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122 APPENDIX G References 1. Leybovich, I., "Tech Advances Improving Transportation 13. Olson, L., Rogers, G., Jasek, D., Morgan, C., Bierling, D., and Efficiency," ThomasNetNews, IMT Industry Market Trends, Warner, J., Alternative Technologies to Railroad Tank Car Placard- July 15, 2010, ing, Transportation Security Administration, Vienna, VA (March technology-advances-improveing-transportation-efficiency.html 2005) 58 pp. (As of July 15, 2010). 14. Dow Chemical Company website, Next Generation Rail Tank 2. Gorton, S., "Freight Rail Security Programs," presented at the Car Effort, Chemical Security Summit 2010, July 7, 2010, http://www.dhs. railtankcar.htm (As of July 15, 2010). gov/xlibrary/assets/chemsec_summit_2010_harmonization_scott_ 15. Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC) web- gorton.pdf, slide 3 of 12 (As of July 15, 2010). site, (As of July 15, 2010). 3. "Hazardous Materials--Safety Information Guide," American 16. Vehicle Immobilization Technologies: Best Practices for Industry and Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE), Law Enforcement, Final Report, Federal Motor Carrier Safety presskit/docs/ASSEHazamtBrochurelores102506.pdf (As of July Administration (November 2007), 15, 2010). facts-research/research-technology/report/VIT-Best-Practices-Law- 4. Transportation Security Administration, Transportation Sector Enforcement-Nov2007.pdf (As of July 15, 2010). Network Management website, 17. Untethered Trailer Tracking and Control System, Federal Motor Car- tsnm/index.shtm (As of July 20, 2010). rier Safety Administration (December 2005), http://www.fmcsa. 5. Wilson, D., "Cars are approaching `auto' pilot mode," November 6, 2009, dec05/untethered-dec05.pdf (As of July 15, 2010). and_science-innovation (As of July 15, 2010). 18. Expanded Satellite-Based Mobile Communications Tracking Sys- 6. Koblenz, J., "Sensational Sensors," CTW Features, November 14, tem Requirements, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 2007, (March 2006), (As of July 15, 2010). technology/report/Mobile-Communications/mobile-communica 7. U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Tech- tions-tracking-system-requirements.pdf (As of July 15, 2010). nology Administration website, overview of IntelliDriveSM initiative, 19. Hazardous Materials Safety and Security Operational Test, Federal (As of July 15, 2010). Motor Carrier Safety Administration (November 2005), website 8. Carney, D., "IntelliDrive program blends technology, safety," November 11, 2009, (As of July 15, 2010). technology_and_science-innovation (As of July 15, 2010). 20. Hazmat Truck Security Pilot/National Truck Tracking Center Proto- 9. Tate, W. HazMat Truck Security Pilot Objective 1, Task 4: Summary type, Objective 1, Task 1: Survey and Assess Technologies and Systems of Systems Engineering Assessment Preliminary Results, Transporta- for Tracking Trucks and Cargo, Final Report, Transportation Security tion Security Administration, Vienna, VA (August 2007) 50 pp. Administration, Vienna, VA (November 2007) 50 pp. 10. National Institute for Hometown Security, Technical Topic Area: 21. Homeland Security for the Trucking Industry, American Trans- Prevention, "North American Transportation Security Center," portation Research Institute (ATRI) and the University of Min- nesota, Final Report, International Truck & Engine Corporation may-2008 (As of July 15, 2010). (July 2005), (As of 11. Transportation Security Administration, Highway Security-Sensi- July 15, 2010). tive Materials (HSSM) Security Action Items: 22. TSA list of Tier 1 and Tier 2 Highway Security-Sensitive Materials what_we_do/tsnm/highway/hssm_sai.shtm, Appendix A: http:// (HSSM) with applicable Voluntary Security Action Items, June 26,, rev June 25, 2008, 2008, and Appendix B: 062608.pdf (As of July 15, 2010). hssm_list.pdf, rev April 9, 2008 (As of July 15, 2010). 23. Transportation Research Board E-Newsletter, 12. Tate, W., Applebaum, D., and Loftis, D., Tracking Railcars Trans- news/blurb_detail.asp?id=3946 (As of July 15, 2010). porting Bulk Toxic Inhalation Hazards, Transportation Security 24. TRB website publications drop-down, (As of Administration, Vienna, VA (April 2005) (restricted distribution). July 15, 2010).

