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72 Table 87. P.M. peak-period percent internal capture by land use--Village Commons. Percent Internal Capture Percent Internal Capture Land Use as Origin Land Use as Destination Land Use Office 7% 0% Retail 7% 7% Sit-Down Restaurant 7% 4% Residential 27% 37% Total 9% 9% Table 88 presents the distribution of trip destinations for Of the trips entering onsite residential, 37% came from an trips exiting each of the surveyed Village Commons land uses: onsite origin--30% from the shopping center, 4% from office, and 2% from the sit-down restaurant. Of trips leaving the office buildings onsite, 7% have an internal destination--6% to the shopping center and 1% Boca Del Mar to residential. Of the trips leaving the Village Commons Shopping Cen- The Boca Del Mar site is located in southwest Palm Beach ter, 7% were destined to an internal use, all residential. County. The mixed-use site is situated in the southwest quad- Of the trips leaving the onsite sit-down restaurant, 7% rant of the intersection of Powerline Road and Palmetto Park were destined to onsite destinations--half to the shopping Road. The commercial component of the site encompasses center and half to residential. 42 acres. Figures 16 and 17 show the layout of Boca del Mar, Of trips leaving the onsite residential, 27% were traveling to and Figure 18 shows the tenant land uses and locations for the onsite destinations--25% to the shopping center and 2% to eastern portion of Boca del Mar. The western portion is all the fast-food restaurant. (The Pointe was not surveyed; these residential. internal trip-making estimates are based on values derived Boca del Mar was surveyed on July 21, 1993. Origin- at the other two FDOT research sites and on observed bal- destination interviews were conducted at 20 different locations ancing of trips into and out of the Village Commons uses.) within the site. Based on field observations, there appeared to be an ample parking supply to support the site land uses and Table 89 presents the distribution of trip origins for trips there was no charge for parking at the site. There was no for- entering each of the surveyed Village Commons land uses: mal fixed-route transit system serving the site. None of the trips entering the office buildings onsite had Site Composition an internal origin. Of the trips entering the Village Commons Shopping Cen- Boca Del Mar has six major development components: ter, 7% (same as for exiting) arrived from an internal use-- 3% each from office and residential and less than 1% from 1. Garden Shops at Boca; the sit-down restaurant. 2. Palms Plaza; Of the trips traveling to the onsite, sit-down restaurant, 4% 3. A multi-story office building at the northwest corner of came from onsite uses, all from the residential. the site; Table 88. P.M. peak-period percent distribution of internal trip destinations for exiting trips--Village Commons. Destination Land Use Origin Land Use Total Office Retail Restaurant Residential External Total Internal Office -- 6 0 1 7 93 100 Retail 0 -- 0 7 7 93 100 Sit-Down Restaurant 0 4 -- 4 7 93 100 Residential 0 25 2 -- 27 73 100

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73 Table 89. P.M. peak-period percent distribution 4. A multi-story bank and office building at the northeast of internal trip origins for entering trips-- corner of the site; Village Commons. 5. Camden Court, a multi-family residential complex on the south side of the site; and Destination Land Use Origin Land Use 6. Various residential areas to the west of the site. Office Retail Restaurant Residential Office -- 3 0 4 Please note that only the Camden Court residential area Retail 0 -- 0 30 was considered internal to the mixed-use site for NCHRP Sit-Down Restaurant 0 <1 -- 2 Project 8-51 because insufficient surveys and counts were Residential 0 3 4 -- conducted at the "various residential areas" to enable consis- Total Internal 0 7 4 37 tent treatment of the survey responses. Total commercial square footage in Boca del Mar was External 100 93 96 63 501,254 with 41% retail (207,787 sq ft) and 59% office Total 100 100 100 100 (293,467 sq ft). There were 1,144 total dwelling units of Source: FDOT Trip Characteristics Study of Multi-Use Developments, Tindale-Oliver & Associates, final report, December 1993. Figure 16. Boca del Mar eastern portion site layout as depicted in the FDOT report (18).

