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CHAPTER 4 General Aviation General aviation contracts relate to fixed-base operations, hangar leases, tie-down agree- ments, and, in some cases, land leases, non-aviation development, and through-the-fence arrangements. 4.1 Minimum Standards For airports or airport systems with significant general aviation activity, a large variety of busi- nesses and operations, and frequent entry and exit from the airport, it may be logical to stan- dardize the requirements for airport tenants and users in a Minimum Standards document. Minimum standards can be defined as those provisions that allow airport tenants to operate on a level through which quality, selection, and service goals are met. These standards also dictate an airport's responsibilities toward those standards and, therefore, help govern future development. Each airport's unique nature calls for distinct requirements, and airport staff and tenants should be involved in developing the minimum standards so as to produce a more receptive, tenant- and user-friendly environment. During the standards writing process, it is important to consider Exclusive Rights (Advisory Circular 5190/150.6, dated 1/04/2007), which expounds on limitations at federally obligated air- ports granting exclusive rights to conduct activities, with the objective being the preservation of competitive enterprise for public benefit. In addition, a few prime components to include in minimum standards would be definitions of operators, services, and activities; hours of opera- tions; staffing; employee training; facility requirements; and insurance requirements. In accordance with the FAA's Advisory Circular 150/5190.7, which illustrates an airport sponsor's duty to establish and enforce minimum standards for commercial aeronautical ser- vice providers, tailoring minimum standards separately for each type of class and service can eliminate difficulties that would arise if the same standards were forced to apply equally to all businesses. AC 150/5190.7 also assists the airport by giving examples of minimum standards used else- where and providing sample questions that would help an airport discover what its standards should be as compared with other facilities. The Circular recommends including these stipula- tions in lease agreements with aeronautical service providers. Also important, the Circular advises that providers be notified as amendments are proposed and that providers be part of the discussion. Following the Advisory Circular and complying with Federal obligations will minimize the potential for violations and ensure the efficiency of the airport's operations. 38