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28 Figure 2. TACT process. cultural competency; (2) protection/preservation of tribal- may know of historical tribal occupation of the area. For this sensitive resource; (3) confidentiality of tribal-sensitive mat- reason, the agency may answer "yes" to the question, indicat- ters; (4) sovereignty; (5) land ownership; and (6) monetary ing that the issue has the potential of being encountered. matters have been identified in previous chapters as com- Each entity involved in the project should complete the monly encountered on transportation projects of concern to appropriate checklist to identify which issues may be encoun- tribal communities. These issues, if not mitigated, could lead tered on the project. In addition, parties can conduct a joint to delays or, ultimately, unsuccessful projects. For this reason, self-assessment by using the checklists (one for each party two checklists have been provided in Appendix B to assist involved) to identify issues, comparing the results to assess dif- project stakeholders in identifying potential issues prior to ferences, and combining each party's results to develop a joint project commencement, so that practices for successful imple- comprehensive collaboration strategy. mentation can be selected. The two checklists provided are to be used (a) by tribes and 5.4 Step 3: Selection of Desired (b) by federal, state, or local agencies. Each checklist is written Level of Collaboration from the vantage point of its user. For example, in the agency checklist, under the issue, "protection/preservation of tribal- After the potential issues have been identified by each of sensitive resources," the agency local, federal, or state is the parties involved, parties should evaluate and select the asked if any sites or resources that are affected by the project appropriate level on the Ladder of Collaboration. If a joint- may be of concern to a tribe. The agency might be unsure as assessment has been performed, this step can be conducted as to what tribal sites are located in the vicinity of the project, but part of the joint-assessment exercise. Selecting the level of col-