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2 collect and analyze data from a sample of Tribes and transporta- 1.4 Guidebook Limitations tion agencies across the country in Phase 2; and, finally, deliver the Guidebook and develop a detailed implementation plan in This Guidebook has been developed to facilitate collabora- Phase 3. tive efforts between federal, state or local agencies and tribes. During Phase 1, the Research Team conducted a literature However, this research did not intend to address major sov- review of pertinent domestic and international research and ereignty issues (i.e., the tribe has not been recognized either developed a detailed research plan. The outcome of this initial at the federal or at the state level). When these situations are phase was a technical memorandum including detailed infor- present, the results of this research can be used only to pro- mation on the approach for collecting and analyzing data and/ vide general guidance. or information. In addition, given the large variety of issues among regions, During Phase 2, the Research Team identified practical tribes, agencies, and specific transportation projects, a "one practices for communication, cooperation, and coordination size fits all" approach is improbable. As a result, tools listed in between transportation agencies and Tribal communities in this guidebook may not work well in some situations. To mit- order to facilitate successful transportation projects. The Re- igate this aspect, the research methodology was designed to search Team used both qualitative and quantitative data anal- identify an approach that will most probably facilitate collab- ysis techniques to analyze the results. Qualitative analysis, oration. Continuous utilization of the guidebook will provide including the identification of similarities among responses, feedback on limitations of individual practices. The imple- was used to analyze the interview data. Quantitative analysis, mentation process includes steps to learn from mistakes and including frequencies, correlations and relationships among adjust the process to the specific context. variables, were used to analyze the questionnaire data and ana- lyze portions of the interview data. The outcome of this phase 1.5 Overview of Guidebook Content was the Interim Report which included detailed information on research findings, Research Team recommendations for the This Guidebook is organized into five chapters and includes implementation of the identified practices, and a detailed out- a set of appendices containing supporting information. Chap- line of the Guidebook. ter 2 provides an assessment of legal and policy requirements. Phase 3 included three tasks and produced a preliminary Chapter 3 outlines the concept of intergovernmental net- draft of the final report and of the Guidebook. These documents works. Chapter 4 outlines key concepts necessary for a suc- were submitted to NCHRP for review by the project panel and cessful implementation of the Guidebook. Chapter 5 describes staff. The principal investigator (PI) then finalized the report the tools and processes of the Tribe/Agency Collaboration and Guidebook to incorporate the reviewers' comments. Toolbox (TACT).