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210 SEA had initially been pursuing vehicle electrification road vehicles, the airline's ground service vehicles, and air- grants directly from the DOE. SEA recognized that without craft. The projects entailed the following: federal funds carriers would not support the program. SEA was approached by the local Clean Cities coalition to join in Acquire three Ford Escape hybrid electric vehicles for an application with other entities. The coalition staff believed airport use. that including an airport in the partnership would distinguish Acquire eight new higher efficiency diesel buses to their application from others and that the ability to show car- replace older diesel buses. rier support would also improve the rating of the project. The Acquire and install 45 recharging units to support coalition was able to use some of the work SEA had already 218 new electric ground service equipment units. done while pursuing an individual grant. Acquire and install 35 pre-conditioned air units at aircraft gates. SEA is functioning as the recipient of funds from the coali- Acquire and install 11 electric ground power units at a tion, and treating the program as a pass-through of the grant maintenance hangar. funds to the carriers. The precise details of equipment owner- ship and contractual relationships are still under review to PHL used a combination of three funding sources to finance preserve grant eligibility. the projects. FAA VALE grants provided 75% of eligible proj- ect costs of approximately $14.3 million. PHL received approx- SEA staff considered VALE funding but did not think it imately $1.9 million in Pennsylvania Alternative Fuel Incentive was a good fit for purchasing rolling stock. Under the Grants (AFIG), which it applied to a portion of the 25% local Clean Cities program, carriers can continue to use their old match requirement for the VALE grants. Finally, PHL received equipment. SEA staff believes that under VALE, the a DERA grant of approximately $476,000 to cover 100% of the equipment would have to be destroyed or disabled. How- incremental costs of low-emissions technology for a portion of ever, according to FAA's VALE program manager, FAA the vehicles and equipment. requires a commitment that old equipment will not continue to be used at the airport or in other nonattainment or main- PHL became aware of the funding opportunities through tenance areas, but that the equipment need not be destroyed a combination of direct announcement from the funding or disabled. sources and participation in meetings of the Philadelphia Diesel Difference organization (http://www.cleanair.org/ dieseldifference). PHILADELPHIA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT-- USING MULTIPLE FUNDING SOURCES TO REDUCE VEHICLE AND AIRCRAFT EMISSIONS PHL applied to each funding source directly. The most recent AFIG applications were submitted electronically. Philadelphia International Airport (PHL), a large hub airport, Submitted project costs in PHL's applications were based is pursuing various projects to reduce emissions from on- on vendor quotes or construction bids.