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Airport Owner/Sponsor Role 33 piece in the inventory analysis is the land that the airport owns and controls, the airport sponsor needs also to be aware of any key infrastructure or features Land and infrastructure develop- immediately surrounding the airport such as access roads, utilities, industrial ment can be a risky venture for parks, vacant land available for development, and any associated zoning reg- public entities not specializing in ulations. Again, the availability of such infrastructure inventory information these aspects. Having a detailed will assist the airport and community stakeholders in marketing and promot- and consistent Land Use Plan can ing the airport to potential tenants and developers. help minimize these risks by allow- ing for long-term planning and 3.1.3 Land Use Plan phasing of development projects. With intentions of facilitating com- Establishing and aligning the long-term development goals of the airport and mercial and industrial development community with potential tenants is a key function of the airport sponsor and around the airport, Pittsburgh a Land Use Plan provides the map where each type of development will occur International Airport initiated a (e.g., aeronautical versus nonaeronautical use). Not all potential lease agree- phased commerce park develop- ments fit within the overall goals and direction of the airport or the commu- ment program on land not suit- nity; this can be especially true of nonaeronautical land uses because of the need able for aeronautical use. With a to develop aviation-compatible projects within close proximity of the airport. detailed plan in hand, the airport When noncompatible land uses exist, such as those outlined in Advisory Cir- pursued grant funds for infrastruc- cular 150/5020-1, Noise Control and Compatibility Planning for Airports, and/or ture and civil site development Advisory Circular 150/5200-33B, Hazardous Wildlife Attractants On or Near consistent with its established Airports, operational conflicts can arise that either compromise safety or com- development goals. This approach promise the long-term opportunities that exist for the airport. has resulted in the construction of A Land Use Plan for a portion of, or for the entire airport, is an excellent more than 2,000 feet of roadway, visioning tool for the airport sponsor to utilize. Land Use Plans can be a valu- utilities, and other infrastructure able resource in outlining general characteristics of the land on and around the that was essential to the eventual airport, often complementing and/or augmenting a comprehensive planning marketing and leasing of the model used by public entities. Land Use Plans are instrumental in identifying commerce park. types of uses on or around the airport and can be referenced for compatibility. Non-compatible land uses such as residential development, for example, should not be in close proximity to runway ends. Similarly, compatible land use such as industrial, may illustrate an opportunity for similar on-airport development, whether it's aeronautical or non-aeronautical. Land Use Plans are also routinely used to augment ALPs by adding detail to a specific area. An ALP may, for example, show an area of industrial development, whereas a Land Use Plan may take that same area and go into the detail of utility infrastructure, existing and proposed road- ways, example pad sites, and/or differentiation of development type within the subject area. 3.1.4 Airport Business Plan In addition to aligning airport goals with those of the community, the airport sponsor must ensure the airport remains a viable economic entity as it moves forward with development. An Air- port Business Plan is an excellent tool to achieve this goal. A successful Airport Business Plan will examine both the market-driven realities of the airport's community as well as the financial situa- tion in which it is operating. The airport sponsor must be able to identify anticipated airport demand within its market area (or catchment area) in relation to competing airports while simul- taneously identifying areas in which the airport can maximize its revenue while meeting current and forecasted demand. In order to accomplish these goals, an Airport Business Plan must exam- ine several facets of the airport and its surrounding community, including airport facilities and services (current and planned), population and economic growth, surrounding airports, airport lease policy, rates and charges, financing availability/sources, and land use planning among other