Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 65


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 64
64 References AASHTO, 2009. MP 18M/MP18-09 Standard Specification for Uncoated, ASTM, 2009. ASTM A955-09 Standard Specification for Deformed and Corrosion-Resistant, Deformed and Plain Alloy, Billet-Steel Bars for Plain Stainless-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement, ASTM Inter- Concrete Reinforcement and Dowels, American Association of State national, Conshohocken, PA. Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C. ASTM, 2009. ASTM A1035-09 Standard Specification for Deformed and AASHTO, 2007. LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 4th edition and Plain, Low-Carbon, Chromium, Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforce- 20082009 interims, American Association of State Highway and ment, ASTM International, Conshohocken, PA. Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C. ASTM, 2009. ASTM E8-09 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of AASHTO, 2004. LRFD Construction Specifications, 2nd edition and Metallic Materials, ASTM International, Conshohocken, PA. 20062008 revisions, American Association of State Highway and ASTM, 2007. ASTM A82-07 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Plain, for Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C. Concrete Reinforcement, ASTM International, Conshohocken, PA. ACI Committee 224, 2001. ACI 224R-01 Control of Cracking in Concrete ASTM, 2007. ASTM A496-07 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Structures, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 46 pp. Deformed, for Concrete Reinforcement, ASTM International, Con- ACI Committee 318, 2008. ACI 318-08/ACI 318R-08 Building Code shohocken, PA. Requirements for Reinforced Concrete and Commentary, American Barker, R.M. and Puckett, J.A., 2007. Design of Highway Bridges an LRFD Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. Approach, 2nd edition, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1010 pp. ACI Committee 363, 1992. ACI 363R-92 State of the Art Report on High Beeby, A.W., 1983. "Cracking, Cover and Corrosion of Reinforce- Strength Concrete, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, ment," Concrete International: Design and Construction, Vol. 5, MI, 55 pp. No. 2, pp 3540. ACI Committee 408, 2003. ACI 408R-03 Bond and Development of Bentz, E.C., 2000. Response 2000, http://www.ecf.utoronto.ca/bentz/ Straight Reinforcing Bars in Tension, American Concrete Institute, home.shtml, accessed April 6, 2010. Farmington Hills, MI, 49 pp. Birkeland, P.W., and H.W. Birkeland, 1966. "Connections in Precast AMEC Earth and Environmental, 2006. Comparative Performance of Concrete Construction," Journal of the American Concrete Institute, MMFX Microcomposite Reinforcing Steel and Other Types of Steel Vol. 63, No. 3, pp 345368. with Respect to Corrosion Resistance and Service Life Prediction in Bischoff, P.H., 2005. "Reevaluation of Deflection Prediction for Concrete Reinforced Concrete Structures, AMEC, Burnaby, BC. Beams Reinforced with Steel and Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars," Ahlborn, T. and DenHartigh, T., 2002. "A Comparative Bond Study of Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, May 2005, pp 752767. MMFX Reinforcing Steel in Concrete," Michigan Tech Report CSD- Bischoff, P. and Paixao, R., 2004. "Tension Stiffening and Cracking of 2002-03, July 2002. Concrete Reinforced with GFRP Bars," Canadian Journal of Civil Ahmed, S.H. and Shah, S.P., 1982. "Stress-Strain Curves of Concrete Engineering, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp 579588. Confined by Spiral Reinforcement," ACI Journal, Vol. 79, No. 6, Bjerkeli, L., Tomaszewicz, A., and Jensen, J.J., 1990. "Deformation pp 484490. Properties and Ductility of High-Strength Concrete," ACI SP-121 Al-Shaikh, A.H. and Al-Zaid, R.Z. 1993. "Effect of Reinforcement Ratio - High Strength Concrete, pp 215238. on the Effective Moment of Inertia of Reinforced Concrete Beams," Branson, D.E., 1963. Instantaneous and Time-Dependent Deflections of ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 90, No. 2, pp 144149. Simple and Continuous Reinforced Concrete Beams, Research Report Al-Zaid, R.Z., Al-Shaikh, A.H. and Abu-Hussein, M.M., 1991. "Effect of No. 7, Alabama Highway Department, Montgomery, AL, August Loading Type on the Effective Moment of Inertia of Reinforced Con- 1963, 94 pp. crete Beams," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 88, No. 2, pp 184190. Brown, V. and Bartholomew, C., 1996. "Long-Term Deflections of ASTM, 2009. ASTM A615-09 Standard Specification for Deformed and GFRP-Reinforced Concrete Beams." Fiber Composites in Infrastruc- Plain Carbon-Steel for Concrete Reinforcement, ASTM Interna- ture, Proc. of the First International Conference on Composites in Infra- tional, Conshohocken, PA. structure. Tucson, AZ. ASTM, 2009. ASTM A706-09 Standard Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Carey, S.A. and Harries, K.A., 2005. "Axial Behavior and Modeling of Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement, ASTM Inter- Small-, Medium- and Large-Scale Circular Sections Confined with national, Conshohocken, PA. CFRP Jackets," ACI Structures Journal, Vol. 102, No. 4, pp 596604.

