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32 project (these were identified by compiling each entity's all be effective for addressing the issues identified. It may be checklist into a joint list of issues): decided that a meeting be held to work on developing a formal agreement with regards to the monetary issue, or the meeting Protection/preservation of tribal-sensitive resources the could be used to identify a mutually agreed-upon tribal liaison. tribe wants the burial site protected Finally, the cooperation strategies should be cross refer- Confidentiality of tribal-sensitive matters the tribe can- enced with the issues. In the cooperation practices, many not divulge the location or specifics about the site opportunities exist for selecting effective strategies as most of Monetary issues the state wants the tribe to help pay for the cooperation strategies are appropriate for most of the issues. streetlight utilities In the case of this project, resource sharing may be helpful in addressing the monetary issues. Investigating alternatives might be helpful in addressing all three issues. This practice, 5.8.3 Step 3: Selection of Desired Level when used in conjunction with those identified in communi- of Collaboration cation and coordination, can aid in project success. All prac- The third step is to select the appropriate level on the Lad- tices identified as effective when identified issues are present der of Collaboration. As noted in previous sections of this can be mixed and matched to best create an implementation Guidebook, the levels progress from communication to co- strategy that will enable success. ordination to cooperation, and often the levels are revisited throughout a given project. Furthermore, at the higher levels, 5.8.5 Step 5: Identification and Review strategies will often overlap or coincide with each other of Related Case Studies during the implementation process. For example, emergency preparedness planning (cooperation) might include a meet- Before moving toward the implementation of the strategy ing or a workshop (coordination) where a presentation or designed in the previous step, the case studies should be training takes place (communication). referred to in order to understand how others have dealt with For this project, it was determined to begin at the communi- similar cases. Using the case study matrix (presented above) cation level to clarify issues and to share what information can case studies can be selected for review. For example, there are be shared, but a goal was set to eventually reach the cooperation a number of case studies for the 3C practices that were iden- level, specifically regarding the monetary issues. tified for this project. After reviewing several case studies, ini- tial thoughts on the 3C practices selected and overall strategy may change. This could assist in refining the strategy to be 5.8.4 Step 4: Selection of 3C Practices used for the project. The fourth step is to use the Strategy Matrix to identify potential 3C practices to address the identified issues. Com- 5.8.6 Step 6: Review of Implementation munication practices will be examined first. The last two com- Plan, Lessons Learned, munication practices as listed on the Strategy Matrix, tribal and Recommendations moderator and training, are "green" or effective when each of the issues identified are present. With these two practices as For the sake of the example project, it will be assumed that options, it may be decided that training be used to communi- the use of a presentation constitutes a communication prac- cate to all parties regarding the issues. In addition, a tribal tice that will be used for the project. The implementation plan moderator may be employed to carry communication forward for presentations can then be referred to. The implementation throughout the project, while ensuring that all parties are plan provides guidance to using the 3C practice. In addition, heard and understood. lessons learned and recommendations will be provided for the Next, the coordination practices can be reviewed. The prac- practices. The implementation plan also reviews the success of tices of meetings, a tribal liaison, and formal agreements can the strategy for future reference.