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209 process of securing a letter of commitment on emissions cred- its from the state environmental regulatory agency--a critical VALE requirement--was one of the easier parts of the process. Smaller scale examples of using outside funding for alternative fuel infrastructure include: (1) acquiring DOE State Energy Plan funds to leverage the installation of an E85 ethanol tank and the necessary infrastructure at a gas station at BOS (approximately $175,000), and (2) working with the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, which has funds obtained from a Midwest power plant found guilty of polluting. If success- ful, these funds will be used to advance the installation of electric vehicle charging stations in public parking facilities at BOS. FIGURE 7 JFK hydrogen fueling station. Terminal A at BOS, the world's first U.S. Green Build- ing Council Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified airport terminal, was built by the energy saving equipment. For the EWR project, PSE&G Delta Airlines and turned over to Massport. Under a model is paying $4.8 million of the $6 million project cost, with that is becoming used less frequently at airports, Massport EWR paying the remaining $1.2 million. PSE&G also per- issued bonds for this work and the airline pays the debt. formed a free energy audit as part of the program. PANYNJ Massport was able to require LEED certification as a con- staff estimate that the airport is saving $600,000 in energy dition of funding. In another collaborative arrangement costs annually. These savings translate into a payback period with Delta, Massport loaned the airline the funds required of two years for EWR's investment in the project. to convert its ground service equipment at BOS to alterna- tive fuel equipment. This arrangement was a "win/win" in that the interest rate of the loan both exceeded the rate of BOSTON LOGAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT-- return that Massport was getting in its investments and was VARIOUS FUNDING SOURCES less than the interest rate that Delta could obtain elsewhere. A final example of collaboration on the greening of Ter- The Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) owns and oper- minal A involved the Massachusetts Department of Energy ates Boston Logan Airport (BOS), a large hub airport, as well Resources, a private vendor, and Massport. These entities as two smaller public-use airports. Massport has a history leveraged federal American Recovery and Reinvestment of utilizing outside funding and collaborating with others to Act funds and federal investment tax credits to install a accomplish environmental goals at these facilities. Notably, 376 kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system on the terminal in 1995, Massport partnered with the gas utility company and roof. The private entity, which benefitted from the tax a private developer to successfully acquire and leverage Con- credits, paid for the cost of installing the solar equipment. gestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funds to con- Massport agreed to purchase the electricity produced at a struct at Logan Airport what remains the largest full public discounted rate. access CNG station in New England. In a coordinated effort, Massport converted its shuttle bus fleet to CNG. SEATTLETACOMA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT-- ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES FOR AIR Having exceeded 14 million "clean" miles, the CNG bus CARRIER OPERATIONS fleet will soon be replaced. Massport recently received a grant under FAA's VALE program to support acquisition of 50 new SeattleTacoma International Airport (SEA), a large hub air- alternative fuel buses, 18 of which will be CNG-fueled, with the port, has obtained funding through the local Clean Cities Coali- remaining 32 buses hybrid diesel. The VALE grant of $5.9 mil- tion to finance the acquisition of alternative fuel vehicles to lion will cover 75% of the incremental cost of the alternative support air carrier operations. Funding is derived from the fuel technology. The balance of the costs will be covered American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and other DOE by Massport funds and fees collected to support a new con- funds. solidated rental car facility, as 15 of the buses will serve that facility. SEA's program is focused on vehicle electrification. Original plans contemplated using federal funds to assist in the Massport's application was the first VALE project for purchase of rolling stock (tugs, push-back engines, etc.) and FAA's New England Region. Massport staff advised that the recharging stations. Currently, all of the funds are dedicated to use of a consultant with experience in the FAA's emissions the purchase of rolling stock. The decision to focus on rolling modeling system and VALE applications was helpful. The stock was made to generate greater support from the carriers.