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126 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies Purpose and Supporting Resources for Action Reference Matrix Table 9 is the same as the Detailed Self-Assessment Matrix above for the first three columns, but the following columns replace the rest of the full matrix: Purpose: a brief objective-oriented statement of the supporting actions from above. Supporting Resources: links to websites for additional information. NOTE: all links accessed April 2010.

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Resource Guide 127 Table 9. Purpose and supporting resources for action reference matrix. STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES PLAN 1. Form a PLAN-01 Identify and designate Designate the best-qualified Comprehensive Preparedness Guide, CPG 101, Developing collaborative a lead Emergency individual and team to lead the and Maintaining State, Territorial, Tribal, and Local Government planning team. Planning Coordinator agency's emergency planning Emergency Plans, (EPC) and team for function. http://www.fema.gov/about/divisions/cpg.shtm the state NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation transportation agency. Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs PLAN-02 Establish authority. Ensure the agency's EPC and team FEMA National Response Framework Resource Center, have adequate authority to perform http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/mainindex.htm the emergency planning function. PLAN-03 Issue a Mission Clarify the purpose of the agency's Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with Statement. emergency planning function. Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_evac _primer.htm PLAN-04 Establish a schedule Ensure the agency's EPC and team NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation and budget. have adequate resources and Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs schedule to perform the emergency planning function. FEMA, Step 1--Establish a Team, http://www.fema.gov/business/guide/section1a.shtm 2. Conduct PLAN-05 Identify documents to Clarify the scope of the agency's Overview: ESF and Support Annexes: Coordinating Federal research and be developed, emergency planning process and Assistance in Support of the National Response Framework, analyze data. reviewed, approved, the expected deliverables and http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-overview.pdf and/or updated outcomes. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation regarding the state Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs transportation agency's emergency response plans and programs. Final Report for the Application of Technology to Transportation Include not only the Operations in Biohazard Situations, transportation-related http://www.its.dot.gov/eto/docs/transops_biohazard/executive. elements of the State htm Emergency Operations Plan (SEOP), but also any specific plans, guidance, overviews documents, standard operating procedures (SOPs), operating manuals, field operations guides (FOGs), handbooks, or job aids needed to support the capabilities of agency personnel to respond to emergencies. PLAN-06 Work with the State Ensure compliance and Simplified Guide to the Incident Command System for National Incident coordination with statewide Transportation Professionals, Management System initiatives to meet NIMS http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ics_guide/index.htm (NIMS) Coordinator to requirements. State NIMS Integration: Integrating the National Incident identify state Management System into State Emergency Operations Centers transportation agency and Standard Operating Plans, requirements for http://www.fema.gov/pdf/nims/eop-sop_state_online.pdf addressing statewide implementation of NIMS Implementation and Compliance Guidance for NIMS. If necessary, Stakeholders, provide NIMS training http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/ImplementationGuidance for the agency Stakeholders.shtm Emergency Planning Coordinator and team. NIMS Resource Center, Training, http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/nims_training.shtm National Incident Management System, http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-nims.pdf PLAN-07 Review the State EOP Determine how the State NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation and supporting EOP/supporting documents Operations: search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs annexes and currently address transportation appendices and other issues, requirements, and needs. The Public Transportation System Security and Emergency documents for Preparedness Planning Guide, http://transit- transportation-related safety.volpe.dot.gov/publications/security/PlanningGuide.pdf activities. TCRP Report 86, Vol. 7, Public Transportation Emergency Mobilization and Emergency Operations Guide, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs (continued on next page)

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128 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES PLAN PLAN-08 Review the relevant Identify and assess the relevant National Infrastructure Protection Plan, hazards likely to result hazards for the agency and state. http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/editorial_0827.shtm in an emergency NOTE: Hazard maps are available NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 12: Making Transportation Tunnels requiring activation of in compilations of hazard Safe and Secure, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs the State Emergency information made by FEMA and Operations Center NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 11, Disruption Impact Estimating state emergency management (EOC). Tool--Transportation (DIETT): A Tool for Prioritizing High-Value agencies, the U.S. Geological Transportation Choke Points, search for title at Survey (USGS) and State www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs geological surveys, and the