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Planning Guide: Developing Road Pricing Plans and Programs 33 interview sites are those specified in Section 2.1. Interviews were supplemented by collecting plans and studies important to understanding the treatment of road pricing in planning, engage- ment, and communication. The literature review focused on road pricing planning in states and regions, and federal guidance and law underlying the transportation planning process. Part 2 contains the literature review and interview findings. The literature review of planning documents and studies is contained in Appendix A and the review of literature related to accept- ability and communications is contained in Appendix B. The interview findings on planning, com- munication, and engagement issues are contained in Appendices E and F with links to supporting studies and reference materials contained in Appendix G. 2.2.1 Overview of the Transportation Planning Process As shown in Exhibit 15 from FHWA and FTA, transportation planning involves a series of steps conducted by the MPO, state DOT(s), and transit operators: Developing a regional vision and goals for the transportation system Identifying alternate improvement strategies--Monitoring existing conditions; forecasting future population and employment growth, including assessing projected land uses in the region Exhibit 15. Steps in the transportation planning process. Source: FHWA and FTA, The Transportation Planning Process: A Briefing Book for Transportation Decision Makers, Officials, and Staff. A Publication of the Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program. FHWA-HEP-07-039, September 2007. Available at:

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34 Road Pricing: Public Perceptions and Program Development and identifying major growth corridors; identifying current and projected future transportation problems and needs; and identifying potential strategies The evaluation and prioritization of strategies--Analyzing, through detailed planning studies, various transportation improvement strategies to address needs Developing long-range plans (the long-range transportation plan, or metropolitan transporta- tion plan) of alternative capital improvement and operational strategies for moving people and goods; estimating the impact of recommended future improvements to the transportation sys- tem on environmental features, including air quality; and developing a financial plan for secur- ing sufficient revenues to cover the costs of implementing strategies Developing short-range programs (the Transportation Improvement Program) that identify funding and a schedule for implementation of projects Perform project development, including environmental review as part of the National Environ- mental Policy Act (NEPA) process, design, and construction Perform system operation and monitoring of system performance and effectiveness of imple- mented strategies The metropolitan planning process also can be grouped by a set of broad important require- ments. As shown in the center of Exhibit 16, MPOs must consider eight planning criteria in developing their long-range metropolitan transportation plans (MTPs, or LRPs as in Exhibit 15), including the highlighted efficient management and operations (M&O) of the transportation Exhibit 16. Metropolitan transportation planning requirements, highlighting system management and operations. Source: FHWA and FTA, Advancing Planning for Operations: A Guidebook for an Objectives- Driven, Performance-Based Approach to Integrating Operations in Metropolitan Transportation Planning. February, 2010. Available at