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7 CHAPTER 1 Introduction Project Objectives collaboration among peers and industry-driven updates as the approach evolves over time. The portal is implemented as a The Transit Enterprise Architecture and Planning (TEAP) wiki website at http://tcrp-teap.pbworks.com. Framework project sought to provide transit agencies with a roadmap to successfully implement Information Technology (IT) and Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technologies Transit Enterprise Architecture that meet their business needs. The systems management areas and Planning (TEAP) that compose the Framework include the following disciplines: Framework Objectives The roadmap incorporates five system management devel- Enterprise Architecture and Enterprise Architecture Process opment methods into a coherent Framework. Each of the (EA/EAP) methods is complex and requires different skills to accomplish. Business Case Methodology (BCM) Understanding how to implement each element of the Frame- Funding Implementation (FI) work and then to connect the different sections required that Project Systems Engineering (SE) the project be divided into two phases. The Phase I objective Post-Implementation Analysis (PIA) included identifying the best practices of the wider IT indus- Using methods and techniques promoted by these five dis- try and the state of the practice for transit, then synthesizing ciplines, a transit agency will have a roadmap for planning, and proposing a Framework to bring these disciplines together. assessing, developing, and evaluating their IT/ITS projects. To Near the end of Phase I, the Project Team identified critical that end, the TEAP Framework project's objectives include: components of the Framework that were missing from the transit industry and could not be substituted with IT best Understanding the state of the practice with respect to the practices. To that end, in Phase I, the tasks consisted of under- transit industry's application of five major IT/ITS system standing the current state of the practice in order to develop management disciplines (including enterprise architecture, the preliminary Framework, guidance, and tools that compose business case methodology, funding implementation, project the roadmap to developing successful IT/ITS projects. Specif- systems engineering, and post-implementation analysis); ically, the Framework helps: Developing an approach to integrate the five IT/ITS system management disciplines into a coherent Framework; Guide an agency's planning process and investment criteria, Providing guidance to transit professionals with different Improve its understanding of risks and risk management, levels of technical background about the Framework, its Verify and validate compliance with its needs and stake- elements, and their relationships; holder requirements, Developing guidance and tools to help agencies implement Better manage system project implementation, and the Framework elements, particularly the Enterprise Archi- Enhance the measurement of results and benefits. tecture Planning element; and Validating the approach with transit agencies. The Phase II objectives focused on developing building blocks for the industry so that they could realistically and more The result of the project is a set of tools and guidance on the quickly create the foundation of the Framework, the Enterprise five disciplines, collected into a one-stop website that allows Architecture. This was accomplished by adapting an existing