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31 Figure 6. Case studies on cooperation. example, if an agency has identified cultural competency as a 5.8.1 Step 1: Identification potential issue on a project, the entity can choose to utilize a of Transportation Initiative presentation as a communication practice on the project. By cross-referencing this issue with this practice, case studies, A state DOT is designing a new interstate interchange. The like Case Study 23 for this example, can be easily identified. project area is next to tribal land and provides connectivity The identified cases can then be found in Appendix C. between reservation parcels. The DOT has worked success- fully with the affected tribe in previous projects. Although the project is not on tribal land, the area is heavily used by tribal 5.7 Step 6: Review of members to access services and schools. The tribe has confi- Implementation Plan, Lessons dential reasons to oppose part of the proposed alignment. They Learned and Recommendations are aware of a burial located in the project area, but do not want A detailed Guidebook Implementation Plan (GIP) is to disclose this or its exact location. For this project, the tribe included in the Guidebook in Appendix D and Practice- requested new sidewalks and streetlights to be installed Specific Implementation Plans (PSIPs) are included in through the adjacent business area. The DOT wants the tribe Appendix E. Once 3C practices have been tentatively selected to help pay for the streetlight utilities. In addition, the DOT for a given project, tribes and agencies can refer to GIP wants the tribe to maintain the new sidewalks, but the tribe is and PSIPs to assess what is required to implement the reluctant to commit to cleaning up areas outside of the reser- selected practices. If concerns arise on the implementation at vation boundaries. this time, there is the opportunity to return to Step 3 and select alternative practices. 5.8.2 Step 2: Identification To be noticed are the lessons learned and recommendations of Underlying Issues to implement each of the practices, which were provided by tribal and agency practitioners and are expected to facilitate the The second step in the process is to identify the issues that design and implementation of collaboration strategies. could be present by utilizing the assessment checklists. These should be completed by the transportation agency (or agencies) and the tribe (or tribes) involved. The checklists 5.8 Using TACT: An Example can be completed by each entity on their own or working A single project example will be used to follow the guidebook together. If any entity identifies an issue, that issue is process, including: (1) project identification; (2) identification included in the overall issue list for the project. If a specific of issues; (3) selection of collaboration level; (4) selection of issue wasn't identified by either entity, it is assumed not to strategies; (5) identification and review of relevant case studies; be present on the project. For this project it was determined and (6) referral to an implementation plan for one practice. that the following issues could have a potential effect on the