National Weather Service (NWS) NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 10, A Guide to Transportation's Role and its local offices. Maps from the in Public Health Disasters, search for title at Federal Insurance Administration www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs (FIA), maps of 10- and 50-mile emergency planning zones (EPZs) NCHRP Report 525, Volume 15, Costing Asset Protection: around nuclear power plants, and An All Hazards Guide for Transportation Agencies (CAPTA), any maps of hazardous materials search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs (HAZMAT) sites prepared by Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) may also be useful. PLAN-09 Gather information Identify issues and requirements Emergency Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities, regarding vulnerable associated with vulnerable http://www.dotcr.ost.dot.gov/asp/emergencyprep.asp populations. populations. EMI Course G197, Emergency Planning & Special Needs Population, http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/STCourses/crsdesc.asp?cours eid=G197 2. Conduct PLAN-10 Determine the status of Assess what still needs to be done. National Preparedness Guidelines, 2007, research and state transportation http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/National_Preparedness analyze data agency emergency _Guidelines.pdf (continued). planning activities to Emergency Support Functions: Introduction, date and identify areas http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-annexes-all.pdf in need of improvement. PLAN-11 Define response Ensure coordination with DHS and National Preparedness Guidelines, 2007, issues, roles, and FEMA guidance. http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/National_Preparedness tasks by reviewing the _Guidelines.pdf Universal Task List (UTL), Target Capabilities List (TCL), Resource Typing List, and the National Planning Scenarios (NPS). PLAN-12 Based on the activities Ensure that an incident Simplified Guide to the Incident Command System for identified in the State management organization, Transportation Professionals, EOP and supporting compliant with NIMS, has been http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ics_guide/index.htm annexes and established to integrate state appendices, transportation personnel into the develop/update the Incident Command System (ICS) to state transportation be used during emergencies agency's requiring activation of the state Transportation EOC. Incident Management Organization to ensure all activities are conducted pursuant to NIMS and NRF requirements. 3. Determine PLAN-13 Establish operational Clarify what constitutes success NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation goals and priorities, response regarding the agency's response to Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs objectives. goals, and the range of emergencies that could intermediate occur resulting from the hazards objectives for the state identified for the state. transportation agency in response to the hazards identified and the existing State EOP and supporting documents, as well as new challenges identified during the analysis process.

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Resource Guide 129 Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES PLAN 4. Develop and PLAN-14 Use scenario-based, Use a formal process for building Guide for Updating Highway Emergency Response Plans for analyze courses functional, and relationships among the occurrence Terrorist Incidents, of action and capabilities-based of hazards, decision points, and http://freight.transportation.org/doc/NCHRP_A.pdf identify planning to depict how response actions. Section 1: Step--2 Analyzing Capabilities and Hazards resources. the state http://www.fema.gov/business/guide/section1b.shtm transportation agency's response to TCRP Report 86, Vol. 10, Hazard and Security Plan Workshop: a range of emergency Instructor Guide, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs situations may unfold. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 4, A Self-Study Course on Terrorism- Related Risk Management of Highway Infrastructure, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 3, Incorporating Security into the Transportation Planning Process, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs PLAN-15 Identify the resources Ensure that adequate resources are TCRP Report 86, Vol. 10, Hazard and Security Plan Workshop: needed to support the available. Instructor Guide, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs state transportation NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 4, A Self-Study Course on Terrorism- agency's response Related Risk Management of Highway Infrastructure, search for activities. title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 3, Incorporating Security into the Transportation Planning Process, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs 5. Write the PLAN-16 Develop and/or update Complete state transportation Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning, plan. transportation-related planning inputs and deliverables for http://www.fema.gov/pdf/plan/0-prelim.pdf components of the the State EOP and supporting State EOP, functional documents. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation annexes, and hazard- Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs specific appendices. Step 3--Develop the Plan, http://www.fema.gov/business/guide/section1c.shtm PLAN-17 Develop supporting Ensure that sufficient reference NRF Resource Center, materials, including materials exist to support the http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/jobaids.htm any specific plans, training and response activities of guidance, overviews agency personnel during documents, SOPs, emergencies. operating manuals, FOGs, handbooks, or job aids needed to support the capabilities of state transportation agency personnel to respond to emergencies. 