OCR for page 64
65 CEB-FIP, 1993. CEB-FIP Model Code (MC-90), Comit Euro- Ghali, A., 1993. "Deflection of Reinforced Concrete Members: A Criti- International du Bton (CEB), Thomas Telford Service Ltd., cal Review," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 90, No. 4, pp 364373. London, England. Gilbert, R.I., 1999. "Flexural Crack Control for Concrete Beams and Ciancone, G.G., Michael, A.P., and Hamilton III, H.R., 2008. "Behav- Slabs: An Evaluation of Design Procedures," Proceedings of the 16th ior of Standard Hook Anchorage with Corrosion Resistant Rein- Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials, forcement," Technical Report FDOT No. BD 545-40, June 2008. Sydney, Australia, pp 175180. Clemena and Virmani, 2004. "Comparing the Chloride Resistances of Gilbert, R.I., 2006. "Discussion of `Re-Evaluation of Deflection Predic- Reinforcing Bars," Concrete International, November 2004, pp 3949. tion for Concrete Beams Reinforced with Steel and FRP Bars' by Comit Euro-International du Bton (CEB), 1990. CEB-FIP Model Peter H. Bischoff," Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 132, Code 1990: CEB Bulletin d'Information 213214, Thomas Telford No. 8, pp 13281330. Service Ltd., London, England. Grossman, J.S., 1981. "Simplified Computations for Effective Moment Corley, W.G., Hanson, J.M., and Helgason, T., 1978. "Design of of Inertia Ie and Minimum Thickness to Avoid Deflection Compu- Reinforced Concrete for Fatigue," Journal of the Structural Divi- tations," ACI Journal, Vol. 78, No. 6, pp 423439. sion, ASCE, Vol. 14, No. ST6, pp 921932. Halvorsen, G.T., 1987. "Code Requirements for Crack Control," ACI Creazza, G. and Russo, S., 2001. "Crack Width Evaluation in FRP SP-104: Concrete and Concrete Construction, Farmington Hills, MI, Reinforced Concrete Members," Materials and Structures, Vol. 34, pp 275322. No. 2, pp 119125. Hanson, N.W., 1960. "Precast-Prestressed Concrete Bridges: Horizon- Cusson, D. and Paultre, P., 1994. "High-Strength Concrete Columns tal Shear Connections," Journal PCA Research and Development Confined with Rectangular Ties," Journal of Structural Engineering, Laboratories, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp 3858. Vol. 120, No. 3, pp 783804. Harries, K.A., Zorn, A., Aidoo, J., and Quattlebaum, J., 2006. "Deterio- Darwin, Browning, Nguyen, and Locke, 2002. "Mechanical and Corro- ration of FRP-to-Concrete Bond Under Fatigue Loading," Advances sion Properties Testing of a High-Strength, High-Chromium Rein- in Structural Engineering, Special Issue on Bond Behaviour of FRP forcing Steel for Concrete," Report SD2001-05-F, South Dakota in Structures, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp 779789. DOT. Hartt, Powers, Leroux, and Lysogorski, 2004. "A Critical Literature DeJong, S.J., and MacDougall, C., 2006. "Fatigue Behaviour of MMFX Review of High-Performance Corrosion Reinforcements in Con- Corrosion-Resistant Reinforcing Steel," Proceedings of the 7th Inter- crete Bridge Applications," FHWA-HRT Report 04-093. national Conference on Short and Medium Span Bridges, Montreal, Hassan, T.K., Seliem, H.M., Dwairi, H., Rizkalla, S.H., and Zia, P., Canada. 