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Introduction 7 Material in the 2010 Guide connects the state agency's participation in state/regional ER community plans and its internal Emergency Operations Plan (EOP). Readers will also under- stand that responses range from the routine traffic incident--so familiar to transportation agencies--through major emergencies, to catastrophic events. The 2010 Guide also updates previous NCHRP work related to transportation, security, and emergencies. Appendix K, Annotated Bibliography, covers a number of other relevant guidance documents referenced in the 2010 Guide (Appendix K can be accessed at http://www.TRB.org/ SecurityPubs). The 2010 Guide incorporates advances made over the last decade in Traffic Incident Manage- ment (TIM); Emergency Transportation Operations, and supporting programs developed by the FHWA. These include the Strategic Highway Research Program, second generation (SHRP II); the National Traffic Incident Management Coalition (NTIMC); National Unified Goal (NUG) for Traffic Incident Management; and AASHTO's Subcommittee on Systems Operations and Management (SSOM) and SCOTSEM research programs. Finally, this is a guide, not a standard. Guide Audience Organizationally, the 2010 Guide is designed to help state transportation agency program- level managers and their counterparts at other levels of government plan, organize, staff, train, exercise, manage, implement, and fund preparations to carry out their emergency response responsibilities. These include the primary and supporting agencies identified in each state's Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) under Emergency Support Function (ESF) #1Transportation. These responsibilities include all transportation modes that are under state control or influence and those functions agencies perform to support multi-state, state, and local emergencies. Often the state transportation agency, including its headquarters, divisions/districts, depart- ments and bureaus, and/or transportation management centers (TMCs), is the lead ESF #1 agency. Support agencies to ESF #1 often include state patrol and other law enforcement agencies, State National Guard/Department of Military Affairs, and the State Emergency Management Agency. Other state transportation agencies involved could include turnpike and toll, state railroad, and port authorities and waterway agencies (if not part of the transportation agency); civil aviation authority (if not part of the transportation agency); and state pipeline authorities. Other state department-level involvement could include education (school buses and school shelters), agri- culture, corrections, and environmental protection. How individual transportation agencies use the 2010 Guide will depend on their current levels of ER planning: Agencies that have no EOP in place. These agencies will find that the 2010 Guide covers the entire gamut of ER planning, but as the scope can be complex, the Guide includes suggestions for prioritizing ER planning requirements. Agencies that have some EOPs within the larger EM community and/or at the agency level. Aimed primarily at this group, the 2010 Guide provides a mechanism for identifying gaps in the planning process and the plans themselves and can help agencies prioritize the needed improvements. Agencies that have very comprehensive interagency EOPs that fully comply with all national policies and recommended guidelines. The 2010 Guide serves as a double check. It is important to stress that not all actions suggested in this 2010 Guide will be the responsibility of the state/territorial/tribal transportation agency; in some states, these may be the responsibility