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34 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies Supporting Resources. Simplified Guide to the Incident Command System for Transportation Professionals, http:// ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ics_guide/ics_guide.pdf Step Observations Experience teaches that the range of possible threats should not be limited to the obvious or those with a relatively high probability. No one can foresee all possibilities, but, for example, preplanned evacuation and diversion routes for all Interstates and other freeways and expressways are certainly reasonable precautions. This process requires a broad range of expertise to limit the assumptions that may be made by personnel who are inexperienced with certain hazard and threat types and responses. FEMA Publication 386-2, Understanding Your Risks: Identifying Hazards and Estimat- ing Loss, is an excellent resource for state transportation agencies looking to become more familiar with the hazard and risk assessment process (FEMA, 2001). Step Checklist To evaluate the adequacy of their research and hazard analysis processes as they pertain to emergency planning, state transportation agencies should determine whether they have Identified the documents that need to be developed, reviewed, approved, and/or updated per- taining to the agency's emergency plans and programs to clarify the scope of the agency's emergency planning process and its desired or expected outcomes. Worked with the State NIMS Coordinator to identify transportation agency requirements for addressing statewide implementation of NIMS and ensured the agency's Emergency Planning Coordinator and team, as well as all agency emergency responders, received NIMS training. Reviewed the State EOP and supporting annexes/appendices and other documents for trans- portation-related activities to determine how these documents currently address transportation issues, requirements, needs, and assets. Reviewed the relevant hazards likely to result in an emergency requiring activation of the SEOC to identify and assess the relevant hazards for the agency and state. Ensured the state transportation agency's EOP deals similarly with incidents that do not rise to the severity that requires State (or Regional) EOC activation, particularly a clear understand- ing among partners of the ICS. Gathered information pertaining to vulnerable populations to identify issues or requirements that may exist with these populations. Determined the status of agency emergency planning activities to date and identified areas needing improvement to determine what still needs to be done. Defined response issues, roles, and tasks by reviewing the Target Capabilities List, Universal Task List, Resource Typing List, and the National Planning Scenarios to ensure coordination with DHS and FEMA guidance. Based on activities identified in the State EOP, the agency has developed/updated its incident management--including its TIM--organization to ensure all activities are conducted pursuant to NIMS and NRF requirements. Step 3--Determine Goals and Objectives of Emergency Planning and Response Activities CPG 101 defines goals as ". . . broad, general statements that indicated the intended solution to problems identified by planners during the previous step" [referring here to conducting research and analyzing data]. CPG 101 also defines objectives as being ". . . more specific and identifiable actions carried out during the response. They are the things that responders have to accomplish--the things that translate into activities, implementing procedures, or operating procedures by responsible organizations" (CPG 101, 2009).