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10 Approximately 97 percent of the respondent air- Approximately 75 percent of the respondent air- ports are publicly owned. ports take less than 12 months to complete the devel- The respondent airports range from General Avia- opment and/or updating process. tion airports to Medium Hub Primary Commercial Ser- The respondent airports indicated that reaching vice airports. The NPIAS classification of the respon- consensus on requirements, enforcing standards, and dent airports is reflective of the composition of the having the time to review/update Minimum Standards entire NPIAS. are the most common challenges, issues, and/or prob- The mean number of based aircraft within the sur- lems encountered during the development and/or up- vey population is approximately 91, and the median dating process. number of based aircraft is 62. The mean annual fuel volume (all types) was calcu- The questionnaire revealed the following information lated to be approximately 603,300 gal, and the median about attitudes regarding airport Minimum Standards: was calculated to be 174,750 gal. Of the respondent airports having Minimum Stan- The questionnaire revealed the following information dards, approximately 85 percent believe that the air- about commercial aeronautical activities occurring at port's Minimum Standards are achieving the intended the respondent airports: role and purpose. Lack of enforcement and the need to update the FBOs, aircraft storage, aircraft maintenance, and airport's Minimum Standards were cited as the most flight training/instruction operators are the most com- pressing issues at airports where Minimum Standards mon types of commercial aeronautical activities occur- are not achieving the intended role or purpose. ring at the respondent airports. For the most part, the respondent airports believe Among the airports exercising a proprietary exclu- that Minimum Standards are a great tool to ensure a sive right, the most common activity being conducted is level playing field and promote fair competition and aircraft fueling. that Minimum Standards should be adopted, enforced, Ninety-one percent of airports engaging in a com- and kept current. mercial aeronautical activity in competition with other entities at the airport conduct aircraft storage and C. Interviews parking. Twenty-eight leaders in the airport industry were in- Of the airports prohibiting an aeronautical activ- terviewed to gather additional information regarding ity, approximately 39 percent prohibit commercial commercial aeronautical activities occurring at airports through-the-fence activities. and the development and application of airport Mini- mum Standards. The individuals interviewed repre- The questionnaire revealed the following information sented various organizations that serve aviation stake- about the use, development, and amendment of Mini- holders in all segments of the aviation industry and mum Standards at the respondent airports: included government agencies, major airport industry trade associations, airports, FBOs, and industry suppli- Approximately 63 percent of the respondent air- ers and vendors. ports have Minimum Standards. The interview questions and a summary of the re- There is considerable variability in the age of air- sults of the interviews are provided in Appendix C. The port Minimum Standards, the frequency of reviewing following information provides a brief summary of the and updating the document, the length of time to de- responses: velop the document, the internal and external team members involved in developing or updating of the Several interviewees indicated that Minimum document, the use of external guidance, and the chal- Standards serve to "level the playing field" and/or to lenges, issues, and/or problems encountered. "promote fair competition" at airports. It is important to Approximately 45 percent of the respondent air- note, however, that the FAA does not require that ports have adopted Minimum Standards within the last Minimum Standards equalize all competitive factors. 10 years. While the FAA has stated that Minimum Standards Approximately 45 percent of the respondent air- serve to "reasonably protect the investment of providers ports indicated that the airport's Minimum Standards of aeronautical services to meet minimum standards are reviewed on an annual basis. from competition not making a similar investment,"52 Approximately 37 percent of the respondent air- the FAA has also indicated that, "There is no Federal ports indicated that the airport's Minimum Standards requirement that an airport sponsor equalize the capi- are updated every 5 years (at a minimum), and ap- proximately 41 percent of the respondent airports indi- cated that the airport's Minimum Standards are up- dated every 5 to 10 years. 52 FAA Advisory Circular 150/5190-7 1.2(d)(3).