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Table 22 Summary of total NF funds appropriated and obligated between FY 2006 and FY 2008. Obligated Obligated Obligated in Total % FY Appropriated in FY 06 in FY 07 FY 08 Obligated Unobligated 2006 $77,200,000 $1,269,027 $6,786,605 $59,556,856 $67,612,488 12.4% 2007 $81,000,000 $2,537,311 $28,079,915 $30,617,226 62.2% 2008 $87,500,000 $12,233,883 $12,233,883 86.0% Total $245,700,000 $1,269,027 $9,323,916 $99,870,654 $110,463,597 55.0% Source: FTA, http://www.fta.dot.gov/funding/grants/grants_financing_7188.html. state detail for each year, but rather talks about the SAFETEA-LU, the FTA Statistical Summaries for obligations in general and includes data on those FY 2006 and FY 2007 provided reliable data on states and UZAs that had FY 2006 JARC funds obligations of these grants prior to the end of FY lapse. 2007 because there were no appropriations prior to As shown in Table 21, the states and urbanized FY 2006. Table 24 demonstrates that by the end of areas have obligated (or transferred out) $118 million FY 2007, only 6.6 percent of FY 2006 and FY 2007 of FY 2006 JARC appropriations (approximately NF appropriations had been obligated. However, it is 86 percent), $57 million of FY 2007 appropriations important to note that by the end of FY 2008, an ad- (approximately 39 percent), and $23 million of FY ditional $87.6 million of FY 2006 and FY 2007 NF 2008 appropriations (approximately 15 percent). appropriations were obligated, bringing the percent- While the obligation percentages increased during age of FY 2006 and FY 2007 appropriations that had the 3-year obligation period after appropriation, FY been obligated up to 62 percent. 2006 still had $18.6 million (or 13.6 percent) in Due to the obligation data available in the FTA JARC appropriations lapse at the end of FY 2008. Statistical Summaries, the apportionments and oblig- Table 23 summarizes the urbanized areas and states ations shown for each state in Table 24 include the sum that had FY 2006 JARC funds lapse and the amount of the large urbanized areas, small urbanized areas, of funding lapsed. and non-urbanized area portions. The NF funds for The largest amounts of lapsed funding occurred urbanized areas that are located in multiple states are in large urbanized areas ($10.9 million) and small ur- included in each state shown in Table 24; this means banized areas ($5.2 million); approximately 13 per- that the total apportionments for each of the states cent of FY 2006 JARC appropriated funds to large with urban areas that cross state lines and the total for urban areas and approximately 19 percent of FY 2006 all states include duplicate entries. As a result, the ap- JARC appropriated funds to small urban areas ex- portionments are overestimated. The table attempts pired. However, in large urbanized areas, 20 of the 28 to correct this in the total apportionments; however, areas with lapsed funds (71 percent) allowed 100 per- it is difficult to correct for the double counting within cent of their FY 2006 funds totaling $9.4 million to states as it is not known how the urbanized area funds lapse; while, in small urbanized areas, six of 12 areas are distributed to projects within each state. with lapsed funds (50 percent) allowed 100 percent of As shown in Table 22, the states and urbanized their FY 2006 funds totaling $2.9 million to lapse. In areas have obligated $67.6 million of FY 2006 NF ap- non-urbanized areas, two of five areas with lapsed propriations (approximately 88 percent), $30.6 mil- funds (40 percent) allowed 100 percent of their FY lion of FY 2007 NF appropriations (approximately 2006 funds totaling $0.42 million to lapse. 40 percent), and $12.2 million of FY 2008 NF appro- priations (approximately 12 percent). Of these FY 2006 and 2007 obligations, Table 24 indicates that the NF Program obligations were made by only 20 states (or territo- For details on the NF obligations of individual ries) by the end of FY 2007. At the end of FY 2007, states, data from the FTA Statistical Summaries for 31 states had not obligated any of their FY 2006 and FY 2006 and FY 2007 were analyzed to determine FY 2007 NF funds. Only one state, Wyoming, had the appropriations and obligations of the state portion obligated all of its FY 2006 and 2007 NF grants, of the NF grant program and are shown in Table 24. while three states (Iowa, Oregon, and Washington) Since the NF program was a new program under had obligated at least one-third of their FY 2006 and 51

