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July 2011 NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM Responsible Senior Program Officer: Gwen Chisholm-Smith Research Results Digest 354 A REVIEW OF HUMAN SERVICES TRANSPORTATION PLANS AND GRANT PROGRAMS This digest presents the results of NCHRP Project 20-65, Task 26, "An Analysis and Evaluation of States' Implementation of the FTA 5310, 5316, and 5317 Programs." The research was conducted by AECOM, Arlington, Virginia, with Foursquare Integrated Transportation Planning (ITP), Rockville, Maryland, serving as a subconsultant. Sara Carini of AECOM was the Principal Investigator. The other authors of this report are Lora Byala, Shana Johnson, and Eric Randall of Foursquare ITP and Laura Riegel of AECOM. C O N T E N T S CHAPTER 1 Introduction, 1 Internet Survey, 2 Telephone Survey, 4 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION · Section 5310 Transportation for FTA Grants Data, 6 Elderly Individuals and Individu- Conclusions and Findings, 7 Pursuant to the Safe, Accountable, Flex- als with Disabilities Grant Program CHAPTER 2 Internet Survey ible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A (1). The program was created in 1975, of State Departments of Transportation (DOTs), 9 Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), the Fed- under the National Mass Transporta- Summary of Survey Responses, 10 eral Transit Administration (FTA) insti- tion Assistance Act. The goal of Conclusions, 24 tuted a planning requirement as a condition Section 5310 is to improve mobility CHAPTER 3 Telephone Survey of State DOTs and Representative of federal funding for its human services- for elderly individuals and individu- Agencies, 25 related grant programs for individuals with als with disabilities. States are the Selection of States, 25 Interview Process, 26 disabilities, older adults, and individuals designated recipients of Section 5310 Summary of Survey Responses, 28 with lower incomes. As a result, since 2007, funds, and the funds are apportioned Conclusions, 48 FTA has required the establishment of a lo- by a formula based on the number CHAPTER 4 FTA Grants Data, 49 Summary of JARC and NF cally developed, coordinated public transit/ of elderly persons and persons with Programs, 50 human services transportation plan (Coor- disabilities in each state. Eligible JARC Program, 50 NF Program, 51 dination Plan) for all FTA human services activities include capital expenses Conclusions, 54 transportation programs. The Coordination (e.g., vehicles and communication CHAPTER 5 Conclusions Plan must be developed through an inclu- equipment); purchase of transporta- and Findings, 54 Costs Associated with Human sive process that involves representatives tion services under a contract, lease, Services Transportation Plans and Grant Programs, 54 from public, private, and nonprofit trans- or other arrangement; and mobility Successes Associated with Human portation and human services providers, as management. Services Transportation Plans and Grant Programs, 56 well as the public. The intent of this require- · Section 5316 Job Access and Findings, 58 ment is to bring the right people to the table Reverse Commute (JARC) Grant REFERENCES, 60 to discuss human services transportation Program (1). Section 5316 was es- ABBREVIATIONS AND issues and identify opportunities to assist tablished in 1998, under the Trans- ACRONYMS, 60 more people, reduce service gaps and over- portation Equity Act for the 21st Cen- APPENDIX A--Blank Internet Survey Form, 61 laps, and increase the cost effectiveness of tury (TEA-21). Section 5316 seeks to the services provided. improve transportation services that APPENDIX B--Telephone Interview Questionnaire, 61 A brief description of each of the FTA provide access to employment and APPENDIX C--Detailed Telephone human services transportation programs is employment-related activities for Interview Summaries, 61 provided as follows. welfare recipients and low-income