2008. "Shear Behavior of Large Concrete Beams Reinforced with DeJong, S.J., 2005. "Fatigue of Corrosion Resistant Reinforcing Steels," High-Strength Steel," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 105, No. 2, MS thesis, Queen's University. pp 173179. de V Batchelor, B., Hewitt, B.E., and Csagoly, P.F., 1978. "Investigation Helgason, T., Hanson, J.M., Somes, N.F., Corley, W.G., and Hognestad, of the Fatigue Strength of Deck Slabs of Composite Steel/Concrete E., 1976. NCHRP Report 164: Fatigue Strength of High-Yield Rein- Bridges," Transportation Research Record 644, Transportation forcing Bars, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. Research Board, Washington, D.C. Hill, C., Chiaw, C.C., and Harik, I.E., 2003. "Reinforcement Alternatives Dolan, C.W., 1989. "Prestressed Concrete Using Kevlar Reinforced Ten- for Concrete Bridge Decks," Report KTC-03-19/SPR-215-00-1F, dons," PhD thesis, Cornell University. July 2003. El-Hacha, R., El-Agroudy, H., and Rizkalla, S., 2006. "Bond Characteris- Holowka, M., Dorton, R.A., and Csagoly, P.F., 1980. Punching Shear tics of High-Strength Steel Reinforcement," ACI Structural Journal, Strength of Restrained Circular Slabs, Ontario Ministry of Trans- Vol. 103, No. 6, Nov-Dec 2006, pp 771782. portation. El-Hacha, R. and Rizkalla, S., 2002. "Fundamental Material Properties Imbsen Software Systems, 2007. XTRACT V3.0.8, http://www.imbsen. of MMFX Steel Rebars," Research Report: RD-02/04, North Car- com/xtract.htm, accessed November 11, 2007. olina State University, July 2002, 62 pp. Kahn, L.F. and Mitchell, A.D., 2002. "Shear Friction Tests with Fang, K.I., 1985. "Behavior of Ontario-Type Bridge Decks on Steel Gird- High Strength Concrete," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 99, No. 1, ers," PhD dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. pp 98103. Fikry, A.M. and Thomas, C., 1998. "Development of a Model for the Effec- Khader, A., 2002. "Evaluation of MMFX Corrosion-Resistant Steel Dowel tive Moment of Inertia of One-Way Reinforced Concrete Elements," Bars in Concrete Pavements," Report WI-07-03, Wisconsin DOT. ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 95, No. 4, pp 444455. Kokubu, M. and Okamura, H., 1965. Fundamental Study on Fatigue Florida DOT, 2002. Investigation into the Structural Performance of MMFX Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using High Strength Deformed Reinforcing Bars. Bars, Japan Society of Civil Engineers (Tokyo), No. 122, Oct 1965, Frosch, R.J., 1999. "Another Look at Cracking and Crack Control in Rein- pp l28. forced Concrete," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 96, No. 3, pp 437442. Kuchma, D.A., Kim, K.S., Kim, S.H., Sun, S., and Hawkins, N.M., 2005. Frosch, R.J., 2001. "Flexural Crack Control in Reinforced Concrete," ACI "NCHRP Project 12-61: Simplified Shear Design of Structural Con- SP204: Design and Construction Practices to Mitigate Cracking, Amer- crete Members," Proceedings of the 6th International Bridge Engineer- ican Concrete Institute, pp 135154. ing Conference, July 1720, 2005. Transportation Research Record Gao, D., Benmokrane, B., and Masmoudi, R., 1998. A Calculating Method CD 11-S, Washington, D.C., pp 129142. of Flexural Properties of FRP-Reinforced Concrete Beam: Part 1: Crack Lash, S.D., 1969. "Can High-Strength Reinforcement be Used for High- Width and Deflection, University of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada. way Bridges?" ACI SP23: First International Symposium on Concrete Gergely, P. and Lutz, L.A., 1968. "Maximum Crack Width in Reinforced Bridge Design, American Concrete Institute, pp 283299. Concrete Flexural Members," ACI SP20: Causes, Mechanism, and Loov, R.E. and Patnaik, A.K., 1994. "Horizontal Shear Strength of Com- Control of Cracking in Concrete, American Concrete Institute, posite Concrete Beams with a Rough Interface," PCI Journal, Vol. 39, pp 87117. No. 1, pp 4869.