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74 Source: FDOT Trip Characteristics Study of Multi-Use Developments, Tindale-Oliver & Associates, final report, December 1993, p. II-20. Figure 17. Boca del Mar western portion site layout as depicted in the FDOT report (18). which 513 were single family detached, 517 were town- research team, its general appearance (e.g., landscaping, site houses, and 114 were apartments. The total number of entrance) was not as appealing. dwelling units within Camden Court was 190. All land uses located within the site were accessible via a Site Components service road system that bisects the site. All vehicular trips between site land uses could be made without having to use The descriptions that follow are grouped according to the arterial road system adjacent to the site. how land uses are aggregated for the data collection and data analysis. Proximity of Commercial Competition Garden Shops at Boca. The Garden Shops at Boca was the retail center of the mixed-use site. Its 52 tenants included Immediately to the north of the Boca Del Mar site was a the following: competing shopping center with several similar retail busi- nesses, including a supermarket. However, the site was older A supermarket and a drugstore; than Boca del Mar and, in the opinion of the original FDOT Six restaurants;

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75 Source: FDOT Trip Characteristics Study of Multi-Use Developments, Tindale-Oliver & Associates, final report, December 1993, p. II-25. Figure 18. Boca del Mar east end tenant details as depicted in the FDOT report (18). Various retail stores including men's, women's, and chil- Palms Plaza Shopping Center. The Palms Plaza Shop- dren's clothing; books; gifts; ice cream; jewelry; liquor; lug- ping Center was oriented facing away from the Garden Shops gage; cosmetics; lamps; framing; pet supplies; a boutique; at Boca. The most direct path between their primary parking and a florist; and areas was approximately 1,100 ft. Palm Plaza had 27 tenants, Various services including a medical office, real estate, dry including cleaning, eye care, a psychic reader, manicure/facials, photo development, interior design, a travel agency, a hair salon, Four restaurants, ranging from a major sit-down restau- and a mail shipper. rant chain to Japanese to fast food; The shopping center was 140,686 gross sq ft in size. Its Various retail stores including clothing, baked goods, largest tenant was a supermarket encompassing about 29% gifts, computers, jewelry, maternity wear, cards, and eye of the overall center space. Restaurants composed 10% of wear; and the center space, banks composed 5 percent, and office space Various services including a travel agency, photo develop- composed 7%. The Garden Shops were approximately 95% ment, a hair salon, framing, a dry cleaner, a travel agency, occupied at the time of the survey. a real estate agency, and a bank.

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76 Table 90. Usable P.M. peak-period surveys and sample rate-- Boca del Mar. Land Use Exit Movements Usable Interviews Percent Interviewed1 Office 139 30 22% Retail 1,672 267 16% Fast-Food Restaurant 100 33 33% Residential 108 95 88% Total 2,019 425 21% 1 Also interviewed were 18 (or 11%) of the 168 inbound residential motorists. The shopping center was 63,070 gross sq ft in size. Restau- Camden Court. Camden Court was a residential multi- rants composed 25% of the center space, banks composed family community located immediately to the south of the 4 percent, and office space composed 7%. The remaining 64% retail shopping center. Camden Court included 190 apart- was the mix of convenience retail and service businesses. The ment units, with an occupancy of 97% on the survey date. shopping center was approximately 80% occupied at the time The approximate center of Camden Court was located 900 ft of the survey. from the supermarket at the Garden Shops at Boca. Stand-Alone Fast-Food Restaurant. The Boca Del Mar Site had one stand-alone, fast-food restaurant. Its size was Data Collection 4,031 sq ft. Origin-destination interviews were conducted at 20 stations Office Buildings. The Boca del Mar had two office build- throughout Boca del Mar. The data collection conformed to ings. The multi-story office complex on the west side of the the methods used for the other Florida sites reported here. site had surface parking around the building plus secured Different expansion factors were developed for each site underground parking. Its size was 114,881 sq ft and it was (i.e., residential, office, and commercial land use categories) located approximately 800 ft from the Garden Shops at Boca. based on pedestrian counts, vehicle counts, and vehicle- There were a variety of professional businesses including some occupancy counts. Table 90 lists the numbers of useable medical offices located within the office complex. This build- surveys collected at each land use. ing was surveyed. A 178,586 sq ft, multi-story office center was located on Analysis of Internal Capture the northeast corner of the Boca del Mar site. Located in the office building are a bank (2% of the total square footage) and Table 91 summarizes the overall internal capture found at professional offices including a number of medical offices. the individual Boca del Mar land uses. To more fully under- Permission to obtain traffic counts at the access points and stand these overall internal capture rates for each land use, it origin/destination surveys at this part of the site was not was necessary to investigate internal capture rates for pairs of granted by the site property manager. land uses. The following includes the data. Table 91. P.M. peak-period percent internal capture by land use-- Boca del Mar. Percent Internal Capture as Percent Internal Capture as Land Use Origin Land Use Destination Land Use Office 0% 0% 4% for Garden Shops at Boca 7% for Garden Shops at Boca Retail 7% for Palms Plaza 1% for Palms Plaza 5% overall 5% overall Fast-Food Restaurant 24% 3% Residential 44% 35% Total 8% 7%

