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10 Truck Drayage Productivity Guide Load Shipper Export container 1 Booking 8 Drayage Create Bring Drop off Dispatch Pick up Drayage Firm receives empty Empty to Load to Firm driver Empty Booking order exporter terminal 2b 3 4 5 7 9 Terminal 2a 6 10 Terminal receives Terminal Terminal receives Booking delivers Empty Load Figure 24. Generic high-level export drayage process. The empty container is then returned to the marine terminal where the driver goes through the same basic gate and container yard subprocesses. Export Drayage Process Figure 24 displays a high-level map of the export drayage process. It differs from the import drayage process in a few basic ways. The cycle starts with an export booking by the shipper, essentially a reservation for an out- bound container on a specific voyage. The booking is assigned a "booking number" and trans- mitted to the drayage firm and the marine terminal. The marine terminal creates an Equipment Delivery Order (EDO) or equivalent, giving the drayage firm permission to pick up an empty container for the export load. The drayage firm should receive or confirm the empty order via the on-line systems as ex- plained above. Doing so will reduce the chance of exception or delay at the marine terminal. A driver is dispatched to the terminal and goes through the applicable gate and container yard processes to obtain the empty container. The empty container is drayed to the shipper's location. The driver either exchanges it for a load (drop and pick) or waits while it is loaded (stay with). The loaded export container is then drayed to the marine terminal. The export booking num- ber is the key transaction identifier at the gate. Ordinarily, the export container or chassis is inspected and accepted, and an EIR issued. In the absence of any exceptions, the driver will be given instructions on where to take the container within the terminal. Finally, the driver will leave the load and either start another transaction or leave. Empty Return Process After the goods are unloaded from an import container, the empty container must either be returned to the marine terminal, dropped at an off-terminal depot, or reused for an export load. Return to Terminal Most often, the empty container is returned to the marine terminal. At the inbound gate, the driver will identify himself, his firm, and the transaction. The empty container and the chassis will be inspected either in person or via video camera. The driver may be asked to open the doors to