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29 Federal Emergency Management Administration ing acquisition of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), AFV refueling/charging stations, and hybrid vehicles. Vehicles The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) offers being replaced under the Clean Cities Program are not required a variety of funding opportunities. However most of these to be scrapped or rendered inoperable. Funding is limited to opportunities appear to be linked to the occurrence of a flood certified Clean Cities coalitions and their members. Airports emergency or another disaster. A link to information on these have had success in working through certified coalitions to programs appears in the FEMA entry in Table 1. obtain funds. A listing of certified coalitions can be found at One program that appears to have more general application locations.php. is the Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program. The FMA provides funding for planning and implementing measures to reduce or eliminate damage to residences and other structures Environmental Protection Agency insured under the National Flood Insurance Program. The FMA program is summarized in the FEMA entry in Table 1. The EPA administers the National Clean Diesel Campaign, which is authorized by the DERA. Funds are provided for various techniques to reduce diesel emissions. A project Fish and Wildlife Service that involves the replacement of a diesel engine must pro- vide for the engine being replaced to be scrapped or other- The Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) offers a variety of fund- wise disabled. ing opportunities that may be available to support airport envi- ronmental initiatives. FWS sponsors a challenge matching The EPA also provides funds to states for water quality grant program similar to that of BLM. FWS administers its projects under Section 319(h) of the Clean Water Act. States program on a regional rather than a state-by-state basis. The then make grants to individual recipients. These grants are FWS also sponsors the Cooperative Endangered Species Con- discussed in chapter four. servation Funds Program, which provides funding for tradi- tional conservation activities and land acquisition to support wildlife habitat. Other funding programs address control of MATRIX OF FEDERAL FUNDING PROGRAMS noxious plants and preservation of endangered species. Table 1 presents information on the federal programs identified in this report. Information is provided on eligible applicants, U.S. Department of Agriculture eligible projects, matching requirements and funding limita- tions, application timelines and procedures, and administrative The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and its agen- requirements. As noted previously, the results included in the cies also offer a variety of financial assistance programs that table represent a snapshot of information available through may be available to support airport environmental initiatives. New grant opportunities are constantly posted. The Natural Resources Conservation Service provides funds Also, does not provide a uniform level of informa- for wetlands restoration and protection, including water quality tion across all listed grant opportunities. In some cases, the improvements and projects to control soil erosion. The Rural searches of agencies' individual websites yielded additional Business Cooperative Service provides funds for renewable information about a program. In other cases, information could energy and energy efficiency projects in rural areas. For these not be readily obtained. programs, an airport operator may not meet eligibility require- ments on a stand-alone basis. Access to funds may depend on The timelines included in the matrix should be considered teaming with another local entity to obtain funding. as illustrative. For programs offered on an annual basis there is likely to be some variation in the exact dates grant oppor- Department of Energy tunities are posted and applications are due. Some programs may have limited application to airports. They are included The DOE's Clean Cities Program provides funding for pro- in the matrix to provide the broadest possible listing of poten- grams to reduce dependence on imported petroleum includ- tial funding sources.