OCR for page 64
66 MacGregor, J.G., Jhamb, I.C., and Nuttall, N., 1971. "Fatigue Strength Ordinary and High Strength Steel," Proceedings of the Symposium on of Hot-Rolled Reinforcing Bars," ACI Journal Proceedings, Ameri- High Strength Concrete, Norway, pp 322329. can Concrete Institute, Vol. 68, No. 3, pp 169179. Ospina, C.E. and Bakis, C.E., 2007. "Indirect Flexural Crack Control of Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N., and Park, R., 1988. "Observed Stress- Concrete Beams and One-Way Slabs Reinforced with FRP Bars," Strain Behavior of Confined Concrete," Journal of Structural Engi- Proceedings of FRPRCS-8, Patras, Greece, July 2007. neering, ASCE, Vol. 114, No. 8, pp 18271849. PCI Industry Handbook Committee, 2004. PCI Design Handbook, Pre- Malhas, F.A., 2002. Preliminary Experimental Investigation of the Flexural cast/Prestressed Concrete Institute, Chicago, IL, pp 242. Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using MMFX Steel, University Pessiki, S., Graybeal, B. and Mudlock, M., 2002. "Design of High of North Florida, July 2002. Strength Spiral Reinforcement in Concrete Compression Mem- Mallet, O., 1991. Fatigue of Reinforced Concrete, HMSO, London. bers," Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Mancio, Carlos, Zhang, Harvey, and Monteiro, 2007. Laboratory Evalu- Building Technology, Hong Kong, December 2002, pp 431438. ation of Corrosion Resistance of Steel Dowels in Concrete Pavements, Pessiki, S., Graybeal, B., and Mudlock, M., 2001. "Proposed Design of report to Caltrans. High Strength Spiral Reinforcement in Compression Members," Martinez, S., Nilson, A.H., and Slate, F.O., 1982. Spirally Reinforced High ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 98, No. 6, Nov-Dec 2001, pp 799810. Strength Concrete Columns, Cornell University Department of Struc- Pessiki, S.P. and Graybeal, B.A., 2000. "Axial Load Tests of Concrete tural Engineering Research Report No. 82-10, 255 pp. Compression Members with High Strength Spiral Reinforcement," Masmoudi, R., Thriault, M., and Benmokrane, B., 1998. "Flexural PCI Journal, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp 6480. Behavior of Concrete Beams Reinforced with Deformed Fiber Rein- Peterfreund, P., 2003. "Development Length of MMFX Steel Reinforc- forced Plastic Reinforcing Rods," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 95, ing Bars Used in Bridge Deck Applications," MSc thesis, University No. 6, pp 665676. of Massachusetts-Amherst. Mast, R.F., 1992. "Unified Design Provisions for Reinforced and Pre- Pfister, J.F. and Hognestad, E., 1964. "High Strength Bars as Concrete stressed Concrete Flexural and Compression Members," ACI Struc- Reinforcement: Fatigue Tests," Journal PCA Research and Develop- tural Journal, Vol. 89, No. 2, March-April 1992, pp 185199. ment Laboratories, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp 6584. Mast, R.F., 2006. Personal Correspondence. Polat, M.B., 1992. "Behavior of Normal and High Strength Concrete Mast, R.F., Dawood, M., Rizkalla, S.M. and Zia, P., 2008. "Flexural under Axial Compression," MASc thesis, University of Toronto, Strength Design of Concrete Beams Reinforced with High- 175 pp. Strength Steel Bars," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 105, No. 4, Poursaee, A., Geiker, M.R., Hansen, K.K., Peled, A., and Weiss, W.J., pp 570577. 