6. Approve and PLAN-18 Formally approve and Ensure adoption of plan and Step 3--Develop the Plan, implement the implement the supporting materials. http://www.fema.gov/business/guide/section1c.shtm plan. transportation-related provisions of the state and state transportation agency EOPs supporting annexes and the agency-specific supporting materials. 7. Exercise the PLAN-19 Develop a coordinated Ensure state transportation NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9, Guidelines for Transportation plan and program of training, personnel are trained in how to Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at evaluate its drills, and exercises. respond to emergencies. www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs effectiveness. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 7, System Security Awareness for Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs 8. Review, PLAN-20 Establish an ongoing Ensure that agency plans, Comprehensive Preparedness Guide, CPG 101, Developing revise, and review and procedures, and supporting and Maintaining State, Territorial, Tribal, and Local Government maintain the assessment process materials are up-to-date. Emergency Plans, plan. for the transportation- http://www.fema.gov/about/divisions/cpg.shtm related elements of NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation the state and state Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs transportation agency EOPs and supporting materials. (continued on next page)

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130 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES PREPARE 1. Develop PREPARE-01 Establish protocols Address DHS/TSA and FHWA/FTA NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 14, Security 101: A Physical Security approaches for for heightened recommendations for responding to Primer for Transportation Agencies, search for title at implementing Homeland Security elevated HSAS threat levels. www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs state Advisory System Common Issues in Emergency Transportation Operations transportation (HSAS) threat Preparedness and Response, agency roles levels. http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/etopr/common_issues/eto and p_compliance.htm responsibilities during Transit Security and Emergency Management Protection emergencies, Measures, http://transit- as specified in safety.volpe.dot.gov/publications/security/ProtectiveMeasures/ the State EOP PDF/ProtectiveMeasures.pdf and supporting annexes and Preparedness, references. http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/opssecurity/preparedness/index. htm PREPARE-02 Develop Ensure that formal plans and Catastrophic Hurricane Evacuation Plan Evaluation: A Report Memoranda of procedures are in place for mutual aid, to Congress, Chapter 5: Findings and Recommendations, Understanding/ as specified by FEMA in the National http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/hurricanevacuation/chapter5.h Agreement Response Framework and NIMS and tm (MOU/A) with other in the State EOP. Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to local and state Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, agencies regarding http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde the transportation- x.htm related elements specified in the State EOP. PREPARE-03 Develop an Develop Continuity of Operations NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 8, Continuity of Operations (COOP) approach to provide (COOP) and Continuity of Government Planning Guidelines for Transportation Agencies, search for state transportation (COG) plans to define activities that title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs agency critical must be performed if an emergency services during event affects access to essential emergencies. operating and maintenance facilities, vehicle fleets, systems, and senior management and technical personnel. PREPARE-04 Develop a state Ensure that the agency formalizes its Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to transportation approach to evacuation management, Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, agency approach including plans, policies, and http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde to procedures for evacuation/shelter-in- x.htm evacuation/shelter- place/quarantine with and without in-place/quarantine notice. Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events management. with Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva c_primer.htm Managing Pedestrians during Evacuations of Metropolitan Areas, http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/pedevac/ 2. Establish PREPARE-05 Establish internal Ensure that calling trees and Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with protocols to state transportation notification systems, including 24/7 Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning communicate agency event notification protocols, are Primer Series, with communications established to notify state http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva employees protocols. transportation agency employees c_primer.htm and the regarding emergencies, to general public. communicate with them during NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation emergencies, and to distribute Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs emergency materials in advance of NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9, Guidelines for Transportation events. Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs

