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197 CHAPTER FIVE REGIONAL, LOCAL, AND NONGOVERNMENTAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES INTRODUCTION ciency of traditional electrical and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems or equipment The study process did not identify any local or regional gov- to supply energy needs through renewable energy. The ernment funding opportunities specifically for airport environ- latter can include geothermal HVAC or water heating, mental initiatives. Regional nonprofit, public policy entities solar power for electrical power, HVAC or water heat- and regional planning agencies have participated in vehicle ing, and wind power. However, the FAA has estab- emission reduction and AFV programs. Some airports have lished standards for approach protection that could be received assistance from private for-profit firms to support impacted by solar or wind projects. Coordination with AFV programs as well. the FAA will ensure that these projects do not conflict with FAA standards. Incentives can include rebates In addition, local and regional utility companies offer a vari- on the cost of equipment or utility rate reduction. For ety of financial assistance and incentive programs to encourage renewable energy initiatives, some utilities will execute reduction of fossil fuel-based energy consumption. Assistance contracts to purchase any energy generated in excess of for energy efficiency measures and the development of renew- the airport's needs. able energy alternatives is offered. During the process, a small Guaranteed Energy Savings Contract--Another device to number of individual charitable foundations were identified assist in funding energy efficiency initiatives is the GESC, as potentially providing funding for environmental initiatives. which is the result of a collaborative process between a However, the scope of their funding activities (in terms of funds facility owner, such as an airport, and an ESCO. The provided and types of projects funded) could not always be following steps are included in the process. precisely determined. 1. The ESCO conducts a comprehensive energy analy- sis or audit of the facilities and develops recommen- Local or regional planning agencies may also be a source dations to improve energy efficiency or otherwise of funding (directly or as a pass-through from other agencies). reduce energy consumption. The scope of this synthesis did not permit an investigation of 2. The ESCO develops a GESC offer in which it (1) esti- potential funding opportunities from these sources. However, mates the energy costs savings that will be achieved it is believed that information from these organizations would if the recommendations are followed, (2) guarantees be readily available to airports within the individual planning that the savings will be obtained if the ESCO is agencies' jurisdiction. retained to implement the recommendations, and (3) agrees to be compensated for its work in imple- This chapter summarizes the findings outlined previously. menting the recommendations through the energy A brief discussion of general considerations is provided fol- savings achieved by the facility owner. lowed by a discussion of the individual funding sources. A 3. The ESCO and facility owner execute the GESC. matrix of funding opportunities is then presented in Table 3. The financial benefit to an airport in a GESC is Information from this table was derived from web searches what would have been a capital cost of investing in (primarily from state government sites) and from interviews the equipment to implement the recommendations to support the case examples in chapter six. can now be recovered as an O&M expense, pre- serving the airport's debt capacity. Another signifi- GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS cant benefit is that through the guarantee the ESCO assumes the risk if the projected energy savings are Nongovernmental funding for emission and energy not realized. reduction initiatives--For both fixed energy source emis- Despite the benefits, some airports have elected sions and vehicle emissions, nongovernmental entities are to adopt the basic funding premise of the GESC-- a significant source of funding. financing the capital improvements for energy savings As noted previously, many utility companies pro- through the reduction in energy consumption-- vide incentives for reduction in fossil fuel consumption. without the use of a GESC. The airports may con- Incentives are provided for equipment that increases effi- duct the energy audit in-house or retain the ESCO to

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TABLE 3 REGIONAL, LOCAL, OR NONGOVERNMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes Getty Conservation Projects for http://www.getty.edu/conse Grants Conservation grants development of rvation/institute/ Institute conservation plans Implementation projects The Getty Conservation for preserving a Institute (310) 440-7325; buildings historic gciweb@getty.edu structure and fabric South Florida Water Savings Funding for local http://www.sfwmd.gov/port Local match--50% June 21-- All projects must Water Incentive programs for water al/page/portal/levelthree/wa solicitation released provide 0.5 Management Program (Water savings hardware or ter%20conservation#sip Maximum grant-- million gallons in District SIP) technology, including: $50,000 July 22--proposals savings per year (SFWMD) June 21 due Minimum project Indoor plumbing http://www.sfwmd.gov/port Application must al/page/portal/xrepository/ cost--$15,000 August 24-- document retrofits sfwmd_repository_pdf/fy20 selection committee financial Automatic fire 11%20watersip%20informa meeting commitment hydrant flush devices tional%20seminar.pdf September 9 Payments on Rainwater harvesting Rupert Giroux (561) 682- Governing Board reimbursement 2532; rgiroux@sfwmd.gov selection meeting basis after Pre-rinse spray devices for October 1--grant completion of commercial kitchens agreements to entire project. applicants All expenditures Eligible applicants-- must be Local governments, November 30-- documented public utilities, agreements commercial and executed Quarterly industrial facilities progress report August 31-- projects completed Final report Projects evaluated Project by five-member SIP Performance Selection Tracking Report Committee (Table 3 continued on the next page)