2010. "X-Ray Absorption Measurements of Fluid Ingress in Cracked McNally, M.M., 2003. "MMFX Rebar Evaluation for I-95 Service Road Concrete Under Load," presentation made at ACI Spring Conven- Bridge 1-712-B," MS thesis, University of Delaware. tion, March 22, 2010, Chicago, IL. Michael, A., 2004. Tensile Testing of Mechanical Bar Splices for MMFX Priestley, N.J.M., Seibel, F., and Calvi, G.M., 1996. Seismic Design and Steel, Florida DOT, February 2004. Retrofit of Bridges, Wiley, 686 pp. Moss, D.S., 1980. "Axial Fatigue of High Yield Reinforcing Bars in Air," Ramberg, W. and Osgood, W.R., 1943. Description of Stress-Strain Transport and Road Research Laboratory Report SR622. Curves by Three Parameters, National Advisory Committee on Moss, D.S., 1982. "Bending Fatigue of High-Yield Reinforcing Bars in Aeronautics, TN. Concrete," TRRL Supplementary Rep. 748, Transport and Road Ramirez, J.A. and Russell, B.W., 2008. NCHRP Report 603: Transfer, Devel- Research Laboratory, Crowthome, UK. opment, and Splice Length for Strand/Reinforcement in High-Strength Muguruma, H., Nishiyama, M., Watanabe, F., and Tanaka, H., 1991. Concrete, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. "Ductile Behavior of High Strength Concrete Columns Confined by Rangan, B.V., 1982. "Control of Beam Deflections by Allowable High Strength Transverse Reinforcement," ACI SP-128 - Evaluation Span-Depth Ratios," ACI Journal Proceedings, Vol. 79, No. 5, and Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures and Innovations in Design, pp. 372377. pp 877891. Rao, P.S., 1966. Die Grundlagen zur Berechnung der bei Statisch Unbes- Muguruma, H. and Watanabe, F., 1990. "Ductility Improvement of High timmten Stahlbetonkonstruktionen im Plastischen Bereich Auftretenden Strength Concrete Columns with Lateral Confinement," ACI SP-121 Umlagerungen der Schnittkrfte (Basic laws governing moment redis- - High Strength Concrete, pp 4760. tribution in statically indeterminate reinforced concrete structures) Murashev, V.I., 1940. Theory of Appearance and Opening of Cracks, Com- DAfStb, Ernst & Sohn, Berlin, Heft 177. putation of Rigidity of Reinforced Concrete Members, Stroitelnaya Rasheed, H.A., Nayal, R., and Melhem, H., 2004. "Response Prediction Promishlenost, Moscow, Vol. 11. of Concrete Beams Reinforced with FRP Bars," Composite Structures, Nagashima, T., Sugano, S., Kimura, H., and Ichikawa, A., 1992. "Monot- Vol. 65, No. 2, pp 193204. onic Axial Compression Test on Ultrahigh Strength Concrete Tied Razaqpur, A.G., Svecova, D., and Cheung, M.S., 2000. "Rational Method Columns," Proceedings of the Tenth World Conference on Earthquake for Calculating Deflection of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforced Engineering, Madrid, pp 29832988. Beams," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 97, No. 1, pp 175185. Nawy, E.G., 1968. "Crack Control in Reinforced Concrete Structures," Razvi, S.R. and Saatcioglu, M., 2002. "Displacement Based Design of Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, Vol. Reinforced Concrete Columns for Confinement," ACI Structural 65, October 1968, pp 825838. Journal, Vol. 90, No. 1, pp 311. Nawy, E.G. and Neuwerth, G.E., 