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Resource Guide 131 Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES PREPARE 2. Establish PREPARE-06 Develop media Ensure that the agency has the Communicating With the Public Using ATIS During Disasters: protocols to interface and public capability to provide traveler and A Guide for Practitioners, communicate notification evacuation/shelter-in-place/quarantine http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/atis/index.htm with systems. information quickly and accurately to employees media outlets and the public. and the general public (continued). 3. Develop PREPARE-07 Establish Establish traffic management teams to NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6, Guide for Emergency Transportation plans and applicable state manage and direct traffic on highways, Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs procedures for transportation at critical intersections lacking active managing agency response signalization, and contraflow Final Report for the Application of Technology to traffic under and management operations, as needed. Transportation Operations in Biohazard Situations, emergency teams. http://www.its.dot.gov/eto/docs/transops_biohazard/executive. conditions htm PREPARE-08 Prepare traffic Perform traffic flow analyses to support Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with management emergency evacuation and response Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning performance planning. Primer Series, measures. http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva c_primer.htm PREPARE-09 Develop traffic Ensure the agency has plans and Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with management plans procedures in place for managing traffic Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning and protocols to be during emergencies requiring Primer Series, used during activation of the State EOC (e.g., pre- http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva evacuations/shelter designated traffic control points [TCPs] c_primer.htm -in- for intersections along the place/quarantines transportation corridor, alternative I-95 Corridor Coalition, and to respond to emergency response access routes, http://www.i95coalition.org/i95/Library/tabid/84/Default.aspx emergency events. emergency turnarounds, protocols for Work Zone Safety and Mobility Rule, communicating and coordinating with http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/wz/resources/final_rule.htm construction crews to support traffic control, equipment storage sites for Emergency Management Systems, pre-staging anticipated equipment, http://www.its.dot.gov/evaluation/docs_ems.htm travel-on-shoulder guidelines, closure NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9: Guidelines for Transportation and alternate route guidelines, rapid Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at vehicle and debris removal guidelines, www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs contraflow plans). Simplified Guide to the Incident Management System for Transportation Professionals, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ics_guide/index.htm Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde x.htm NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 13: A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs PREPARE-10 Coordinate with Coordinate traffic management plans Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with neighboring with neighboring jurisdictions that may Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning jurisdictions. be affected by evacuation and Primer Series, response operations. http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva c_primer.htm Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde x.htm (continued on next page)

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132 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES PREPARE 4. Develop PREPARE-11 Prepare for Ensure readiness to mobilize agency Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with mobilization mobilization of response teams, including activating Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning plans to response teams, all necessary personnel, testing all Primer Series, ensure equipment and communications equipment, fueling all http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva readiness to resources. vehicles, pre-staging supporting c_primer.htm deploy state equipment (cones, barriers, signs, transportation etc.), and implementing established I-95 Corridor Coalition, agency field capabilities to coordinate with http://www.i95coalition.org/i95/Library/tabid/84/Default.aspx personnel and local, regional, state, and federal Work Zone Safety and Mobility Rule, resources. agencies through NIMS/ICS. http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/wz/resources/final_rule.htm Emergency Management Systems, http://www.its.dot.gov/evaluation/docs_ems.htm NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9, Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs Simplified Guide to the Incident Command System for Transportation Professionals, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ics_guide/index.htm Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde x.htm NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 13: A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs PREPARE-12 Administer training Establish employee and contractor Emergency Management Institute, programs. training and exercise programs, http://training.fema.gov/EMICourses/ participate in joint multi-agency training NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9, Guidelines for Transportation and exercises, and identify and Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at provide additional training to support www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs response and evacuation activities. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 7, System Security Awareness for Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs National Transit Institute Courses, Workplace Safety and Security, http://www.ntionline.com/topic.asp?TopicArea=5 5. Ensure cost PREPARE-13 Prepare for cost Ensure processes have been tracking and accounting and developed to track resources and Mutual Aid Agreements and Assistance Agreements, accountability tracking of ensure applicable reimbursement and http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/FAQ.shtm#item2 expenditures. accountability for compliance with mutual-aid provisions.

