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have been allocated to them. After states select ser- appropriations lapsed and more than 12 percent of FY vice providers through a competitive process, states 2006 NF appropriations lapsed. Additionally, roughly can either: 40 percent of FY 2007 JARC and NF funds have been obligated and 15 percent of FY 2008 JARC and NF 1. Transfer the claim on funds to a service pro- funds have been obligated. vider and allow the provider to apply directly While the tables indicate that there were some to FTA for program funds, which may expedite initial delays in obligating JARC and NF funds, they the time it takes for the provider to receive fed- also demonstrate that the amount of JARC and NF eral funding, or funds obligated in the appropriation year is increas- 2. Apply to FTA for the funds apportioned to ing and the amount obligated in each successive year it and pass through the funds to subrecipi- is also increasing as states and grantees gain famil- ents serving small urbanized areas or non- iarity with the required coordinated planning process urbanized areas. and grant administration associated with the new NF Using data from the FTA website, FY 2006 and program and the new formula-based allocation of FY 2007 FTA Statistical Summaries (the FY 2008 JARC funds under SAFETEA-LU. FTA Statistical Summary was not available at the time of the analysis), and the U.S. Government Accounting JARC Program Office's (GAO's) Report: Progress and Challenges in Implementing and Evaluating the JARC Program For details on the JARC obligations of individ- (May 2009), the following tables examine the portion ual states and urbanized areas, data from the FTA of JARC and NF funds that have been appropriated to Statistical Summaries for FY 2006 and FY 2007 and and obligated by the states. These tables help identify GAO Report to Congressional Committees 09-496, the extent to which states and their grantees are hav- Progress and Challenges in Implementing and Eval- ing difficulty obligating the appropriated funds before uating the Job Access and Reverse Commute Pro- they expire, because these grants must be obligated gram (May 2009) were analyzed. Since the JARC within 3 years of appropriation. Any funds not oblig- program was in place prior to SAFETEA-LU, and ated after 3 years will be reapportioned among all re- funds appropriated under the JARC program can be cipients in the next FY appropriations, e.g., lapsed FY obligated within 3 years of appropriation, the analy- 2006 funds are reapportioned as part of FY 2009. sis of FY 2006 and FY 2007 FTA Statistical Sum- maries data on JARC obligations by population group and urbanized areas (UZA) was not at an ap- Summary of JARC and NF Programs propriate level of detail for determining how much Tables 21 and 22 summarize the total appropri- of the FY 2006 and FY 2007 appropriations had ated funds (for all states and urbanized area desig- been obligated by the end of FY 2007. Many states nated recipients) for the JARC and NF grant pro- had significantly larger obligations than appropria- grams for FY 2006 through FY 2008. They reveal tions, likely due to appropriations made prior to FY that nearly 45 percent of the FY 2006 through FY 2006. As a result, the analysis of JARC obligations 2008 JARC and NF appropriations have been oblig- in comparison to appropriations relied on data avail- ated; however, nearly 14 percent of FY 2006 JARC able in the GAO Report, which does not include the Table 21 Summary of total JARC funds appropriated and obligated between FY 2006 and FY 2008. Transferred Obligated Obligated in Obligated in Out (as of % FY Appropriated in FY 06 FY 07 FY 08 9/30/08)1 Remaining Unobligated 2006 $136,620,000 $5,291,004 $22,731,680 $87,374,069 $2,621,612 $18,603,175 13.6% 2007 $144,000,000 $7,204,231 $47,596,190 $1,909,878 $87,289,701 60.6% 2008 $156,000,000 $22,376,472 $859,596 $132,763,932 85.1% Total $436,620,000 $5,291,004 $29,935,911 $157,346,731 $5,391,086 $238,656,808 54.7% 1States are allowed to transfer JARC funds to Section 5307 Urbanized Area formula grant program and Section 5311 Rural Transit Assistance Program. Source: FTA, http://www.fta.dot.gov/funding/grants/grants_financing_9293.html. 50