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June 2011 TRANSIT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Sponsored by the Federal Transit Administration Responsible Senior Program Officer: Gwen Chisholm-Smith Research Results Digest 102 International Transit Studies Program Report on the Fall 2010 Mission PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS AS THE FOUNDATION FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH This TCRP digest summarizes the results of mission performed from October 29 through November 12, 2010, under TCRP Project J-03, "International Transit Studies Program." The digest examines how transit investments are linked to economic growth and recovery in several cities in Turkey, Egypt, and South Africa. It was prepared by Harrington-Hughes & Associates, Inc., and is based on the reports filed by the mission participants. INTERNATIONAL TRANSIT cal insight into global public transportation STUDIES PROGRAM operations. The program affords the oppor- tunity for them to visit and study exemplary The International Transit Studies Pro- transit operations outside the United States. gram (ITSP) is a part of the Transit Cooper- Two ITSP study missions are conducted ative Research Program (TCRP), authorized each year, usually in the spring and fall, by the Intermodal Surface Transportation and are composed of up to 17 participants, Efficiency Act of 1991 and reauthorized, including a senior official designated as the in 2005, by the Safe, Accountable, Flex- ible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: group spokesperson, a representative of the A Legacy for Users. TCRP is managed by FTA, and a mission coordinator. Transit the Transportation Research Board (TRB) organizations across the nation are contacted of the National Academies and is funded directly and asked to nominate candidates C O N T E N T S annually by a grant from the Federal Tran- for participation in the program. Nominees International Transit sit Administration (FTA). ITSP is man- are screened by committee, and the TCRP Studies Program, 1 Project J-03 Oversight Panel endorses all aged by Harrington-Hughes & Associates, About this Digest, 2 Inc., under a contract with the National selections. Members are appointed to the Introduction, 2 Academies. study team based on their depth of knowl- Overview of Public Transport The TCRP has sponsored the ITSP since edge and experience in transit operations, as Systems, 3 1994. The primary purpose of the program well as for their demonstrated advancement Transit Systems and Economic is to broaden the professional development potential to executive levels of the public Development, 8 of U.S. transit managers by providing them transportation industry. Participation on a Transit Planning and Decision Making, 14 with opportunities to visit transit systems mission team is designed to complement and abroad; the managers return with insights enhance professional development, help- Lessons Learned, 17 and knowledge useful to their organizations, ing to produce managers and leaders capa- Appendix A--Study Mission Team Members, 18 the transit industry, and their own transit ble of dealing with a variety of problems Appendix B--Study Mission Host careers. ITSP carries out its mandate by of- inherent in managing transit activities in a Organizations, 18 fering transportation professionals practi- complex environment. Travel expenses for