1977. "Fiberglass Reinforced Concrete Razvi, S.R. and Saatcioglu, M., 1999. "Stress-Strain Relationship for Con- Slabs and Beams," ASCE Journal of the Structural Division, Vol. 103, fined High-Strength Concrete," Journal of Structural Engineering, No. 2, pp 421440. ASCE, Vol. 125, No. 3, pp 281289. Neville, A.M., 1975. Properties of Concrete, 2nd edition, Pitman. Razvi, S.R. and Saatcioglu, M., 1994. "Strength and Deformability of High Nishiyama, M., Fukushima, I., Watanabe, F., and Muguruma, H., 1993. Strength Concrete Columns," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 91, No. 6, "Axial Loading Tests on High Strength Concrete Prisms Confined by pp 678687 and Appendix.

OCR for page 64
67 Razvi, S.R. and Saatcioglu, M., 1992. "Strength and Ductility of Con- Thriault, M. and Benmokrane, B., 1998. "Effects of FRP Reinforcement fined Concrete," Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, Ratio and Concrete Strength on Flexural Behavior of Concrete No. 6, pp 15901607. Beams," ASCE Journal of Composites for Construction, Vol. 2, No. 1, Restrepo, J.I., Seible, F., Stephan, B., and Schoettler, M.J., 2006. "Seismic pp 716. Testing of Bridge Columns Incorporating High-Performance Mate- Tilly, G.P. and Moss, D.S., 1982. "Long Endurance Fatigue of Steel rials," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 103, No. 4, July-August 2006, Reinforcement," Proc., ABSE Coll., Lausanne, Switzerland. pp 496504. Toutanji, H.A. and Saafi, M., 2000. "Flexural Behavior of Concrete Richart, F.E. and Brown, R.L., 1934. "An Investigation of Reinforced Beams Reinforced with Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Concrete Columns," University of Illinois Bulletin, Vol. XXXI, No. 40. Bars," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 97, No. 5, pp 712719. Richart, F.E., Brandtzaeg, A., and Brown, R.L., 1928. "A Study of the Fail- Trejo and Pillai, 2004. "Accelerated Chloride Threshold Testing Part ure of Concrete under Combined Compressive Stresses," University II: Corrosion Resistant Reinforcement," ACI Materials Journal, of Illinois Bulletin, Vol. XXVI, No. 12, 104 pp. Vol. 101, No. 1, pp 5764. Rizkalla, S., Mirmiran, A., Zia, P., Russell, H., and Mast, R., 2007. NCHRP Trinnea, 2006. "Corrosion Resistant Reinforcement, ASM Handbook, Report 595: Application of the LRFD Bridge Design Specification to Volume 13C, Corrosion: Environments and Industries. High-Strength Structural Concrete: Flexure and Compression Provi- Vecchio, F.J. and Collins, M.P., 1986. The Modified Compression-Field sions, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. Theory for Reinforced-Concrete Elements Subjected to Shear, Amer- Rizkalla, S., Zia, P., Seliem, H., and Lucier, G., 2005. "Evaluation of ican Concrete Institute, Vol. 83 No. 2, pp 219231. MMFX Steel for NCDOT Concrete Bridges," Report FHWA/ Vijay, P.V., GangaRao, H.V.S., and Prachasaree, W., 2002. Bending NC/2006-31, NCDOT Project 2004-27, December 2005. Behavior of Concrete Beams Reinforced with MMFX Steel Bars, West Scanlon, A., Cagley Orsak, D.R., and Buettner, D.R., 2001. ACI Code Virginia University, July 2002. Requirements for Deflection Control in Concrete Structures. Edited by Viwathanatepa, S., Popov, E.P., and Bertero, V.V., 1979. "Effects of E.G. Nawy