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43 Consolidation Options Analysis transportation. Therefore, Option 4 was designed to evaluate the impact of this credential on the overall consolidation Each of the existing security credentials within the current process. It is important to note that the CDL-HME as a whole transportation system has a unique purpose and has been is a vastly different type of credential; however, for purposes developed with that specific purpose in mind. The combina- of inquiry and comparison, the security portion of the HME tion of credentials requires that the consolidation still functions could be viewed as equivalent to the TWIC because of the many for its intended purpose. Therefore, the research team broke similarities between the two credentials. down each current credential (and acquisition/application Following the development of the consolidation options, a process) into the very elements constituting the credentials list of required attributes and requirements to obtain were (see Table 3-2, Table 3-4, Table C-1, Table C-2, and Table C-3). developed for each credential containing the unique sets This allowed for an evaluation of basic credential "building of elements established by the credentials comprising each blocks." The research team then combined candidate cre- option. This set of elements specific to each option was then dentials in various options (shown in Table 3-14), which used to evaluate applicability for use by HazMat transportation resulted in new combinations of elements. workers in all modes. Table 3-15 contains the unique elements The options were developed through dialogue with the required of the applicant to obtain the credentials within a TAG, results of the online survey instrument, and as a result of given option. This comparison provides the unique list of the Phase I analysis. Option 1 consisted solely of the TWIC due requirements necessary of a consolidated credential to replace to suggestions that the TWIC should be considered as a stand- the credentials comprising each option. alone solution for consolidating security credentials for trans- In all, there are 40 elements that make up the unique portation workers. The results of the Phase 1 analysis showed requirements to obtain for a consolidated credential to replace the TWIC to be potentially limited as to its applicability in all Option 2. This assumes all elements currently existing and per- modes. Potential limitations were due to the assumption that taining to the individual credentials would be necessary in a each credential's identified elements are necessary for it to func- consolidated system. This list of elements provides a template tion as a security credential. When a comparison was made, it for a consolidated credential with regard to the pieces of infor- was determined that the TWIC had very few elements in com- mation to be collected from the applicant. In Table 3-16, the mon with other credentials. The results of this comparison unique list of attributes is shown with the corresponding nota- were presented accordingly in the elemental matrices. Option 2 tions of applicability for each option. (TWIC, MMD, SIDA, USPS, CAC) was simply the combina- There are 24 unique attributes applicable to consolidation; tion of all credentials that appeared to show promise for suc- of course, each is accounted for in Option 2, which is com- cessful consolidation based on the Phase I analysis. This prised of all candidate credentials. There is certainly variation combination of all credentials deemed feasible for consolida- in the applicable attributes per option; however, Options 2 and tion provided the upper bounding of required elements and 4 are exactly the same. The sole difference between these two functionality. Therefore, Option 2 captured each unique ele- options is the lack of the USPS credential in Option 4, which ment and the associated background checks necessary for a consolidated credential replacing five credentials, and covering did not include a single unique attribute beyond those already all four transportation modes. Option 3 (TWIC, MMD) was accounted for in the other candidate credentials within chosen to evaluate the consolidation of two credentials cur- Options 2 and 4. Again, this complete list of unique attributes rently being used within the marine mode. An evaluation of provides the minimum standard for a consolidated credential this combination of credentials could determine if there is replacing each existing credential within Option 2. Finally, more potential for success within a given mode, or regardless Table 3-17 includes the unique background checks for each of mode. Option 4 (TWIC, SIDA, CAC, MMD) comprised all option and corresponding notations of applicability. of the elements of Option 2 except the USPS credential. The All but Option 1 contain all four background check processes results of the research indicated that the USPS was held quite noted. This similarity among security credentials provides a infrequently, and does not have a significant role in HazMat logical starting point for consolidation. As evidenced by the data, little-to-no change is required to the background check process should consolidation of the candidate credentials occur. Table 3-14. Credential combinations It is important to note that although the processes are the same evaluated as consolidation options. (in most cases), the disqualifying offenses are not. Therefore, this logical beginning is not without required compromise. Credential Options Evaluated TWIC O pt i o n 1 Should consolidation occur, the disqualifying offenses would TWIC, MMD, SIDA, USPS, CAC Option 2 need to be standardized. This process could raise all appli- TWIC, MMD Option 3 cants to the highest standard, theoretically increasing secu- TWIC, SIDA, CAC, MMD Option 4 rity systemwide. However, this would most certainly restrict

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44 Table 3-15. Unique requirements to Table 3-16. Unique attributes obtain for consolidation. for consolidation. Option 1 2 3 4 Option 1 2 3 4 Address Access Level Address History Address Aliases Authorization Agency Character References Bar Code Citizenship Information Citizenship Copy of Driver's License Date of Birth Date of Birth Date of Expiration Drug Testing Date of Issue Education History Dual Interface ICC E-Mail Address Employer Employer Fax Number Endorsements Employer's Address Eye Color Employer's Name Full Name Employer's Phone Number Hair Color Employment History Height Eye Color If Found Fax Number Issuing Location/Branch Fingerprinting Magnetic Strip Full Name Photograph Hair Color Signature Hearing Test Social Security Number Height Tamper-Resistant Features Medical/Physical Examination Unique Serial Number Military Service Weight National Driver Register Check Next of Kin Next of Kin E-Mail Address Next of Kin Phone Number based on risk analysis, labor requirements, and job function. Occupation It is impractical to establish tiers that could allow credential- Phone Number holders to perform part, but not all, of their required job Place of Birth function. Preferred Notification Method Race The options were evaluated to determine the strongest pos- Previous Screening within 12 sibility for success in consolidation. To that end, Option 2 as a months consolidated credential would provide the broadest applicabil- Security Threat Assessment ity. (This is expected because it is comprised of the most can- Sex didate credentials.) However, the process of consolidation Social Security Number must consider more than just the broadest applicability with Sponsoring Agency Information regard to credential elements and processes. It must also con- Vision Test Weight sider the cost of change. Each option (except Option 1) would require the consolidation of credentials issued by different agencies. The consolidation of personnel, facilities, and back- the applicant pool and dramatically reduce the labor force. Conversely, the standard could be set to the least common Table 3-17. Unique background check elements denominator, potentially lowering overall security, but for consolidation. increasing the applicant pool sufficiently to handle labor demand. Realistically, this process would result in some sort Option 1 2 3 4 of middle ground. Fingerprint-Based Criminal Records Check It is also possible that the variation in disqualifying offenses Name-Based Relevant Database Check could be used to develop a tiered consolidated credential. The Drug Test tiers would need to be defined by appropriate stakeholders National Driver Register Check