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Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES RESPOND 1. Initiate RESPOND-01 Detect and verify Monitor the performance of the Emergency Transportation Operations, emergency emergencies. transportation network using http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/eto_tim_pse/index.htm response. surveillance systems, field personnel, National Traffic Incident Management Coalition, manual or automated information http://timcoalition.org/?siteid=41&pageid=590 sharing with local Emergency Communications Centers (ECCs)/911 ITE Traffic-Incident Management Committee, Centers, and regional transportation http://www.trafficincident.org/ organizations. RESPOND-02 Assess the status Receive reports from automated Emergency Transportation Operations, of the transportation systems, field personnel, and law http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/eto_tim_pse/index.htm infrastructure. enforcement regarding the status of National Traffic Incident Management Coalition, the transportation infrastructure. http://timcoalition.org/?siteid=41&pageid=590 ITE Traffic-Incident Management Committee, http://www.trafficincident.org/ RESPOND-03 Gain and maintain Receive notification of all declared State NIMS Integration: Integrating the National Incident situational emergencies and ensure that situation Management System into State Emergency Operating Plans awareness. reports contain verified information and Standard Operating Procedures, and explicit details (who, what, where, http://www.fema.gov/pdf/nims/eop-sop_state_online.pdf and how) related to the incident/emergency. 2. Address RESPOND-04 Coordinate Activate appropriate plans, Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events with emergency response to procedures, and protocols and Advance Notice: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning needs and emergency. mobilize available personnel, Primer Series, requests for equipment, facilities, devices, and http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva support. information to support emergency c_primer.htm response. As appropriate and/or as requested, provide field support for I-95 Corridor Coalition, emergency responders at the scene, http://www.i95coalition.org/i95/Library/tabid/84/Default.aspx integrated through the ICS, and Work Zone Safety and Mobility Rule, communicated and coordinated with http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/wz/resources/final_rule.htm the Traffic/Transportation Management Center (TMC). Emergency Management Systems, http://www.its.dot.gov/evaluation/docs_ems.htm NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9: Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs Simplified Guide to the Incident Command System for Transportation Professionals, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ics_guide/index.htm Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde x.htm RESPOND-05 Evaluate the need Coordinate requests for additional TR News May-June 2007 for additional support with appropriate jurisdictions All-Hazards Preparedness, Response, and Recovery, search assistance from following previously established for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs neighboring states, mutual-aid plans. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6: Guide for Emergency Transportation jurisdictions, and/or Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs the federal government. 3. Manage RESPOND-06 Make/support Coordinate with appropriate local, Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series: Using evacuation decision to regional and state officials regarding Highways during Notice Evacuations Operations, /shelter-in- evacuate/shelter- evacuation/shelter-in-place/quarantine http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva place/ in-place/ orders and routes. c_primer.htm quarantine. quarantine. Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde x.htm TR News, May--June 2005, Evacuation Planning, Human Factors, and Traffic Engineering: Developing Systems for Training and Effective Response, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs RESPOND-07 Issue/support Mobilize agency activation team to Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series: Using evacuation order. coordinate evacuation operations. Highways during Notice Evacuations Operations, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva c_primer.htm Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde x.htm (continued on next page)

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134 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES RESPOND 4. Implement RESPOND-08 Take response Implement emergency transportation Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series: Using emergency actions. operations activities as required (e.g., Highways during Notice Evacuations Operations, response opening/closing routes, managing http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_eva actions. traffic flow, deploying debris-removal c_primer.htm teams, activating contraflow Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to operations, coordination to ensure that Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, unmet transportation resource needs http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/inde are identified and requests for x.htm additional support are made, providing and receiving briefings, and Managing Pedestrians during Evacuations of Metropolitan supporting those with special needs). Areas, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/pedevac/index.htm FHWA, Emergency Transportation Operations, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/opssecurity/response/index.htm RESPOND-09 Deploy response Deploy personnel and field equipment NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6: Guide for Emergency Transportation teams. to implement emergency Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs transportation operations. Overview: ESF and Support Annexes, Coordinating Federal Assistance in Support of the National Response Framework, http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-overview.pdf Final Report for the Application of Technology to Transportation Operations in Biohazard Situations, http://www.its.dot.gov/eto/docs/transops_biohazard/executive. htm RESPOND-10 Communicate Disseminate appropriate information Communicating With the Public Using ATIS During Disasters: evacuation/ to employees and travelers, and A Guide for Practitioners, shelter-in- provide updates in a timely manner. http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/atis/index.htm place/quarantine order and incident management measures. 