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Table 23 Urbanized areas and states with lapsed FY 2006 JARC funds. Service Area Allocated Amount Lapsed Amount Lapsed % Large Urbanized Areas Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian, PR $ 530,843 $ 530,843 100% Austin, TX $ 406,084 $ 406,084 100% Bakersfield, CA $ 318,265 $ 238,265 75% Barnstable Town, MA $ 75,115 $ 14,105 19% Columbia, SC $ 191,671 $ 191,671 100% Columbus, GA-AL $ 487,856 $ 149,168 31% Daytona Beach-Port Orange, FL $ 136,539 $ 136,539 100% Durham, NC $ 152,453 $ 18,975 12% Fayetteville, NC $ 152,079 $ 152,079 100% Greenville, SC $ 154,803 $ 154,803 100% Gulfport-Biloxi, MS $ 116,718 $ 116,718 100% Harrisburg, PA $ 118,352 $ 118,352 100% Honolulu, HI $ 296,056 $ 296,056 100% Jackson, MS $ 188,181 $ 188,181 100% Lexington-Fayette, KY $ 125,080 $ 125,080 100% Miami, FL $ 2,798,658 $ 2,798,658 100% Milwaukee, WI $ 586,353 $ 307,613 52% Mission Viejo, CA $ 110,760 $ 110,760 100% Palm Bay-Melbourne, FL $ 162,591 $ 162,591 100% Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD $ 2,177,282 $ 156,161 7% Port St. Lucie, FL $ 134,102 $ 134,102 100% Poughkeepsie-Newburgh, NY $ 138,244 $ 138,244 100% Reading, PA $ 108,520 $ 108,520 100% Richmond, VA $ 325,063 $ 292,557 90% Riverside-San Bernadino, CA $ 1,025,531 $ 347,894 34% San Juan, PR $ 3,175,710 $ 3,175,710 100% Spokane, WA-ID $ 178,704 $ 178,704 100% Victorville-Hesperia-Apple Valley, CA $ 130,784 $ 130,784 100% Total Large Urbanized Areas with Lapsed Funds $ 14,502,397 $ 10,879,217 75% Total All Large Urbanized Areas $ 81,972,000 $ 10,879,217 13% Small Urbanized Areas (State) California $ 2,846,331 $ 1,050,607 37% Delaware $ 47,028 $ 47,028 100% Hawaii $ 51,652 $ 51,652 100% Indiana $ 672,488 $ 18,627 3% Louisiana $ 793,743 $ 250,000 31% Mississippi $ 142,431 $ 142,431 100% Nevada $ 37,708 $ 37,708 100% New York $ 513,343 $ 426,704 83% North Carolina $ 871,922 $ 550,122 63% Puerto Rico $ 2,571,505 $ 2,571,505 100% Utah $ 126,160 $ 1,535 1% Wyoming $ 97,515 $ 97,515 100% Total Small Urbanized Areas with Lapsed Funds $ 8,771,826 $ 5,245,434 60% Total All Small Urbanized Areas $ 27,324,000 $ 5,245,434 19% Non-urbanized, Rural Areas (State) California $ 1,392,047 $ 880,209 63% Delaware $ 60,739 $ 60,739 100% Indiana $ 547,252 $ 312,252 57% North Carolina $ 1,377,832 $ 862,267 63% Puerto Rico $ 354,265 $ 354,265 100% Total Non-Urbanized Areas with Lapsed Funds $ 3,732,135 $ 2,469,732 66% Total All Non-urbanized Rural Areas $ 27,324,000 $ 2,469,732 9% Source: Appendix II from the GAO-09-496 Report, Federal Transit Administration: Progress and Challenges in Implementing and Evaluating the Job Access Reverse Commute Program, May 2009, http://www.fta.dot.gov/documents/GA0_09_496(1).pdf. 52

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Table 24 Comparison of NF apportionments and obligations by state for FY 2006 and FY 2007.1 Apportionments Obligations Total % Obligated Obligations State 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006-2007 2006-2007 Alabama2 $ 1,428,410 $ 1,549,415 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Alaska $ 104,035 $ 116,682 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Arizona $ 1,361,883 $ 1,412,997 $ - $ 803,237 $ 803,237 28.9% Arkansas2 $ 1,004,603 $ 1,103,232 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% California $ 9,674,000 $ 10,241,457 $ 352,141 $ 1,608,351 $ 1,960,492 9.8% Colorado $ 1,058,292 $ 1,088,537 $ 472,048 $ - $ 472,048 22.0% Connecticut2 $ 6,963,755 $ 7,012,164 $ - $ 580,703 $ 580,703 4.2% Delaware2 $ 1,606,049 $ 1,581,231 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Florida2 $ 5,187,295 $ 5,697,223 $ 314,866 $ - $ 314,866 