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3 CHAPTER 2 Framework for Analysis of Airport Roadways and Curbsides On-airport roadways are a unique class of roadways. Un- 1. Private vehicles. Privately owned and operated vehicles familiar drivers mix with significant numbers of professionally consist of automobiles, vans, pickup trucks, and motor- driven large vans and buses; entrances and exits at major air- cycles used to transport airline passengers, visitors, and ports operate at near-freeway conditions, while curbside road- employees of the airport operator, airlines, and other air- ways operate at much slower speeds, as drivers attempt to port tenants. Motorists transporting airline passengers in maneuver into and out of curbside spaces. Double and triple private vehicles may use the curbside areas, parking facili- parking and jaywalking frequently occur on curbside roadways ties (including cell phone lots), or both. despite the visible presence of traffic enforcement officers. 2. Rental cars. Rental vehicles, including automobiles and Standard highway capacity analysis procedures can address vans, used to transport airline passengers or visitors, are some aspects of these conditions, but not the full spectrum of rented by passengers or visitors from rental car compa- operating conditions that exist on airport terminal area and nies doing business on or near the airport for the duration curbside roadways. The various users and types of airport of the passengers' or visitors' trips. Rental car customers roadways and curbsides, and their unique operating character- may use the curbside areas, rental car ready and return istics are described in this chapter. Overviews of (1) the hierar- areas, or both. chy of methods for analyzing airport roadway and curbside 3. On-demand taxicabs. Taxicabs provide door-to-door operations and (2) roadway capacity and level-of-service con- service without prior reservations, which is typically exclu- cepts also are presented. sive (i.e., for a single party) and provided in vehicles capa- ble of transporting five passengers plus their baggage. These vehicles are typically licensed and regulated by a Users of Airport Roadways municipal taxicab authority. Typically, on-demand taxi- Airport roadways provide access to and from the multi- cabs wait for deplaning passengers at a taxicab stand (or ple land uses on an airport. These roadways serve vehicles in a taxicab queue) at the curbside area next to the bag- transporting airline passengers and visitors (in this Guide, gage claim area. At large airports, taxicabs may wait in a "visitors" refers to meeters, greeters, and well-wishers accom- remotely located taxicab holding or staging area until they panying or greeting airline passengers), employees of the are dispatched to the curbside taxicab stand in response to airlines and other airport tenants, air cargo and mail, as well customer demand. as vehicles used for the delivery of goods and services, main- 4. Pre-reserved taxicabs. Pre-reserved taxicab service is tenance, to support airport operations or construction, and exclusive, door-to-door transportation provided in vehi- other purposes. cles capable of transporting up to five customers plus their A multitude of vehicle types use airport roadways. They baggage. Rather than being provided on demand, as tra- include private vehicles, rental cars, on-demand and pre- ditional taxicab service, pre-reserved taxicabs are pro- reserved taxicabs, prearranged and on-demand limousines or vided in response to prior reservations made by airline Town Cars, door-to-door vans, courtesy vehicles, charter passengers seeking to be picked up by a specific company buses, scheduled buses, and service and delivery vehicles. Each or driver, including suburban taxicabs not regulated by vehicle/user type has its own special characteristics and affects the municipal taxicab authority. Passengers with special airport roadway operations differently, as described below. needs, such as those with skis, golf clubs, large amounts of