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195 performing environmental site assessments and remov- pleted in accordance with U.S. Department of Interior ing or otherwise remediating contamination. Redevelop- standards. ment costs are not eligible; however, for many programs Petroleum releases and storage tanks--Most states offer a redevelopment plan must be submitted with an appli- financial support for the cleanup of releases from petro- cation. Parties responsible for contamination generally leum storage tanks. Some states denominate their pro- are not eligible to participate. gram as a grant program, but the programs function in a Emissions (energy, fixed source)--Most states offer manner similar to insurance. The tank owner is respon- financial assistance for projects that reduce consump- sible for a deductible and the funding program pays the tion of fossil fuel and associated emissions from fixed balance. In some states, the program is denominated as sources, as noted in Table 2. Eligible projects can an insurance program. In several states liability for third- include measures to increase efficiency from traditional party damages may also be eligible for reimbursement. energy sources and installation of renewable energy Generally, tanks must be registered and in compliance sources. Renewable energy can include solar, wind, and with federal standards. Individuals responsible for the geothermal; hydro and biomass projects are sometimes release are not eligible for funding. eligible. Incentives are available for projects that address A few states continue programs for removal or replace- electrical power in buildings and energy for water heat- ment of petroleum storage tanks. Some states limit the ing. Funding categories include cost share grants and program to abandoned or orphan tanks. Instead of pro- low-interest loans. Kansas offers a unique low-interest viding grants, Arizona performs the work. Delaware loan program to finance capital improvements under provides low-interest loans for tank removal. Guaranteed Energy Savings Contracts (GESCs). Pollution prevention--A few states offer financial assis- GESCs are described in more detail in chapter five. By tance to support pollution prevention initiatives. Specific providing low-interest loans, Kansas' program reduces initiatives are not necessarily identified. Michigan's pro- the value of energy savings needed to make GESCs gram appears to include initiatives to reduce solid waste, financially viable. but the programs are not necessarily the same as recy- Emissions (vehicular)--Many states offer financial assis- cling programs (see Table 2). tance for the acquisition of low-emission vehicles or Recycling--Many states offer financial assistance AFVs or for the retrofitting of existing vehicles. Grants in support of recycling initiatives. Projects can range or loans may be offered. Some programs focus on reduc- from helping establish comprehensive recycling infra- ing diesel emissions through clean diesel technology, structure (composting facilities, transfer and sort- others focus on converting fleets to AFVs. Alternative ing facilities) to support for glass recycling. In many fuels include ethanol-85, propane, CNG, electric, and states there is no local matching requirement, but a electrichybrid energy sources. Biodiesel blends may voluntary local match increases the competitiveness also qualify as alternative fuels under some programs. of the application. Projects can include replacement or retrofitting of vehi- Water quality--Grants and loans are available to address cles. Financial assistance programs may cover the cost of water quality initiatives. In many states the main source a retrofit, but may be limited to the incremental costs of of grant funding comes from the federal Clean Water Act AFV technology in a replacement vehicle. Fueling or Section 319 program. Grants are provided by the EPA to charging stations may also be eligible. states for redistribution to local jurisdictions. To compete Other approaches to reducing vehicular emissions for funding, projects must support comprehensive plans may include financial support for ride-sharing programs developed by the states and be approved by the EPA. or construction of facilities to encourage the use of Many states use state resources to finance revolving loan bicycles and mass transit. Table 2 does not specifically funds for water quality projects. address these programs. An airport's local or regional Wildlife and habitat--A few states provide resources planning agency or MPO typically would have infor- to support wildlife and habitat conservation. Assistance mation about these kinds of programs. is generally in the form of grants. Implementation of a Historic, cultural resources--States generally offer wildlife initiative may present a risk of conflict with FAA financial assistance for historic preservation. Grants are standards for wildlife hazards around airports. Coordina- available to government entities and some nonprofit tion with FAA staff can reduce this risk. organizations. Some states provide funding through low-interest or no interest loans. Financial assistance to for-profit entities, when available, is generally in the MATRIX OF STATE FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES form of tax relief. Some programs are limited to com- munities participating in the Certified Local Govern- Table 2 provides information on the funding opportunities ment program. identified by state. The matrix includes information on eligible To qualify for funding in most programs, recipients applicants and projects, forms of assistance, any matching fund agree to maintain the facility and to provide public access. requirements, funding limits, application timelines and proce- Reconstruction and rehabilitation projects are to be com- dures, and administrative requirements. Any action or practice

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196 listed as recommended in the matrix is a recommendation of the to provide a comprehensive reference source. Also, timelines program, not the ACRP. All information was not readily avail- included in the matrix should be considered as illustrative. able for every program. If information could not be readily The matrix is intended to provide an overview of the pro- obtained from websites matrix cells were left blank or partially grams. With the passage of time, information in the matrix-- filled to reflect that the information was not available. especially schedule information--may become out of date. The best source for current information on program status and As noted previously, some of the programs included in the current schedules would be the program websites or the pro- matrix are not currently funded. The information is included gram contacts included in the matrix.