and A. Scanlon. American Concrete Institute, Farming- Generalized Loadings on Bond of Reinforcing Bars Embedded in ton Hills, MI, SP-203, pp 114. Confined Concrete Blocks," UCB/EERC-79/22, University of Cali- Scanlon, A. and Bischoff, P.H., 2008. "Shrinkage Restraint and Loading forniaBerkeley, Earthquake Engineering Research Center. History Effects on Deflection of Flexural Members," ACI Structural Walraven, J.C. and Reinhardt, H.W., 1981. "Theory and Experiments on Journal, Vol. 106, No. 4, pp 498506. the Mechanical Behavior of Cracks in Plain and Reinforced Concrete Seliem, H.M., Hosny, A., Rizkalla, S., Zia, P., Briggs, M., Miller, S., Subjected to Shear Loading," Heron, Vol. 26. Darwin, D., Browning, J., Glass, G.M., Hoyt, K., Donnelly, K., Ward, E.L., 2009. "Analytical Evaluation of Structural Concrete Members and Jirsa, J.O., 2009. "Bond Characteristics of ASTM A1035 Steel with High-Strength Steel Reinforcement," MS thesis, University of Reinforcing Bars," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 106, No. 4, Cincinnati. pp 530539. Wascheidt, H., 1965. "On the Fatigue Strength of Embedded Concrete Seliem, H., Hosny, A., Dwairi, H., and Rizkalla, S., 2006. "Shear Behavior Reinforcing Steel (Zur Frage der Dauerschwingfestigkeit von Beton- of Concrete Beams Reinforced with MMFX Steel Without Web stahlen im einbetonierten Zustand)," doctoral thesis, Technical Uni- Reinforcement," NC State Report IS-06-08, April 2006. versity of Aachen. Shahrooz, B.M., 2010. Analysis and Design of Flexural Members, Univer- Wight, J.K. and MacGregor, J.G., 2009. Reinforced Concrete: Mechanics sity of Cincinnati, accessed Jan. 17, 2010. and Design, 5th Edition, Prentice-Hall, pp 5256. Smith Emery Laboratories, 2006. Static Compression Tests on MMFX Wipf, Phares, Fanous, Lee, and Jolley, 2005. Evaluation of Corrosion Resis- Coupled Reinforcing Steel Bars. tance of Different Steel Reinforcement Types, Iowa State University Soltani, A., 2010. "Bond and Serviceability Characterization of Concrete CTRE report. Reinforced with High Strength Steel," PhD thesis, University of Pitts- Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., 2006. Corrosion Resistance of Alter- burgh. native Reinforcing Bars: An Accelerated Test Report Prepared for CRSI. Springstone, 2004. "Modular Pier for Naval Ports," Proceedings of the Yong, Y.K., Nour, M.G., and Nawy, E.G., 1988. "Behavior of Laterally ASCE Ports 2004 Conference. Confined High-Strength Concrete Axial Loads," ASCE Journal of Stephan, B., Restrepo, J., and Seible, F., 2003. "Seismic Behavior of Bridge Structural Engineering, Vol. 114, No. 2, pp 332351. Columns Built Incorporating MMFX Steel," UCSD Report SSRP- Yost, J.R., Gross, S.P., and Dinehart, D.W., 2003. "Effective Moment of 2003/09. Inertia for Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Reinforced Concrete Sumpter, M.S., 2007. "Behavior of High Performance Steel as Shear Rein- Beams," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 100, No. 6, pp 732739. forcement for Concrete Beams," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 106, Zeno, G.A., 2009. "Use of High Strength Steel Reinforcement in Shear No. 2, pp 171177. Friction Applications," MSCE thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 91 pp.