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24 competent authority that the applicant is a minor who Convicted of a felony criminal charge within the last 5 years; has been abducted, wrongfully removed or retained in Convicted of offenses involving dishonesty, moral turpi- violation of a court order or decree, and return to his or tude, financial gain, or assault within the past 5 years; her home state or habitual residence is necessary to per- On parole, probation, or under a suspended sentence for mit a court of competent jurisdiction to determine cus- commission of a felony or any controlled substance charge; tody matters. Pending felony charges or any pending controlled sub- A passport may not be issued in any case in which the stance charge; department determines or is informed by a competent Has an established pattern of criminal conduct that could authority that the applicant is subject to imprisonment or undermine the efficiency of the Postal Service or safety of supervised release as the result of a felony conviction for its employees; or a federal or state drug offense if the individual used a U.S. Convicted of, under investigation for, or under indictment passport or otherwise crossed an international border in for stealing mail or other postal crimes. committing the offense, including a felony conviction arising under The Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) Time and Cost Analyses or the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act Time-to-Acquire Questionnaire Analyses (21 U.S.C. 951 et seq.); Any federal law involving controlled substances as The consolidated questionnaire became active on a com- defined in section 802 of the Controlled Substances mercial hosting Web site (SurveyMonkey) on April 20, 2010. Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.); The questionnaire was promoted to credential-holders via The Bank Secrecy Act (31 U.S.C. 5311 et seq.) or the communications with TAG members, industry groups, labor Money Laundering Act (18 U.S.C. 1956 et seq.) if the organizations, and word-of-mouth recruitment. Data collec- department is in receipt of information that supports tion lasted 10 weeks and is shown by respondents and mode the determination that the violation involved is related in Figure 3-3. A total of 378 respondents completed the time- to illicit production of, or trafficking in, a controlled to-acquire questionnaire by June 30, 2010. substance; or Any state law involving the manufacture, distribution, or possession of a controlled substance. Sample Demographics A passport may be refused in any case in which the depart- Respondents' demographic information was collected. The ment determines or is informed by a competent author- demographic data included the respondents' age, sex, expe- ity that the applicant is subject to imprisonment or rience transporting hazardous materials, role in the trans- supervised release as the result of a misdemeanor convic- portation process, transportation mode, and credentials. The tion of a federal or state drug offense if the individual majority of respondents (95.3%; 304 respondents) were male; used a U.S. passport or otherwise crossed an international only 4.7% (15 respondents) were female. Most of the respon- border in committing the offense, other than a first con- dents were 45 to 54 years old (41.1%; 131 respondents), 55 to viction for possession of a controlled substance, including 64 years old (31%; 99 respondents), or 35 to 44 years old a misdemeanor conviction arising under (18.8%; 60 respondents). The youngest respondents were The federal statutes described in 51.61(a); or under 25 years old (0.3%; 1 respondent) and 25 to 34 years old Any state law involving the manufacture, distribution, (3.4%; 11 respondents). The oldest respondents were 65 to or possession of a controlled substance. 74 years old (5.3%; 17 respondents). There were no respon- Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this section [22 CFR dents who reported they were 75 years or older. However, 51.61] the department may issue a passport when the 59 respondents failed to provide sex or age data. Respon- competent authority confirms, or the department other- dents also were asked how long they had been involved with wise finds, that emergency circumstances or humanitar- the transportation of hazardous materials. Of the 317 respon- ian reasons exist. dents who answered this question, 12.9% (41 respondents) had less than 5 years' experience, 12.6% (40 respondents) had 5 to USPS (9) 9 years' experience, 12% (38 respondents) had 10 to 14 years' experience, 14.2% (45 respondents) had 15 to 19 years' expe- Disqualifying Factors rience, 15.5% (49 respondents) had 20 to 25 years' experience, Subject of an outstanding warrant; and 32.8% (104 respondents) had over 25 years' experience. Convicted of illegally using, possessing, selling, or transfer- Respondents self-reported their roles in the transportation ring controlled substances within the last 5 years; process. Respondents were asked to provide the title that best