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211 CHAPTER SEVEN CONCLUSIONS This chapter summarizes the information and findings dis- Historic and cultural resources, cussed in the previous chapters. Identified gaps for further Brownfields, research are also presented. Recycling, and Petroleum storage tanks and releases. FINDINGS For wildlife habitat conservation and water quality, the results indicated that airport operators might not compete This ACRP synthesis provides summary information on effectively for funding on a stand-alone basis; it might be nec- financing opportunities and strategies to support airport envi- essary to partner with another public agency or even a non- ronmental initiatives. The study effort demonstrated that fund- profit to compete for funding. For the other listed resource ing opportunities are available for almost every potential areas, no significant impediments to stand-alone applications environmental initiative that an airport might choose to under- were identified. take. State and federal resources may be available. There are two areas where airports have been active in This synthesis provides a summary of funding opportuni- undertaking initiatives and pursuing funding--energy effi- ties and strategies. However, it is not intended to be used as a guide by airport operators in preparing applications or propos- ciency and vehicle emission reductions. als in response to specific funding opportunities. The matrices included in this report (see Tables 13) provide reference With respect to energy efficiency, the following was sources, contact information, and web links that airports can determined: use if they choose to pursue particular funding opportunities. Public financing is available in the form of grants or low- In addition, funding opportunities are constantly changing; interest loans. new funding opportunities are announced and application peri- Private-sector financing is available through energy ods close. It is important for airports to monitor the programs providers and energy service companies. in which they are interested to determine when new opportu- The capital costs of some initiatives can be self-financed nities become available and what actions are needed to qual- through reductions in energy consumption, but the pay- ify for funding. back period can be substantially shortened if up-front financial assistance is obtained. Just as funding opportunities are constantly changing, envi- Airports have not been as active in developing renewable ronmental opportunities are evolving. In the past, a major focus energy programs as they have been in pursuing energy of environmental responsibilities at airports was on mitigation. efficiency. Today, these responsibilities are much broader and expecta- tions are higher. Environmental stewardship is increasingly With respect to vehicle emissions the study revealed the the standard applied to airports and other governmental and following: commercial entities. Stewardship can include the concept of environmental sustainability and anticipating and preparing Multiple funding opportunities are available--including for environmental consequences of specific actions or proj- Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE), Clean Cities ects and of the overall activities of the airport entity. programs, and Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) programs As governmental entities, airport operators are eligible Participating in a coalition or joint effort may increase for funding opportunities in most resource areas. However, the probability of funding. Some local or regional con- for some resource areas, airports do not appear to have been sortia have sought airport participation. Some air- active in seeking funding. These areas include: ports that successfully pursued alternative fuel vehicle funding did so by teaming with other entities, and air- Habitat and wildlife conservation, port staff believe this approach enhanced the airports Water quality, competitiveness.