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Table 3 continued Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes SFWMD Board makes final selections Georgia Solar Buyback Georgia Power buys http://www.georgiapower.c Payment of 17 Customer must Power Program power generated by om/spotlightsolar/solar_cus cents per kilowatt also sell photovoltaic systems. tomers.asp hour renewable energy Rate per kilowatt hour credits to Georgia is higher than rate for http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Power conventional power entives/incentive.cfm?Incen buyback tive_Code=GA46F&re= 1&ee=1 Residential and commercial customers eligible Tennessee Generation TVA buys power http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Payment of 12 Customer must Valley Partners generated by alternative entives/incentive.cfm?Incen cents above retail also sell Authority Program technologies including tive_Code=GA03F&re= rate for solar renewable energy (TVA) solar, wind, hydro, 1&ee=1 power; 3 cents credits to TVA biomass, and landfill above retail rate for gas http://www.tva.com/greenp other sources owerswitch/partners/ Also $1,000 up- front payment to help pay for systems CALSTART Clean Coordinated http://www.calstart.org/Ho N/A N/A N/A CALSTART transportation applications for three mepage.aspx does not provide programs and California airports for funding, but has advocacy DERA grants coordinated funding requests Website included link to California Hybrid Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Program (HVIP) (fully subscribed) Other incentive programs are also listed Surdna N/A Grants to nonprofit http://www.surdna.org/ FY 2010 Continuous Information not Partnering Foundation organizations to support environmental application process, available would be sustainable http://www.surdna.org/gran grant range: but grants awarded required for an (Table 3 continued on the next page)

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Table 3 continued Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes environments and ts/grants-overview.html $40,000$450,000 in February, May, airport to access strong local economies and September. funds Surdna Foundation: 212- FY 2010 Foundation needs 557-0010 community 34 months to revitalization grant review range: $15,000 $300,000 On-line application process preferred Foundation accepts letters of interest, as precursor to full application Various Energy rebates Rebates (rate http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Rebates (rate Varies Varies State website Minnesota reductions) to entives/index.cfm?re=1&ee reductions) provided a link utilities residential and =1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&s to the DSIRE commercial customers tate=MN (lists utilities web page for undertaking initiatives participating in program Minnesota to reduce energy with web links) utilities consumption or increase use of renewable energy Various Energy Projects to increase http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Grants Varies Varies State website Minnesota efficiency grants energy efficiency entives/index.cfm?re=1&ee provided a link utilities =1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&s to the DSIRE Eligible applicants-- tate=MN (lists utilities web page for Commercial and participating in program Minnesota industrial customers with web links) utilities Various Energy Projects to increase http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Loans Varies Varies State website Minnesota efficiency loans energy efficiency entives/index.cfm?re=1&ee provided a link utilities =1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&s to the DSIRE Eligible applicants-- tate=MN (lists utilities web page for Commercial customers participating in program Minnesota with web links) utilities Various Energy rebate Various energy http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Rebates Varies Varies State website Missouri programs reduction initiatives entives/index.cfm?re=1&ee provided a link utilities =1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&s to the DSIRE tate=MO (lists uti8lities web page for participating in program Missouri with web links) utilities Various Energy Projects to increase http://www.dsireusa.org/inc Low interest loans Varies Varies State website Missouri efficiency loans energy efficiency entives/index.cfm?re=1&ee provided a link utilities =1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&s to the DSIRE (Table 3 continued on the next page)

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Table 3 continued Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes tate=MO (lists utilities web page for participating in program Missouri with web links) utilities Norcross Conservation Projects to support http://www.norcrossws.org/ Grants and loans Continuous For loans, Typical grant Foundation conservation Foundmain.html applicants must $5,000 Maximum grant-- Loan applications provide security Recipients primarily $10,000 by regular mail or in form or Grant nonprofits e-mail unrestricted funds summaries Maximum loan-- available at Grants primarily $250,000 or marketable security listed URL support administrative functions Loan term limited Airport would to one year need to partner Land acquisition with local financed primarily by Applicant must nonprofit low-interest loans show habitat conservation value of land organization to participate Executed purchase of option agreement must be included with application Bullitt Various Grants http://bullitt.org/grantmaking Grants Twice-yearly grant Grants must be Links to Foundation environmental, http://bullitt.org/grantmakin cycles completed within application and conservation, Eligible applicants-- 1 year and final reporting forms g/faq and energy 501(c)(3) nonprofits, March 15, report completed available at initiatives local governments, Bullitt Foundation 206- September 15-- second listed public agencies, and 343-0807; info@bullitt.org Inquiries due Applicants must URL tribal organizations complete projects located in Washington, May 1, November and close grants Grants not Oregon, Idaho, western 1--Applications before applying provided for Montana, and coastal due for new grant capital projects Alaska Summaries of prior grants available at first listed URL Links to other grant sources available at second listed URL (Table 3 continued on the next page)

