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119 APPENDIX F Developer Interview Research Template Interview Template for Contact with Non-Typical Applications: Leading-edge technologies that Developers of Most Promising are not being developed for Hazmat safety and security Technology Selections or even transportation per se The Transportation Research Board (TRB) has awarded a Your response to the interview will provide important series of projects under the Hazardous Materials Cooperative insights and guidance to both industry and government. Research Program (HMCRP). Our project is HM-04: Emerg- The interview data will be compiled and included in a public ing Technologies Applicable to the Safe and Secure Transporta- report that highlights emerging transportation technologies tion of Hazardous Materials. Here is the Scope of Work: http:// as well as opportunities and issues associated with product development, deployment and maintenance. 1606 on the TRB Website. The HM-04 research team, led by We commit to protect the confidentiality of your new tech- Battelle, is conducting this interview for this project. We have nology by not revealing your name, your organization's name, identified your organization as a developer of a promising or its location in our report or to any other party, unless you emerging technology. We would like to get more information otherwise authorized that. We will characterize your organiza- about your technology, its purpose, and your development tion generically, such as "a university engineering department" process. or a "mid-size automotive technology vendor." Likewise, we The objectives of HM-04 are to: do not intend to use the product name (if any). We are more interested in its functionality. The following questions are to help us better understand the Develop a list of near-term (less than 5 years) and longer- emerging technology we have identified. We have sent it in term (510 years) technologies that are candidates for advance of a scheduled phone interview, and you are encour- use in enhancing the safety and security of hazardous aged to fill in the information to save time during the interview. materials transportation, as applied by shippers, carri- Information source (Battelle fills out how we found out ers, emergency responders, or government regulatory about the technology) and enforcement agencies Identify emerging technologies that hold the greatest ___ Published literature promise of being introduced during these near- and ___ Patent search longer-term spans ___ Personal knowledge Identify potential impediments to and opportunities for ___ Online Search their development, deployment, and maintenance (e.g., technical, economic, legal, and institutional) General Information First, some general information about you and your The technologies being considered may be: company: Evolutionary: Advances to existing products that will result 1. Contact information in future improvements Company name: _______________________________ Revolutionary: New technology concepts Web site: _____________________________________

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120 Contact person: _______________________________ Back Office Title: ________________________________________ Tracking & Locating________________________ Address: _____________________________________ _________________________________________ Phone: _______________________________________ Security___________________________________ E-mail: ______________________________________ _________________________________________ 2. What is the size of your organization? Logistics & Business Efficiency _________________ ___ Small (less than $10M annual revenue) _________________________________________ ___ Medium ($10-$100M annual revenue) Software Applications & Information Technology__ ___ Large (over $100M annual revenue) _________________________________________ 3. What type of organization are you? Public Sector ___ Privately held Emergency/Incident Response_________________ ___ Publicly traded _________________________________________ ___ Non-profit research Regulatory Compliance______________________ ___ Educational _________________________________________ 4. What is the technology product you are developing? Infrastructure ____________________________________________ Surface & Air modes_________________________ ____________________________________________ _________________________________________ 5. Briefly describe what it does. Pipeline-specific____________________________ ____________________________________________ _________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Any other applications__________________________ 6. What recent information has been released regarding your ____________________________________________ 11. For what transport mode(s) is the technology targeted technology (last six months)? (check all that apply)? Or if not targeted at a transport ____________________________________________ mode, to which mode might it be? ____________________________________________ ___ Truck 7. Who is your primary target market? ___ Rail ____________________________________________ ___ Marine ____________________________________________ ___ Air 8. What benefit(s) could your technology provide in the ___ Pipeline area of hazardous materials transportation (check all that ___ Intermodal transfer apply)? 12. For what user(s) is the technology targeted or could be ___ Safety targeted (check all that apply)? ___ Security ___ Shipper ___ Efficiency ___ Carrier ___ Productivity ___ Emergency responder ___ Regulatory compliance ___ Government official 9. If the technology is expected to provide a safety or secu- ___ Other____________________________________ rity benefit, in what phase(s) can it be helpful (check all 13. Is this a new technology or a next-generation of an exist- that apply)? ing technology? ___ Preparedness ___ New ___ Prevention ___ Next Generation ___ Mitigation 14. Listed in the bulleted section below are characteristics that ___ Response define readiness on a 1 to 5 scale. What technology readi- 10. Choose the major application area(s) that the technology ness level on this scale best describes your technology? will support and enter on the lines why your technology ___ Level 1 basic technology principles have been meets needs in that application area. observed Personnel____________________________________ Fundamental scientific principles and assump- ____________________________________________ tions used in new technology are defined Conveyance__________________________________ Basic characterization data exists ____________________________________________ ___ Level 2 equipment and process concept formulated Cargo_______________________________________ System conceptual design, functional requirements ____________________________________________ and components identified

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121 Individual parts of the technology work 16. Please share any details you can on the timeline involved Availability of output devices are known in the technology development. System performance metrics established ____________________________________________ Risk areas and mitigation strategies identified ____________________________________________ Manufacturing capability known 17. What special efforts (if any) are needed to bring the tech- Performance predictions made for each component nology to Level 5? Experimental design formulated ____________________________________________ ___ Level 3 prototype demonstrated in laboratory ____________________________________________ environment 18. Are you aware of likely or potential interactions between Relationships between system and components are your technology and other technologies? If so, would it understood at engineering scale be positive or negative interaction? Operating environment for final system known ____________________________________________ Collection of maintainability, reliability and sup- ____________________________________________ portability data 19. Are you aware of any impediments to developing, deploy- Verification of component compatibility ing, and/or maintaining your technology? Performance baseline (including cost, schedule and ____________________________________________ scope) established ____________________________________________ Operating limits and off-normal operating re- 20. Can you share (or estimate) your total costs to bring your sponses for components determined technology into the market? What have you invested so Scaling issues that remain are identified and under- far and how much more do you need? stood ____________________________________________ Interface control process established ____________________________________________ Pre-production hardware available to support sys- 21. Roughly how much (as a range or estimate) will it cost tem fabrication the user to acquire and operate your product when it Engineering feasibility fully demonstrated reaches the market? ___ Level 4 technology product operational in limited ____________________________________________ real-world environment ____________________________________________ Discrete components of the product successfully 22. Based on your estimate, what is the average payback time tested under controlled "real-world" conditions to to the customer in years? ensure optimal function ____________________________________________ Product successfully demonstrated within the "sys- ____________________________________________ tem" it is designed to operate (i.e., test with other 23. Did you follow any technology development best prac- technologies that the product is anticipated to inter- tices? If so, what were they? act with) under controlled "real-world" conditions Receive feedback regarding recommended changes ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ from beta users Make product changes based on test results and ____________________________________________ user feedback ____________________________________________ ___ Level 5 technology product fully operational in 24. Is there any other information you want to share? real-world environment ____________________________________________ Product successfully used by customers under a ____________________________________________ wide range of environmental conditions, thereby ____________________________________________ ensuring proper robustness and functionality ____________________________________________ Training and supportability plans implemented Active mechanism in place to make product improvements in response to customer suggestions If you have any questions about this survey, please call: 15. What is the anticipated time for your technology to reach Level 5? Bill Tate ___ Within a year Battelle ___ 2-5 years 505 King Avenue ___ 6-9 years Columbus, Ohio 43201-2696 ___ 10-15 years 614-424-3315 (Eastern time zone)