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194 FIGURE 2 Arizona Department of Environmental Quality home page. airport. Partnering with other airports or local govern- vehicular emission reduction programs. These programs ment entities may enable an airport to access these are discussed separately here. This study identified programs. some programs that did not specify the precise nature of Partnering with private-sector entities--Some programs; eligible air quality grants. One of these, the Nebraska for example, historic preservation and brownfields, offer Environmental Trust, describes eligible projects as tax benefits as a form of financial incentives. For airports generally promoting and implementing clean air strate- with eligible facilities owned or leased by private busi- gies. Another, the Alaska Department of Environmental nesses, the tax benefits may help defray project costs if Conservation Air Quality Improvement Grants program, the business joins with the airport. The same may be true appears to be a new program, with eligibility criteria still in the case of private businesses that conduct commercial under development through rulemaking. operations at the airport; for example, taxi operators and Airport planning and development--Many states have other ground transportation providers. established financial assistance programs for airports. Performance and documentation--For many programs, Some programs are open to any airport that qualifies for the application needs to include an estimate of the ben- AIP funding, some include airports that do not meet efits of the project prepared by a licensed professional. AIP eligibility criteria, and some focus on small airports Once the project is implemented, the benefits of the within the state. These assistance programs do not focus project must be tracked and reported. A commitment to on environmental projects per se, but eligibility often operate and maintain the project for a fixed period of tracks AIP eligibility. Some states limit funding to financ- time is also common. ing AIP local match requirements; others provide inde- pendent grants. Table 2 provides more information on AVAILABLE PROGRAMS each program. Brownfields--Most states have programs to assist in The discussion of available programs is organized by resource brownfield restoration and redevelopment. As reflected area. in Table 2, assistance to governmental entities is gener- ally in the form of grants or low-interest loans. Non- Air quality--Air quality programs fall into two broad profit entities may also be eligible. Some states offer tax categories, energy and emission reduction programs and benefits. In general, assistance is limited to the costs of