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June 2011 TRANSIT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Sponsored by the Federal Transit Administration Responsible Senior Program Officer: Gwen Chisholm-Smith Research Results Digest 101 International Transit Studies Program Report on the Spring 2010 Mission FUNDING FOR INFRASTRUCTURE MAINTENANCE: ACHIEVING AND SUSTAINING A STATE OF GOOD REPAIR This TCRP digest summarizes the results of mission performed from June 11 through 25, 2010, under TCRP Project J-03, "International Transit Studies Program." This digest examines how bus and rail agencies and operators in several European cities develop community support for public transportation and how those communities implement sustainable funding strategies for transit assets, operations, and maintenance. It was prepared by Harrington- Hughes & Associates, Inc., and is based on the reports filed by the mis- sion participants. INTERNATIONAL TRANSIT by offering transportation professionals STUDIES PROGRAM practical insight into global public trans- portation operations. The program affords The International Transit Studies Pro- C O N T E N T S gram (ITSP) is a part of the Transit Cooper- the opportunity for them to visit and study International Transit Studies ative Research Program (TCRP), authorized exemplary transit operations outside the Program, 1 by the Intermodal Surface Transportation United States. About This Digest, 2 Efficiency Act of 1991 and reauthorized, in Two ITSP study missions are conducted Introduction, 2 2005, by the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, each year, usually in the spring and fall, and Transit System Profiles, 3 Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A are typically composed of 15 participants, Legacy for Users. TCRP is managed by the including a senior official designated as Defining and Measuring a State of Good Repair, 7 Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the group spokesperson, a representative Prioritizing Capital the National Academies and is funded of FTA, and a mission coordinator. Transit Investments, 11 annually by a grant from the Federal Transit organizations across the nation are contacted Funding for Public Transport Administration (FTA). ITSP is managed directly and asked to nominate candidates Systems in Europe, 12 by Harrington-Hughes & Associates, Inc., for participation in the program. Nominees Public-Private Partnerships, 14 under a contract to the National Academies. are screened by committee, and the TCRP Political and Community TCRP has sponsored the ITSP since Project J-03 Oversight Panel endorses all Involvement, 16 1994. The primary purpose of the ITSP is selections. Members are appointed to the Training and Personnel, 16 to broaden the professional development of study team based on their depth of knowl- Tracking and Prioritizing Inventory and Maintenance, 17 U.S. transit managers by providing them edge and experience in transit operations, with opportunities to visit transit systems as well as for their demonstrated advance- Conclusion, 18 abroad; the managers return with insights ment potential to executive levels of the pub- Appendix A--Study Mission Team Members, 18 and knowledge useful to their organiza- lic transportation industry. Participation on a Appendix B--Study Mission tions, the transit industry, and their own mission team is designed to complement and Host Organizations, 19 transit careers. ITSP carries out its mandate enhance professional development, helping