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Table 3 continued Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes Clean Fuels Alternative Promotes use of http://www.cleanfuelsohio. Various N/A N/A Link to lists of Ohio fuels, emission alternate fuels org/cms/ fleet funding reductions opportunities at: Certified Clean Cities http://www.clea Coalition nfuelsohio.org/c Website describes grant ms/index.php?o programs for alternative ption=com_cont fuel marketers ent&view=articl e&id=123&Item Website also has links id=76 to AFV and low emission diesel funding opportunities Based on interview, coordinated grants under Clean Cities Program Ohio Advocacy, Promotes greening http://www.theoec.org/ N/A N/A N/A Per interview, Environmen- financial support initiatives for Ohio filing in tal Council for Ohio Environmental partnership with (OEC) environmental Based on interview, Council (614) 487-7506; other entities issues coordinated funding for oec@theoec.org and OEC retrofits of diesel improved rating equipment at Port of application Columbus International Airport and three municipalities Energy Trust Various Promotes energy http://energytrust.org/public Various incentives Listed URL has of Oregon incentives for efficiency and -sector/ links to grant energy renewable energy with writing efficiency, technical assistance, Energy Trust of Oregon assistance renewable cash incentives, and 866.368.7878 energy other support Specific programs for government entities and nonprofits William Penn Environmental Funds for various http://www.williampennfou Grants Two step Development of Foundation Foundation and activities to promote ndation.org/info- application process outputs and focuses on communities vital communities url_nocat3569/info- outcomes projects in the grants url_nocat.htm required to assist Greater (Table 3 continued on the next page)

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Table 3 continued Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes within a healthy http://www.williampennfou Step 1--Letter of in tracking Philadelphia regional ecosystem ndation.org/info- Inquiry project's region url_nocat3584/info- accomplishments Eligibility limited to tax Step 2--Formal after grant Detailed url_nocat_show.htm?doc_i exempt nonprofits and proposal, based on awarded application d=228820 public charities as foundation review instructions with defined in Internal http://www.williampennfou of Letter of Inquiry additional links Revenue Code ndation.org/info- at third listed url3574/info-url.htm For requests over URL However, based on $82,500, the application template, Hillary Murray (215) 988- following deadlines partnering may be 1830 apply permitted Letters of Inquiry-- September 23, January13, May 19 Formal proposals-- November 18, March 10, July 21 Hardcopy applications only The Pennsylvania Loans for energy http://www.pagreenenergyl Interest rates-- Two step Projects must Links to Initial Reinvestment Green Energy conservation and oanfund.com/ 4.0% to 6.5% application process result in a Financing Fund (TRF) Loan Fund efficiency reduction in Request and improvements Green Energy Loan Fund Loan amounts Step 1--Initial energy Loan commercial, nonprofits 215-574-5800; $100,000 to Financing Request consumption of at Application and government PaGELF@trfund.com $2.5 million least 25% forms available Step 2--Loan buildings Application at listed URL Projects can include limited energy retrofits, extensive energy retrofits and gut rehabs. Loans for new construction projects considered on a case- by-case basis. Palmetto State Clean fuel Coalition partners with www.palmettocleanfuel.org Funding appears to Clean Fuels projects applications to obtain be in the form of Coalition cost-share grants for Erika Myers grants Vehicle clean fuel projects emyers@energy.sc.gov emissions including: Local match--50% (Table 3 continued on the next page)

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Table 3 continued Funding Description, Project Matching Administrative Description/Project and Guidance and Contact Requirements, Timeline and Post-Grant Entity Program Applicant Eligibility Information Funding Limits Application Process Requirements Notes Alternative fuel vehicles Alternative fuel infrastructure Diesel retrofits Idle reduction Alliant Energy Community Grants to support http://www.alliantenergy.co Grants Three grant cycles Energy related Preference given Foundation Grants protection of the m/Community/CharitableF projects that may to projects with environment, among oundation/ApplyforaComm Cycle 1-- benefit Alliant advocate or Various other objectives unityGrant/index.htm Applications due Energy or its sponsor, among environmental January15 with utility other resources Eligible applicants-- http://www.alliantenergy.co decisions by April subsidiaries are considerations federal, state and local m/wcm/groups/wcm_intern 1 not eligible government entities, et/@int/documents/content Links to accredited educational page/012195.pdf Cycle 2-- Funding targeted information on institutions and section Applications due to residents and previous grants 501(c) nonprofits May 15 with communities available at first decisions by served by Alliant listed URL August 1 Energy's utility Cycle 3-- subsidiaries Applications due September 15 with decisions by December 1 Applications will not be accepted earlier than 30 days before deadline for a cycle Hard copy application