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82 A Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies This may include activating support contracts and services in advance of a predicted shortage of resources. Interstate support agreements can help considerably in this regard. For example, a hurricane might destroy hundreds of traffic signal assemblies, but if multiple states in com- monly threatened areas stockpile replacement assemblies, they can be deployed more quickly than buying new ones from the vendors. Step Checklist To evaluate the state transportation agency's processes and capabilities for providing contin- uing response support, the agency must consider its ability to Monitor response efforts and traffic conditions and make operation adjustments as necessary. Assess the capability to prepare for the next operational period to mobilize personnel and resources during continuing response efforts. Maintain sufficient resource stocks, or have the ability to obtain additional resources as nec- essary, to continue supporting the response effort. Step 6--Conclude Response Actions As the emergency response effort concludes, state transportation agencies must prepare to demobilize emergency responders and equipment and restore normal operations. This requires not only transporting emergency responders back from the emergency scene, but also preparing for the recovery process (discussed in the next section). The final phase of the RESPOND step is described below. RESPOND Phase 13: Prepare for Demobilization Purpose. Plan for restoration to normal operations. Actions. Prepare to restore normal activities. Ensure that provisions exist to address and vali- date the safe return of resources to their original locations. Develop processes for tracking resources and ensuring applicable reimbursement. Develop plans to ensure responder safety during demo- bilization efforts. Ensure accountability for compliance with mutual-aid provisions. Supporting Resources. NCHRP Web-Only Document 73: Emergency Transportation Operations: Resources Guide for NCHRP Report 525, Volume 6: search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525: Surface Transportation Security, Volume 9: Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs NCHRP Report 525: Surface Transportation Security, Volume 7: System Security Awareness for Transportation Employees, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs ACRP Report 22: Helping Airport and Air Carrier Employees Cope with Traumatic Events, search for title at www.TRB.org/SecurityPubs Step Observations To support demobilization of emergency response teams and equipment, the state transporta- tion agency must again be capable of identifying exit routes from the scene and ensuring suffi- cient transportation resources are provided to complete the demobilization effort. Step Checklist To evaluate the state transportation agency's processes and capabilities for supporting the con- clusion of response activities, the agency should consider whether it could Prepare for demobilization efforts and restore normal operations.