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3 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This report presents the results of ACRP Project S02-5. This tion. Review of this website was supplemented by research introductory chapter describes the purpose of the report, pre- on individual agency websites. sents the methodology used to develop the report, and out- lines the organization of the report. For state funding opportunities, individual state govern- ment websites were reviewed. On occasion where limited information was available, information was obtained from PURPOSE OF THE REPORT the individuals listed as program contacts. Identifying opportunities to advance airport environmental programs is critical. Many opportunities exist to finance air- A limited web search was also conducted for foundation port environmental programs, including well-known sources and other nongovernmental funding opportunities. Many of of FAA funding and new sources of funding that many air- those identified were on state websites. Some states provide port operators may be unaware of or do not know how to listings of nonstate funding sources that include nongovern- access. However, the current economic downturn has resulted mental organizations (NGOs). in fewer staff and limited resources available to respond to environmental demands. New opportunities exist for airports In addition, interviews were conducted with airport staff to to sustain and enhance environmental programs that address obtain information on their experiences with non-FAA financ- air and water quality, noise, historic and cultural resources, ing opportunities as well as the Voluntary Airport Low Admis- species and habitats, parklands, waste management, brown- sion (VALE) program. Participation in the VALE program is fields, sustainability, and climate change. increasing. However, it appears that for many airport operators the program is not as well understood as the standard Airport The objective of this synthesis is to provide airport opera- Improvement Program (AIP) grant program. The results of tors and their potential partners with a comprehensive listing the interviews are incorporated into the remaining chapters of financing opportunities for airport environmental programs of the report, in particular the case examples. and to outline strategies for identifying and pursuing additional opportunities as they arise over time. This report is intended to REPORT STRUCTURE provide a high-level overview of the full breadth of potential funding programs. It is intended to provide information on The rest of this document presents the following: possibilities and to broadly outline requirements and benefits for the programs. The data included in the matrices represent Chapter Two: Strategies for Identifying and Pursuing Fund- a "snapshot in time" of information available at the time the ing Opportunities for Environmental Initiatives--a dis- review was conducted. cussion of the steps airport management and staff can take to identify funding opportunities on a timely basis Grant opportunities are constantly opening and closing, and and to enhance the airport's competitive position. the precise schedule for any particular program may vary from Chapter Three: Federal Funding Opportunities--a review year to year. This report is not intended to be the sole source of of federal funding opportunities. Accompanying the information for airport operators in deciding whether to pursue text is a matrix summarizing all of the potential funding funding opportunities. Full, detailed, and current information sources available from the federal government, includ- on funding opportunities can be obtained from program web- ing FAA programs. sites and contacts; program contacts are included for the vari- Chapter Four: State Funding Opportunities--a review of ous programs when they could be identified. state funding opportunities. Accompanying the text is a matrix summarizing funding opportunities available RESEARCH METHODOLOGY in each state. Chapter Five: Nongovernmental Funding Opportunities-- The primary method of research was an intensive review of a discussion of the nongovernmental funding oppor- federal and state government websites. For federal funding tunities that were identified. Accompanying the text is opportunities other than FAA programs, the web- a matrix summarizing funding opportunities available site ( was the primary source of informa- from NGOs.

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4 Chapter Six: Case Examples--eleven case examples of air- References, including reports, websites, and information ports that accessed financing through federal or state sources used in preparing the synthesis report, and a programs, including VALE, and through other sources glossary of terms, abbreviations, and acronyms are also are presented. included. Websites listed in the tables are not repeated Chapter Seven: Conclusions--a summary of the informa- in the references. tion collected for this report and a discussion of areas Appendix A contains a listing of statutory, regulatory, and where additional research could be helpful. administrative requirements typically applied to feder- ally funded grants.