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OCR for page 79
Key Terms & Acronyms Key Terms Confidence Interval: statistics that define the lower and upper boundaries of the expected `true mean' or average values with a specified degree of confidence, based on supporting data. Core Team: a group of individuals responsible for oversight, objectives setting, review, and implementation of a hazardous materials commodity flow study. Emergency Plan: a document that identifies what a community will do to protect itself from its unique hazards and threats with the unique resources it has or can obtain (CPG 101). Emergency Planners: those responsible for, or involved in, conducting emergency planning and developing emergency plans. Emergency Planning: a systematic or methodological way to think through the lifecycle of a potential crisis, determine required capabilities, and help stakeholders learn and practice their roles. It directs how a community envisions and shares a desired outcome, selects effective ways to achieve it, and communicates expected results (CPG 101). Hazardous Materials (hazmat): any substance or material that the Secretary of Transportation has determined is capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce (49 CFR. Part 171.8). Hazmat Commodity Flow Study: a special kind of transportation analysis project intended to identify the types and amounts of hazardous materials transported through a specified geo- graphic area. Hazmat Class and Division: classifications of hazardous materials as defined in Hazardous Mate- rials Regulations under 49 CFR, Part 173. Hazmat Placard: a sign or indicator that is attached to a vehicle, vessel, tank, or other container that indicates the type of hazardous materials contained therein. Incident: an occurrence or event, natural or manmade, that requires a response to protect life or property (National Response Framework). Objectives: categories of HMCFS applications that help summarize the intended use of HMCFS information and guide the conduct of the project. Project Team: a group of individuals responsible for conducting the HMCFS, including scoping, coordinating, compiling, analyzing, documenting, and presenting project information. Sample: a group of data or information. Sampling: a systematic method or procedure for collecting a sample. 79

OCR for page 79
80 Guidebook for Conducting Local Hazardous Materials Commodity Flow Studies List of Acronyms AADT: Annual Average Daily Traffic AAR: Association of American Railroads BTS: Bureau of Transportation Statistics CEMP: Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan CFS: BTS' Commodity Flow Survey CPG 101: FEMA's Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 101: Developing and Maintaining State, Territorial, Tribal, and Local Government Emergency Plans EOP: Emergency Operations Plan EPCRA: Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act ERG: PHMSA's Emergency Response Guidebook FAF: FHWA's Freight Analysis Framework FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Agency GIS: Geographic Information Systems HAZUS-MH: FEMA's Hazards U.S. Multi-Hazards software HMEP: PHMSA's Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Grant Program HMCFS: Hazardous Materials Commodity Flow Study HMIR: PHMSA's Hazardous Materials Incidents Reports database HMR: Hazardous Materials Regulations HPMS: FHWA's Highway Performance Monitoring System ICS: Incident Command System IWR: USACE's Institute for Water Resources LEPC: Local Emergency Planning Committee MPO: Metropolitan Planning Organization NIMS: National Incident Management System NGO: Non-Governmental Organization NPMS: PHMSA's National Pipeline Mapping System NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRF: National Response Framework NRHM: Non-Radioactive Hazardous Materials NTAD: National Transportation Atlas Database SAFER: FMCSA's Safety and Fitness Electronic Records System SERC: State Emergency Response Commission SSI: Sensitive Security Information STB: Surface Transportation Board TERC: Tribal Emergency Response Commission TIH: Toxic Inhalation Hazard TRANSCAER: Chemical Manufacturer's Association Transportation Community Awareness and Emergency Response Program UN/NA: United Nations/North American USACE: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers VIUS: BTS' Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey