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30 CHAPTER FOUR STATE FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL INITIATIVES INTRODUCTION tance programs on the left-hand side of the screen. For other states it was necessary to conduct additional searches from an This chapter discusses state funding opportunities for airport agency's home page. environmental initiatives. Much of the information was derived from searches of state government websites. The chapter Finally, some state agency websites provide information includes a brief discussion of the use of these websites as a or links to other financial assistance programs; for example, resource, followed by generally applicable considerations. A the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources site for flood discussion of programs available to address specific issues hazard mitigation grants ( then follows. The final section of the chapter is the matrix of water/flood_hazard.html) provides information on related state funding opportunities in the form of Table 2. programs and programs offered by other agencies. STATE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS All state and territorial governments maintain websites with Uncertain funding--State programs are subject to information on and links to individual agency websites. Each annual appropriation (or biannual in a few states). website was initially found by a search on a state name, Funding for specific programs is uncertain especially followed by the words "state government"--for example, in the current economic climate. As noted in some "Alabama state government." Once the main state govern- instances in Table 2, funds for some programs are not ment website was obtained, it was possible to find alphabet- currently available. ical listings of state agencies, usually accompanied by links Variable schedules--Even when funds are appropriated, to their individual websites. variations in the schedule of appropriation legislation and agency administrative processes may lead to varia- In general, comparable agencies in the various states pro- tions in schedules for soliciting applications and filing vide environmental funding for similar purposes. Most promi- applications. It is important to monitor state websites nent are departments of environmental control, environmental for the posting of funding opportunities and RFPs. Some management, or similar agencies, as reflected in Table 2. state programs provide a means to sign up for auto- Departments of natural resources are also typically involved, matic notices and updates. For airports considering and agriculture departments sometimes provide funding for participating in a particular program, the automated environmental initiatives. There are exceptions to the general update process would ease the burden of monitoring for practice; for example, in California funding for emission new opportunities. reduction initiatives is administered by the California Air Federal funds administered through states--Some fed- Resources Board. In Colorado, the Pollution Prevention eral funds flow through state programs. Financial Advisory Board provides financial assistance for recycling assistance under Section 319 of the Clean Water Act programs. [Pub. L. 92-500, 319(h)] is one example. Some brownfield program funds also originate with the fed- Some state websites include a separate listing for grant or eral government. When states provide sub-grants to financial assistance opportunities. Although these links purport local communities and governments, the funds may be to be comprehensive listings of grants, the study revealed that subject to federal requirements for grants as well as most states' funding opportunities that were not listed through state requirements. their grants links. Partnering with other governments--Some programs for which local governments are legally eligible, for exam- The ease of finding grant opportunities on departmental ple water quality programs, may be oriented to special websites varies substantially from state to state. Some state purpose governmental entities, such as water districts. agencies have a link to grants on their home page. Figure 2 Partnering with such organizations may enhance an air- presents a screen shot of the Arizona Department of Envi- port's access to these programs. In other cases, mini- ronmental Quality. As shown, there is a direct link to assis- mum funding requests may exceed the needs of a single