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77 Table 92. P.M. peak-period percent distribution of internal trip destinations for origin land uses--Boca del Mar. Percent Internal Trips by Destination Land Use1 Origin Land Use Shopping Total Office FF Rest Residential External Total Center Internal Office -- 0 0 0 0 100 100 Garden Shops at 0 -- <1 4 4 96 100 Boca Palms Plaza 0 -- 0 0 0 100 100 Shopping Center Retail Total 0 -- <1 3 4 96 100 Fast-Food 0 18 -- 6 24 76 100 Restaurant Residential 0 42 2 -- 44 56 100 1 Calculated to exclude trips within the same land use. Table 92 presents the distribution of trip destinations for Table 93 presents the distribution of trip origins for trips trips exiting each of the surveyed Boca del Mar land uses. Sep- entering each of the surveyed Boca del Mar land uses. Sepa- arate sets of values are listed for the Garden Shops at Boca, for rate sets of values are listed for the Garden Shops at Boca, for the Palms Plaza Shopping Center, and for the combined trips the Palms Plaza Shopping Center, and for the combined trips exiting both shopping centers: entering both shopping centers: None of the surveyed trips leaving the office buildings onsite All of the trips entering the office buildings onsite had an had an internal destination. external origin. Of the trips leaving the Garden Shops, 4% were destined to Of the trips entering the Garden Shops at Boca, 4% an internal use; none of the trips leaving Palms Plaza were. When combined, the two shopping centers sent less than arrived from an internal use; 1% of the trips entering the 1% of the surveyed trips to the free-standing, fast-food Palms Plaza Shopping Center also arrived from an inter- restaurant and 4% to the onsite residential area. nal use. Of the trips leaving the onsite, free-standing fast-food restau- When combined, the two shopping centers received 3% of rant, 24% were destined to onsite destinations, 18% to the their inbound trips from onsite uses--1% from fast food, shopping centers, and 6% to residential. and 2% from residential. Of trips leaving onsite residential, 44% were travelling to Of the trips traveling to the onsite, free-standing, fast-food onsite destinations--42% to the shopping centers and 2% restaurant, 3% arrived from onsite uses--1% from the to the fast-food restaurant. shopping centers and 2% from residential. Table 93. P.M. peak-period percent distribution of internal trip origins for destination land uses--Boca del Mar. Percent Internal Trips by Destination Land Use1 Origin Land Use Retail Retail Retail FF Office Garden Residential Palms Plaza Total Rest Shops Office -- 0 0 0 0 0 Retail 0 -- -- -- 1 32 Fast-Food 0 1 0 1 -- 4 Restaurant Residential 0 3 1 2 2 -- Total Internal 0 4 1 3 3 35 External 100 96 99 97 97 65 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 1 Calculated to exclude trips within the same land use.