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206 CHAPTER SIX CASE EXAMPLES This chapter presents 11 case examples of airport experiences incremental costs of the propane fuel system. The resulting in pursuing alternative funding for environmental initiatives. cost savings permitted CRAA to increase the number of buses Funding sources include VALE, DERA, Clean Cities, state purchased from four or five (the number usually purchased programs, and partnering with the private sector. Information under normal replacement cycles) to eight. is based on interviews and background information pro- vided by interviewees. Specific source information for the Absent the partnership with Clean Fuels Ohio, CRAA case examples is included in the References. would not have qualified for the Clean Cities funding; only Clean Cities Coalitions are eligible to apply. In addition, as the grantee Clean Fuels Ohio assumed much of the burden of PORT COLUMBUS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT-- LEVERAGING MULTIPLE FUNDING SOURCES complying with administrative and reporting requirements TO REDUCE VEHICLE EMISSIONS for the grants. The Columbus Regional Airport Authority (CRAA) success- CRAA had considered purchasing CNG vehicles instead fully obtained funding to convert a portion of its shuttle fleet of propane. However, the volume of fuel consumed by the at Port Columbus International Airport (CMH) to AFVs and parking shuttle fleet would not have been sufficient to sup- to reduce diesel emissions through retrofitting and installa- port a CNG refueling station. tion of auxiliary power units. CRAA's experience provides an example of combining multiple funding sources to maxi- Previously, CRAA had partnered with the Ohio Envi- mize outside funding and an example of working though ronmental Council and three Ohio municipalities to obtain nonprofit advocacy groups and coalitions. CMH is a medium grant funding from the Midwest Clean Diesel Initiative. hub airport. CRAA's project involved retrofitting nine vehicles with particulate filters and four vehicles with diesel oxidation Working with Clean Fuels Ohio, CRAA obtained a portion catalysts. Three more vehicles were funded for installation of an $11 million grant to finance the acquisition of propane of auxiliary power units. shuttle buses to replace a portion of its conventional engine parking shuttle bus fleet. Clean Fuels Ohio is a statewide non- CRAA is funding a third initiative without any outside fund- profit organization based at Ohio State University and ded- ing sources. To reduce vehicle fuel consumption during warm icated to promoting the use of cleaner, domestic fuels and weather months, CRAA leases and operates golf carts instead efficient vehicles to the transportation industry, government, of gasoline-powered pickup trucks to provide on-airport trans- and the general public. Clean Fuels Ohio is designated as a portation. The fuel cost savings pay for the cost of the leases. Clean Cities Coalition by the DOE. COLUMBUS REGIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY-- Previously, CRAA had relied on retrofits to reduce vehicle SUCCESSFUL PUBLICPRIVATE PARTNERSHIP emissions; however, the retrofit process was proving to be FOR BROWNFIELD REDEVELOPMENT unsatisfactory. The coalition had made the decision to rely on propane bus purchases rather than retrofitting. CRAA is CRAA's participation in a brownfield redevelopment proj- a member of the coalition and is aware of the coalition's ect demonstrates the ability of publicprivate partnerships to programs and initiatives. In this case, Clean Fuels Ohio obtain financial assistance for brownfield projects, even though approached CRAA about helping to fund the bus purchases. this project did not involve an on-airport site. A business had (More recently, Clean Fuels Ohio approached CRAA about identified a brownfield site for redevelopment into an office participating in a project to obtain funding for electric vehicle building, and the cleanup project had been determined to be recharging stations.) highly ranked for funding under the Clean Ohio Revitalization Fund program (CORF). All that was required was to identify By combining projects from CMH, the city of Columbus, an eligible public agency to serve as project applicant. CRAA and local taxicab companies, Clean Fuels Ohio obtained an was eligible and agreed to apply for the grant. As the applicant, $11 million Clean Cities Grant from the DOE. CRAA applied CRAA received the grant funds after the award of the grant. the grant funds it received through Clean Cities Ohio to the CRAA was responsible for meeting CORF accounting and