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207 record-keeping requirements for the grant and providing infor- mation on the project to CORF. CRAA's experience could provide a model for on-airport brownfield cleanup so long as the airport applying for the grant is not responsible for the contamination. OAKLAND INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AND CALSTART--SUCCESSFUL PARTNERING FOR DIESEL EMISSION REDUCTION ACT FUNDING The Port of Oakland, operator of Oakland International Airport (OAK), successfully teamed with CALSTART and two other California airports, San Francisco International Airport and San Diego International Airport, to obtain funding to retrofit OAK diesel vehicles with particulate filters and to acquire new CNG vehicles to reduce diesel emissions (see Figure 3). A fourth air- FIGURE 4 Port of Oakland CNG vehicle. port, Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), was part of the original consortium of airports, but it is no longer participating PORT OF OAKLAND--PUBLIC AND PRIVATE in the program and did not take any funds. Some of the funds FUNDING FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES designated for LAX have been provided directly to carriers serving LAX. The Port of Oakland has a continuing program to acquire AFVs for Port operations including operations at OAK. From 2001 All four of the original airports had been active in through 2005, OAK received a total of $474,000 in grants for CALSTART prior to the DERA initiative. CALSTART origi- the acquisition of CNG vehicles, one electric vehicle, and nally assisted the airports informally in their preparation of the public electric vehicle recharging stations (see Figure 4). Fund- applications. When it became evident that the airports individ- ing came from the Bay Area Air Quality Management Dis- ually could not generate a sufficient number of projects to meet trict (BAAQMD) and the State Energy Program. OAK also the minimum grant requirement, the concept of CALSTART received grants directly from Ford Motor Company for CNG serving as the applicant was discussed. CALSTART is eligible vehicles and CNG fueling stations (see Figure 5). to apply for DERA funding as a nonprofit focused on trans- portation. CALSTART conducted a one-day outreach session PORT OF OAKLAND--HELPING COMMERCIAL about the program for airports and stakeholders. VEHICLE OPERATORS COMPLY WITH ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE FLEET As the applicant and grantee, CALSTART is responsible for REQUIREMENTS all financial aspects of the grant and the project, including sub- mitting reports to EPA and processing payment requests. As a To address air quality issues in Oakland and the Bay area, the sub-recipient, OAK is responsible for executing a sub-recipient Port of Oakland adopted mandatory targets for the percent- agreement, paying the vendor and invoicing CALSTART. age of an operator's fleet operating at OAK. The original FIGURE 3 Oakland International Airport retrofit bus. FIGURE 5 Oakland International Airport CNG fueling station.