5. Continue RESPOND-11 Monitor response Monitor traffic conditions and make Emergency Transportation Operations, response. efforts. operational adjustments. http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/incidentmgmt/index.htm National Traffic Incident Management Coalition, http://timcoalition.org/?siteid=41&pageid=590 ITE, Traffic Incident-Management Committee, http://www.trafficincident.org/ RESPOND-12 Prepare for next Mobilize personnel and resources for NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6: Guide for Emergency Transportation operational period. next operational period. Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525, Vol.9: Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 7: System Security Awareness for Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs TCRP Report 86, Vol. 7: Public Transportation Emergency Mobilization and Emergency Operations Guide, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs 6. Conclude RESPOND-13 Prepare for Plan to restore normal operations. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 6: Guide for Emergency Transportation response. demobilization. Operations, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9: Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 7: System Security Awareness for Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs

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Resource Guide 135 Table 9. (Continued). STEPS PHASE: ACTION ITEM PURPOSE SUPPORTING RESOURCES RECOVER 1. Restore RECOVER-01 Restore essential Conduct damage assessments, debris Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series: traffic to services. removal, and hazardous materials Using Highways during Notice Evacuations Operations, affected disposal, and repair roads and other http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_e area. transportation facilities to restore vac_primer.htm essential services to the affected area. Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/in dex.htm RECOVER-02 Reestablish traffic Establish routes to move traffic into, Best Practices in Emergency Transportation Operations management in out of and/or around the affected area. Preparedness and Response: Results of the FHWA affected area. Coordinate traffic management with Workshop Series, restoration plans for affected http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/etopr/best_practic communities and resumption of es/etop_workshop.htm government operations and services through individual, private-sector, Emergency Transportation Operations, nongovernmental, and public http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/eto_tim_pse/index.htm assistance programs. National Traffic Incident Management Coalition, http://timcoalition.org/?siteid=41&pageid=590 ITE, Traffic-Incident Management Committee, http://www.trafficincident.org/ RECOVER-03 Reentry into Implement a phased approach to bring Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series: evacuated/ evacuated/sheltered-in- Using Highways during Notice Evacuations Operations, sheltered-in-place/ place/quarantined residents and others http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/00_e quarantined area. into the affected area. vac_primer.htm Using Highways for No-Notice Evacuations: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series, http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer_nn/in dex.htm RECOVER-04 Conduct Develop an approach to infrastructure Accelerated Bridge Construction Technologies, emergency repair/replacement and http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/accelerated/index.cfm repairs. decontamination, determining what can be done quickly and what will TCM Pooled-Fund Study, Current Projects, Recovery and require more time. Mitigation for Transportation Management Centers, http://tmcpfs.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/cfprojects/new_detail.cfm?id =79&%20new=3 EPA: Homeland Security Research, http://www.epa.gov/nhsrc/ 2. Identify RECOVER-05 Perform After- Assess response activities to NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9: Guidelines for Transportation and Action Reviews. determine what went well and where Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at implement improvements are needed. www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs lessons NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 7: System Security Awareness for learned Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs RECOVER-06 Return to Incorporate recommendations from NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 9: Guidelines for Transportation readiness. the After-Action Review into existing Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at emergency response plans and www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs procedures. NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 7: System Security Awareness for Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs

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Appendices The following appendices are contained herein: A. Guide to Using Portions of the 2002 Guide B. Emergency Response Legal Authorities C. Emergency Response Stakeholder Responsibilities D. Key Emergency Response Definitions E. Key Traffic Incident Definitions F. Intelligence Fusion Centers G. Transportation Emergency Response Effects Tracking (TERET) H. Model Emergency Operations Plans I. Policy and Procedural Memoranda and Memoranda of Understanding J. Training/Exercise Plans The following appendices are available on line on the TRB website: K. Annotated Bibliography L. Identification and Delineation of Incident Management and Large-Scale Emergency Response Functions M. NCHRP Project 20-59/Task 23 PowerPoint Presentation 136