2.9% Georgia2 $ 2,463,121 $ 2,337,923 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Hawaii $ 289,784 $ 310,637 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Idaho2 $ 395,970 $ 434,827 $ - $ 10,552 $ 10,552 1.3% Illinois2 $ 4,112,410 $ 3,902,883 $ - $ 2,260,880 $ 2,260,880 28.2% Indiana2 $ 4,426,496 $ 4,399,392 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Iowa2 $ 819,690 $ 831,970 $ - $ 643,830 $ 643,830 39.0% Kansas2 $ 796,948 $ 842,226 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Kentucky2 $ 1,263,595 $ 1,541,572 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Louisiana $ 1,277,422 $ 1,399,660 $ 78,723 $ - $ 78,723 2.9% Maine $ 294,926 $ 353,257 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Maryland2 $ 3,625,637 $ 3,495,840 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Massachusetts2 $ 2,179,355 $ 2,198,497 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Michigan2 $ 2,962,718 $ 2,970,668 $ - $ 61,525 $ 61,525 1.0% Minnesota $ 951,281 $ 980,199 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Mississippi2 $ 955,515 $ 1,003,230 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Missouri2 $ 1,553,940 $ 1,627,581 $ - $ 120,279 $ 120,279 3.8% Montana $ 215,173 $ 222,185 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Nebraska2 $ 327,448 $ 346,509 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Nevada $ 527,671 $ 607,306 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% New Hampshire2 $ 1,534,771 $ 1,463,289 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% New Jersey2 $ 7,670,901 $ 7,718,454 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% New Mexico2 $ 560,598 $ 689,698 $ 51,249 $ 14,700 $ 65,949 5.3% New York2 $ 7,519,513 $ 7,710,296 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% North Carolina2 $ 2,131,719 $ 2,249,643 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% North Dakota $ 146,896 $ 164,289 $ - $ 51,343 $ 51,343 16.5% Ohio2 $ 2,819,825 $ 3,047,964 $ - $ 273,133 $ 273,133 4.7% Oklahoma $ 779,289 $ 882,760 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Oregon2 $ 826,913 $ 935,545 $ - $ 670,298 $ 670,298 38.0% Pennsylvania2 $ 3,921,041 $ 3,873,010 $ - $ 80,000 $ 80,000 1.0% Puerto Rico $ 1,325,846 $ 1,842,071 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Rhode Island2 $ 1,547,940 $ 1,522,115 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% South Carolina2 $ 1,358,241 $ 1,468,798 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% South Dakota $ 165,571 $ 172,368 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Tennessee2 $ 1,524,684 $ 1,732,247 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Texas2 $ 5,616,227 $ 5,917,447 $ - $ 500,280 $ 500,280 4.3% Utah $ 426,158 $ 479,139 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Vermont $ 118,817 $ 123,475 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Virginia2 $ 2,421,710 $ 2,352,142 $ - $ 73,036 $ 73,036 1.5% Washington2 $ 1,858,731 $ 2,029,587 $ - $ 1,272,783 $ 1,272,783 32.7% West Virginia $ 530,542 $ 620,419 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Wisconsin2 $ 1,377,298 $ 1,354,055 $ - $ - $ - 0.0% Wyoming $ 99,830 $ 119,156 $ - $ 218,986 $ 218,986 100.0% Total2 $ 104,110,483 $ 108,077,267 $ 1,269,027 $ 9,243,916 $ 10,512,943 5.0% Program Total $ 77,200,000 $ 81,000,000 6.6% Duplicated Urban Area Funds $ 26,910,483 $ 27,077,267 1 Please note that while the percentage of NF funds obligated by the end of FY 2007 was only 6.6 percent, by the end of FY 2008, an additional $87.6 million of FY 2006 and FY 2007 NF appropriations was obligated, bringing the percentage of FY 2006 and FY 2007 appropriations that had been obligated up to 62 percent. 2 Note that the apportionments for each state include money designated for urban areas. The urban area funds may be duplicated in other states because some urban areas cross state lines; therefore, the sum of apportionments is greater than the program apportionments for FY 2006 and FY 2007. Source: FTA Statistical Summaries, FY 2006 and FY 2007, http://www.fta.dot.gov/funding/data/grants_financing_1090.html. 53