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123 25. Transportation Communications Newsletter website, http://finance. 42. U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous (As of July Materials Administration, Hazardous Materials--Automated Cargo 15, 2010). Communications for Efficient and Safe Shipments (HM-ACCESS) 26. ITS International E-newsletter, website, (As of July registration/index.cfm (As of July 15, 2010). 21, 2010). 27. ERTICO--ITS Europe eNewsletter, (As of July 43. RFID Interference Measurement, National Institute of Standards 15, 2010). and Technology, Information Technology Laboratory, http:// 28. Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineering (IEEE), Intelli- (As of July 21, gent Transportation Systems Society Newsletter, http://www.ewh. 2010). (As of July 15, 2010). 44. Mathias, A., "City to Install Chemical Sensor at Port," 29. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Lessons Learned Infor- Eyewitness News website article, July 20, 2010, http://www.wpri. mation Sharing (LLIS) restricted website, com/dpp/news/city-of-providence-pema-to-install-chemical- (As of July 15, 2010). sensors- in-port-of-providence (As of July 21, 2010). 30. European Research Area (ERA) website, http://www.transport- 45. Parry, T., "DOT Says More Help Needed to Stop CDL fraud," Fleet (As of July 15, 2010). Owner website, 31. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Technology Review, (As of July 21, 2010). Special Report: 10 Emerging Technologies 2009, 46. "Volpe Center Continues Railroad Tank Car Structural Integrity and Spe- Research," Volpe Highlights, July/August 2007, pp. 6-7, www. cial Report: 10 Emerging Technologies 2008, (As of July 21, 2010). (As of July 15, 47. Fronczak, R., "Tank Car Safety and Security," Association of Amer- 2010). ican Railroads Presentation for the North American Rail Mechan- 32. Association of American Railroads, Transportation Technology Cen- ical Operations (NARMO) Seminar, St. Louis, MO, April 1, 2009. ter, Inc., website, (As of July 15, 2010). 48. Northeast Operating Rules Advisory Committee (NORAC) Eighth Edi- 33. National Transportation Safety Board, Most Wanted Technologies tion, effective January 1, 2003; General Rules, Section A, Required website, Books, p. 5; Rule 99: Movements on FRA Excepted Track, p. 24; and (As of July 15, 2010). Rule 119: Hazardous Material, Equipment of Excessive Weight or 34. Abernethy, B., Preventative Measures, Thinking Highways, North Dimensions, p. 30, American Edition, Volume 2, Issue 4, November/December 2007 %20Edition%20NJT.pdf (As of July 21, 2010). (Table 1 reproduced with permission of the author). 49. General Code of Operating Rules (GCOR), Fifth Edition, 2005, 35. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Hazardous Materials Rule 1.3.1 Rules, Regulations, and Instructions, p. 1-2; Rule 6.12 FRA Serious Crash Analysis: Phase 2 Final Report, April 2005, http:// Excepted Track, p. 6-5, GCOR%202005.pdf (As of July 21, 2010). Hazardous-Materials-Serious-Crash-Analysis-Phase2-April2005. 50. 49 CFR 228.19, Monthly Reports of Excess Service, http://edocket. pdf. (As of July 15, 2010). (As of July 21, 36. U.S. Department of Transportation Bureau of Transportation 2010). Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce/U.S. Census Bureau, 51. United States Hazardous Material Instructions for Rail, Association Hazardous Materials 2002 Economic Census, Transportation 2002 of American Railroads/ Transportation Technology Center, Inc./ Commodity Flow Survey, December 2004, p. 1, Table 1a. "Haz- Bureau of Explosives, BOE Books and Reference Material website ardous Material Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transporta- (June 25, 2008), and tion for the United States: 2002," download/US_HMI_Final%202008.pdf (As of July 21, 2010). commodity_flow_survey/2002/hazardous_materials (As of July 15, 52. AAR committee sets mid-2010 deadline for rail industry's narrowband 2010). conversion, Progressive, 37. U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime Administration, (As of July 21, Inland Rivers, Ports & Terminals, Inc. website, http://www.irpt. 2010). net/irpt.nsf/LinksView/EnvironmentalAdvantages0c3a.html?Open 53. Trains Carrying Hazmat Must Use Safest, Most Secure Route, Fed- document (As of July 21, 2010). eral Railroad Administration Press Release, April 16, 2008, http:// 38. Reed, K. and Reimann, R., Cargo Security Symposium & National (As of July 21, CDC Security Strategy, presented at the Chemical Security Summit 2010). 2010, Baltimore, MD, July 7, 2010 (As of July 21, 2010). 54. Trench, C., The U.S. Oil Pipeline Industry's Safety Performance 39. "Safer Train Tank Car Tech Rolling Down the Line," Popular (2003). Prepared for Association of Oil Pipelines, Mechanics, February 6, 2007. gov/commission/dockets/hydrocarbonpipeline/2007/Hp07-001/ technology/gadgets/4212536 (As of July 21, 2010). 121107performance.pdf (As of July 21, 2010). 40. St. John, G., "GE's Green Locomotives," greentechmedia, May 19, 55. Supervisory Control of Data Acquisition (Safety Study NTSB/SS- 2009, 05/02), National Transportation Safety Board (2005), http://www. locomotives-4713 (As of July 21, 2010). (summary) (As of July 21, 2010). 41. "Finalists Unveiled for the Fourth Annual RFID Journal Awards," 56. Pipeline Inspection, Protection, Enforcement, and Safety Act of 2006, RFID Journal, March 18, 2010, (As of July view/7467 (As of November 10, 2010). 21, 2010).