidate the Parking Supply parking facilities. If an airport's employee parking supply is provided in more than one location, the airport operator may consolidate some, Adjust Parking Rates or all, of its employee parking supply. The purpose of this strat- egy is to improve the use of employee parking facilities and An airport operator may adjust parking rates in an attempt reduce operating costs (e.g., shuttle busing, access control) to balance demand among facilities if the airport employee associated with serving multiple parking facilities. This strategy parking supply is provided in more than one location and should be considered if better facility use or cost savings could some facilities are constrained while others have excess be achieved by consolidation. capacity. Rates would be adjusted so that the constrained facilities are priced higher than the unconstrained facilities to provide a price differential as a disincentive for parking Reassign Parking Facilities in the constrained facility. Consideration might be given to If an airport's employee parking supply is provided in more how parking rates in each facility relate to the price of a than one location and some facilities are constrained while monthly transit pass, if transit is a viable commute option others have excess capacity, an airport operator can reassign for employees. Employee Parking at McCarran International Airport Over 20,300 employees work at McCarran International Airport (LAS), which includes 1,200 employees in the Clark County Department of Aviation (the operator of LAS). The Department of Aviation provides a total of 3,800 parking spaces for employees. The employee parking system is constrained at LAS. Approximately 3,250 of the spaces dedicated for employee parking are pro- vided in Terminal 1 and the remainder of the available employee parking spaces is provided in Ter- minal 2. The Department of Aviation addresses the constraints by making use of its ample passenger economy lot for employees if needed. Employees using the public lots are charged a reduced rate. (3)