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35 been developed to present the range of options available to during the FOD detection event (18%), and weather data dur- airports. ing the FOD detection event (9%). CURRENT AIRPORT DOCUMENTATION Analysis of Foreign Object Debris PRACTICES For the purpose of documenting FOD, 64% of participat- Documentation of Foreign Object Debris ing airports maintain an electronic database. Interestingly, Documentation of FOD varies by airport. Of the airports par- this 64%, to a large extent, represents large hub airports; ticipating in this synthesis, 52% reported that they document none of the participating medium hub, non-hub, and GA FOD most times when debris are retrieved or removed. Almost airports currently maintain an electronic database for FOD 20% document FOD every time, with 19% documenting some- documentation. Although 28% of the participating airports times and 10% never. When analyzing the data by airport hub do not have an electronic database for this purpose, 9% size, it becomes clear that larger airports are more likely to plan to adopt an electronic FOD documentation database document FOD. Specifically, although FOD is documented in the near future. For those airports with an electronic most times by 75% of large and medium hub airports and 60% database, Figure 29 shows how the data in this database by small hub airports, only 20% of non-hub airports and 33% are analyzed. It appears that just as the majority of parti- of GA airports document FOD most times when it is retrieved cipating airports document the location, date and time, or removed; furthermore, two-thirds of GA airports never and description of FOD, these are the same elements most document FOD. often used in the analysis of FOD incidents. However, although the majority of participating airports also docu- When queried about the manner in which they document ment the name(s) of those personnel who detect and remove FOD, the results were quite comprehensive. More than half the debris, this element is not a common way to analyze data of participating airports currently document FOD in the fol- in the database. The manner in which FOD was detected lowing manner(s): however is. When asked who analyzes the data in the database, Location of FOD (84%) 77% of survey respondents indicated that operations per- Date and time of FOD detection and retrieval (68%) sonnel were the most likely candidates. However, other Description of FOD retrieved (68%) stakeholders also participated in data analysis (as shown in Name of personnel detecting/investigating/removing Figure 30). FOD (61%). Similar to the previous question, participants were asked Participating airports also document how the FOD was who uses the data stored in the FOD database. It appears that detected (41%), the possible source of the debris (32%), an the operations department (87%) and airport management image of the object retrieved (23%), airport operations data (73%) are the most frequent users (Figure 31). Location of FOD 92% Date and time 77% Description of FOD retrieved 69% How FOD was detected 39% Image of FOD object 23% Possible source 23% Weather data 15% Name of personnel 15% Airport operations data 8% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% FIGURE 29 FOD analysis by type. Note: Participants were able to select all that apply. Thus, percentages do not total 100%.

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36 Operations personnel 77% Airport management 39% FOD manager 31% Widlife biologist 15% Safety officer 15% FIGURE 30 FOD analysis by personnel. Note: Participants were able to select all that apply. Thus, percentages do not total 100%. Operations department 87% Airport management 73% Tenants/users 27% FAA (or similar) 20% Air carriers 20% State regulatory agency 7% FIGURE 31 Utilization of FOD data. Note: Participants were able to select all that apply. Thus, percentages do not total 100%.