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16 also be attended to, to make certain they leave no Communicate with all stakeholders and actors to main- debris behind. tain awareness of foreign object damage. Pretend the Tool Lady/Man is coming to visit By pretending that management or "company" is com- ing for a visit or inspection personnel are motivated to CURRENT EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION tidy up. Tool control is of utmost importance and may take many forms, including foam cut-out tool shadow Inspection Continuum panels in toolboxes, formal checkout procedures, and electronic tracking. A best practice is to take only The equipment and technology available for airports in inspect- those tools needed for a job, carry, count, and use them ing for FOD falls along a continuum. This continuum ranges with the same routine, and thoroughly check a work from using a vehicle with a manual checklist to using a vehicle area when finished. with a GPS/GIS-based inspection and database application. Parting is the key to avoiding "sweet sorrow" As with all technology, prices vary by the size of the airport and The number of parts, pieces, connectors, caps, and the degree of technology in use. Generally, more technology fasteners must be tracked and controlled. Parts con- equates to higher costs, although each airport may wish to eval- trol, as with tool control, is critical. uate the use of technology in its specific situation as the bene- Track it and tie it down! fits in efficiency achieved with the adoption of technology may Prop wash and jet blast turn loose items into flying mis- not only enhance employee morale and reduce operational siles. Personnel must operate as if someone is about to staffing needs, but also improve the rate of debris detected on start an engine by keeping tools, materials, clipboards, the airfield. The continuum in Figure 8 has been developed to and other items secure and in their proper places. present the range of options available to airports. Write it down and talk it up Personnel should be encouraged to observe, analyze, and communicate with supervisors to ensure that Manual unsafe practices are eliminated and safety is improved. For most airports, the first line of defense against FOD has The European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation been, and continues to be, human observation. To aid the (Eurocontrol) suggests European airports do the following to individual with the inspection, manual equipment (such as prevent FOD occurrences (Chadwick et al. 2010, p. 22): a vehicle) is often relied on, which typically involves an employee driving a vehicle onto the airport surface for obser- Clear loose material from land adjacent to the movement vation and completing a paper-based inspection or FOD areas. checklist. Although this has been an accepted practice for Wash the tires of visiting vehicles before they are allowed years to meet FAA requirements, some airports have adopted to go airside. various forms of technology to enhance this process and Maintain all airside vehicles in a good state of repair improve the efficiency of their human observations. Rather and cleanliness. than completing a paper-based checklist, airports may imple- Provide Foreign Object Bins for use by airport personnel. ment an electronic checklist, typically loaded onto a PDA Make sure all airside personnel are properly trained and (personal digital assistance), tablet personal computer, or note- made aware of foreign object damage. book computer. This technology allows the individual to elec- FIGURE 8 Continuum of technology and equipment available for inspection.