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68 Table 85. P.M. peak-period percent distribution of internal trip origins for entering trips--Country Isles. Percent Internal Trips by Destination Land Use1 Origin Land Use Shopping Centers Gas/ Office Country Indian FF Rest Residential Daycare Subtotal Conv Isles Trace Office -- 6 17 8 6 0 0 0 Shopping Center 2 -- -- -- 25 27 23 0 Gas/Convenience 0 1 5 1 -- 0 0 0 Residential 0 3 3 3 3 3 -- 0 Daycare 0 3 9 4 1 0 2 -- Total Internal 2 13 34 17 36 30 25 0 External 98 87 66 83 64 70 75 100 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 1 Calculated to exclude trips within the same land use; totals shown may not equal sums due to rounding. Of the trips entering the onsite gasoline/convenience stores, Site Composition 36% came from onsite uses--6% from the office, 25% from The Village Commons site has four major development the shopping centers, 3% from residential, and 1% from the areas: the Village Commons Shopping Center, the Brandywine daycare center. Center, various office buildings located throughout the site, Of the trips that traveled to the onsite, free-standing, fast- and the Pointe multi-family residential community. Total food restaurant, 30% came from onsite uses--27% from commercial square footage in Village Commons was 524,350 the shopping centers and 3% from residential. with 34% retail (179,840 sq ft), 57% office (297,581 sq ft), and Of the trips entering onsite residential, 25% traveled from 9% health spa. The total number of dwelling units was 317. an onsite origin--23% from the shopping centers and 2% from the daycare. Of the trips entering the onsite daycare center, 100% trav- Proximity of Commercial Competition eled from outside Country Isles. There were numerous office, restaurant, hotel, and retail land uses (including a regional mall) that were proximate to Village Commons the Village Commons site. The Village Commons site is located within the southwest- ern limits of the City of West Palm Beach in Palm Beach Site Components County. The overall mixed-use site straddles Village Boulevard, The descriptions that follow are grouped according to immediately northwest of Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard. The how land uses are aggregated for the data collection and Village Commons mixed-use site encompasses approximately data analysis. 72 acres, of which 54 are commercial and 18 are residential. Fig- ure 14 shows the general layout of Village Commons. Figure 15 Village Commons Shopping Center. The Village Com- shows the types and locations of tenant land uses. mons Shopping Center included the following: Village Commons was surveyed on July 14, 1993. Origin- destination surveys were conducted at 14 different locations A supermarket and drug store; within the site. There was no charge for parking anywhere Eight restaurants ranging from natural foods to Japanese within the site. Additionally, based on field observations, to bagels; there was an adequate parking supply to service all land uses, Retail stores including computers, clothing, video, fram- with the possible exception of the health spa. There was no ing, gifts, shoes, cards, jewelry, maternity, sporting goods, formal fixed-route transit service provided to the Village consignment, ice cream, paint, cell phones, liquor, and Commons site. flowers; and

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69 Source: FDOT Trip Characteristics Study of Multi-Use Developments, Tindale-Oliver & Associates, final report, December 1993, p. II-11 Figure 14. Village Commons site layout as depicted in the FDOT report (18).

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70 Source: FDOT Trip Characteristics Study of Multi-Use Developments, Tindale-Oliver & Associates, final report, December 1993, p. II-14 Figure 15. Village Commons tenant details as depicted in the FDOT report (18).

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71 Service establishments such as banks, mail shipping, dry totaled 32,917 sq ft (of which 18% was in a bank). It was cleaning, a leasing office, a weight clinic, a hair salon, a located approximately 800 ft from the Village Commons tanning salon, real estate, a travel agency, an animal clinic, Shopping Center. Persons leaving this office building were insurance, and a mortgage company. not interviewed. The shopping center was 170,740 gross sq ft in size. Its The Pointe. The Pointe development is a residential multi- largest tenant was a supermarket encompassing 23% of the family development containing 317 units. Its occupancy was overall center space. There were a significant number of restau- estimated to be approximately 93% on the survey date. The rants in the shopping center, composing 19% of the center FDOT research project was not allowed to conduct origin- space. Banks composed 6% and office space composed 4%. destination surveys at the Pointe. Village Commons residen- Despite being a large component of the overall shopping cen- tial internal trips were estimated using Village Commons ter, restaurants were not separated in the data analysis because vehicle count data and average residential internal trip rates the pedestrian count data did not separate between restaurant observed at the other two sites. The approximate center of the and non-restaurant volumes, thereby eliminating the possibil- Pointe is located 900 ft from the supermarket at Village Com- ity of developing reasonably accurate survey expansion factors mons Shopping Center. for restaurant and non-restaurant trips. Health Spa. There is a health spa located in the area Brandywine Center: Sit-Down Restaurant. The Brandy- bounded by Village Boulevard and Olympic Place. It encom- wine Center contained four buildings: a sit-down chain res- passes 46,929 sq ft. An origin-destination survey was not taurant, a bank, and two office buildings. The restaurant in conducted at the health spa, and no trips to the health spa Brandywine Center was 9,100 gross sq ft. The bank and office were identified during the surveys conducted at other uses buildings are included in the next section. at the Village Commons site. Office Buildings. Village Commons had a total of nearly 300,000 sq ft in office buildings. The two three-story office Data Collection buildings in Brandywine Center totaled 122,870 sq ft (of which 4% was in a bank) and were located approximately 1,500 ft Origin-destination interviews were conducted at 14 sta- from the Village Commons Shopping Center. Although side- tions throughout Village Commons. Different expansion fac- walks and crosswalks were available for pedestrian use, the tors were developed for each site (i.e., residential, office, and fact that Village Boulevard was a four-lane divided roadway commercial land use categories) based on pedestrian counts, possibly would discourage pedestrian movement between vehicle counts, and vehicle-occupancy counts. Table 86 lists the Brandywine and Village Commons centers. An office the numbers of useable surveys collected at each land use. building was located at the northeast corner of Harvard Circle, approximately 1,800 ft from the Village Commons Analysis of Internal Capture Shopping Center. It totaled 96,270 sq ft. The three office buildings located along Columbia Drive totaled 45,524 sq ft Table 87 summarizes the overall internal capture found at and were approximately 1,800 ft from the Village Commons the individual Country Isles land uses. In order to more fully Shopping Center. A multi-story office/bank building located understand these overall internal capture rates for each land at the southeast corner of Brandywine Road and Village use, it was necessary to investigate internal capture rates for Boulevard bounded by Columbia Drive and Olympic Place pairs of land uses. Those data follow. Table 86. P.M. peak-period usable surveys and sample rate-- Village Commons. Land Use Exit Movements Usable Interviews Percent Interviewed Office 718 78 11% Retail 1,216 253 21% Sit-Down Restaurant 167 27 16% Residential 179 Not Interviewed Not Interviewed Total 2280 358 16%